Penang Chinese Chamber of Commerce
Established in 1903, the Penang Chinese Chamber of Commerce (PCCC) was one of the pioneer trade organizations founded at the turn of the twentieth century in this region.
A 1908 article gives an idea of the early history of the Chamber:
Among prominent mercantile houses of Pinang there are many conducted by Chinese who follow closely and successfully the methods of Western competitors. As might be expected, the proprietors of these establishments have been quick to recognise the value and importance of an organisation for the protection of their common interests. In June, 1