Kuala Lumpur–Singapore High Speed Rail

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Kuala Lumpur–Singapore
High Speed Rail
Type Passenger dedicated high-speed rail
System Kuala Lumpur–Singapore High Speed Rail
Status Under planning
Locale  Malaysia
Termini Bandar Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur
Iskandar Puteri, Johor
Jurong East, Singapore
Stations 8 (planned)
Services 3 (express, shuttle and domestic)
Opened 2026 (estimated) [1]
Owner InfraCos
MyHSR Corp (Malaysia)
LTA (Singapore)
Operator(s) OpCos
OpCo International (Express & Shuttle service)
• OpCo Domestic (Domestic service)
Rolling stock 10-car trainsets capacity for up to 100 passengers per car
Line length 350 km (220 mi)
Malaysia: 335 km (208 mi)
Singapore: 15 km (9.3 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead line
Operating speed 300 km/h (185 mph)
Route map
Illustrative map of the location of the stations Source: LTA Singapore

The Kuala Lumpur–Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) project was announced by the Malaysian Prime Minister Najib in September 2010 to connect Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru with Singapore.[2] On 19 February 2013, Singapore and Malaysia officially agreed to build a high-speed rail link between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore by 2020 at a meeting in Singapore between Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak. [3]

The construction of the high-speed railway was expected to start in the third quarter of 2015;[4] however, an update by the Malaysian Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD) now places the start of works to be in 2017, with the completion in 2026.[5]


A high-speed rail link between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore was proposed in the late 1990s, but due to high costs the proposal was shelved.[6] In 2006 YTL Corporation, operator of the Express Rail Link in Kuala Lumpur, revived the proposal, with a projected speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). This was expected to trim travel time between the two cities to 99 minutes, compared with 4–5 hours by road, 7 hours by conventional rail services,[7] or 3 hours by air (including travel to and from the airports, check-in, boarding and other airport procedures). In 2008 the Malaysian government halted the project citing high-costs of over RM8 billion.[8]

The proposal was highlighted in 2010 as a high-impact project, out of the 131 entry-point projects,[6] in the Malaysian government's Economic Transformation Programme Roadmap in a bid to increase economic activities concurrently greater economic synergies. Studies into the feasibility and conceptual details of the proposal were to be carried out in December 2010 and January 2011.[9]

It was believed that the Malaysian government was going to sign a high-speed rail deal with China upon the visit of President Hu Jintao of China to Kuala Lumpur in June 2011.

The Prime Ministers of Malaysia and Singapore agreed to go ahead with the project at a meeting on 19 February 2013.[7] A committee was tasked with looking into 'the details and modalities' of the project.[7]

Singapore and Malaysia have announced that the high speed rail proposal will be finalised by end of 2014 with a targeted completion date at 2020.[10]

The proposal for Singapore's link will have to be considered by the Land Transport Authority (LTA) in Budget 2014. According to the Leaders' Retreat which was held on 7 April 2014, a possible location for the high-speed rail will be Tuas West, Jurong East or the Downtown Core.[11][12] On 6 February 2015, the Malaysia-Singapore Joint Ministerial Committee for Iskandar Malaysia (JMCIM) released in a press statement stating that Singapore had announced Jurong East as a location for the high-speed rail terminus. However, the terminus would not be connected to the MRT station that serves Jurong East.[13]

Japan and South Korea both have indicated their interests in the project.[14][15]

Similarly, during a state visit by the president of Singapore to France, Singapore's Transport Minister Lui Tuck Yew told the press that French firms are keen to participate in the project.[16]

The LTA and SPAD jointly announced the launch of a "market sensing exercise" on the Kuala Lumpur–Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) project on 7 October 2015.[17][18]

Singapore and Malaysia signed a memorandum of understanding on 19 July 2016 at the signing ceremony held at Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak's official residence in Putrajaya, witnessed by his Singapore counterpart, Lee Hsien Loong. It was signed by Singapore Transport Minister and Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure Khaw Boon Wan along with Malaysian Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Abdul Rahman Dahlan.[19]

The legally binding bilateral agreement was signed by Singapore's Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure and Minister for Transport Khaw Boon Wan, and Malaysia's Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Abdul Rahman Dahlan, witnessed by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and his counterpart Najib Razak at their annual leaders' retreat at Putrajaya, Malaysia on 13 December 2016. There were also details including a 25-metre-high bridge link near the Malaysia–Singapore Second Link and three services to be operated by two operators. At the same meeting, the leaders agreed on technical details for the Johor Bahru–Singapore Rapid Transit System (RTS) link, which will connect the Thomson-East Coast MRT Line (TEL) to Johor Baru via another high bridge near the Johor–Singapore Causeway. The link will use the same rail systems and trains as TEL.[20]

The government of Singapore has made the second large acquisition of land for the project by requiring Raffles Country Club to vacate its plot as the site offers the "most suitable location" to run the HSR tracks after the bridge crossing and to place the tunnel portal leading to the underground tunnels that would take the HSR to the Jurong East terminus. The site has to be vacated by July 31, 2018, to be used for HSR crossover tracks and a siding facility to temporarily house a train near the border for safety or operational reasons. The site may also be used for train testing facilities.[21]

On 8 February 2017, LTA appointed engineering design firm AECOM Singapore to conduct an advanced engineering study for Singapore's stretch of the Singapore–Kuala Lumpur high-speed rail (HSR) infrastructure.[22]

On 16 February 2017, LTA and MyHSR awarded the HSR joint development partner (JDP) contract to a consortium comprising WSP Engineering Malaysia, Mott MacDonald Malaysia and Ernst & Young Advisory Services. They will provide HSR project management support, technical advice on systems and operations, develop safety standards and help prepare tender documents for the joint project team of LTA and MyHSR.[23]

Plan details[edit]

The railway will be about 350 km and the travel time will be 90 minutes.[20] The construction cost will be MYR 43 billion.[24] The project will require the construction of a brand-new line with dedicated tracks, which will allow trains to travel at least 270 km/h.[3] MYHSR Corp will co-ordinate the project for the essential construction within the Malaysia corridor, whereas LTA will be in charge for Singapore corridor.[25]

Project timeline[edit]

  • 19 July 2016: Signing of MOU for KL-Singapore HSR project
  • August 2016: Singapore to call tender for advance engineering studies. Singapore-Malaysia joint tender for Joint Development Partner
  • 13 December 2016: Bilateral agreement signed
  • Late 2017: Civil works and tender for private entity overseeing train and rail assets
  • 2018-2025: Construction
  • Late 2023: International and domestic operators tender
  • 2024-2026: Testing and commissioning
  • By December 31, 2026: Operation begin



Malaysia's Land Public Transport Commission chairman, Syed Hamid Albar, announced the stops in Malaysia on 22 October 2014.[26]

The Singapore government has chosen Jurong East to be the terminal for this railway in Singapore on 5 May 2015.[27] Jurong Country Club, which occupies the site currently, is expected to handover the land by November 2016.[28]

Station code Station name Station location Express
KL Kuala Lumpur Bandar Malaysia
The co-located Customs, Immigration and Quarantine (CIQ) facilities will be located here. International-bound passengers will need to undergo CIQ clearance by both countries' authorities only at the point of departure. This station also will be a connecting station to the currently under construction of  12 Sungai Buloh–Serdang–Putrajaya Line & the proposed  13 Circle Line.
PU Putrajaya Kampung Abu Bakar Baginda
Connection to proposed  14 Putrajaya Monorail
SE Seremban Labu
Connecting station to  1 KTM Seremban Line and  ETS KTM ETS
AK Ayer Keroh Ayer Keroh, Melaka
MU Muar Bandar Universiti Pagoh
BP Batu Pahat Pura Kencana, Sri Gading
IP Iskandar Puteri Gerbang Nusajaya
The co-located Customs, Immigration and Quarantine (CIQ) facilities will be located there. International-bound passengers will need to undergo CIQ clearance by both countries' authorities only at the point of departure.
SG Singapore Jurong East
The co-located Customs, Immigration and Quarantine (CIQ) facilities will be located there. International-bound passengers will need to undergo CIQ clearance by both countries' authorities only at the point of departure. This station also will be a connecting station to North South MRT Line, East West MRT Line & proposed Jurong Region MRT Line.

See also[edit]

Media related to High-speed rail at Wikimedia Commons


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  2. ^ "Greater Kuala Lumpur - EPP 3: Connecting to Singapore via a high speed rail system". 
  3. ^ a b "KL-Singapore high-speed link to kick off". Investvine.com. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "KL-Singapore high speed rail project to start in 2016". The Malaysian Insider. 27 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Malaysia-Singapore high-speed rail project to commence in 2017". TheMalayMailOnline.com. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Transport operators all for high-speed rail link". New Strait Times. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ a b c "Kuala Lumpur - Singapore high speed railway agreement". Railway Gazette International. 19 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Lew, Alexander (24 April 2008). "Malaysia Halts Kuala Lumpur-Singapore Bullet Train". Wired. 
  9. ^ "Meticulous Study On KL-Singapore High-speed Train Before Year-end". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Proposed Singapore-KL Rail Link To Be Finalised Next Year: Najib". 
  11. ^ "LTA calls tender for high-speed rail feasibility study". The Straits Times. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "KL-S'pore rail link: Tender called for S'pore leg feasibility study". Channel News Asia. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Location Of High Speed Rail". Channel Newsasia. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  14. ^ "Japan may bid for KL-Singapore rail project". New Straits Times. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)). 
  15. ^ Ching, Ooi Tee (26 November 2014). "S. Korea keen on high-speed rail project". New Straits Times. Retrieved 18 May 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/news/singapore/transport/story/hig%60h-speed-rail-french-firms-keen-project-20150522
  17. ^ "Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail - Featured Projects - Land Transport Authority". LTA.gov.sg. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  18. ^ http://www.spad.gov.my/news-events/media-releases/2015/press-release-spad-and-lta-conduct-joint-market-sensing-exercise
  19. ^ "Singapore, Malaysia sign MoU on High-Speed Rail project". Channel NewsAsia. 19 July 2016. 
  20. ^ a b c hermes (14 December 2016). "KL, Singapore sign deal for high-speed rail; service slated to start by Dec 31, 2026". StraitsTimes.com. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  21. ^ "Raffles Country Club to give up site for KL-Singapore High Speed Rail". AsiaOne.com. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  22. ^ "US engineering firm AECOM to design Singapore's high-speed rail infrastructure". ChannelNewsAsia.com. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "Consortium wins joint development partner contract for KL-Singapore high-speed rail". ChannelNewsAsia.com. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  24. ^ "China shows interest in KL-Singapore high-speed rail project - Nation - The Star Online". TheStar.com.my. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  25. ^ "Kuala Lumpur - Singapore high-speed deal imminent". 
  26. ^ "Singapore-Kuala Lumpur High Speed Rail have Seven Stops Malaysia 2014". 
  27. ^ "Singapore's High Speed Rail terminus will be located at Jurong East". Channel NewsAsia. 5 May 2015. 
  28. ^ "Singapore high-speed rail terminus will be at current Jurong Country Club site". The Straits Times. 11 May 2015.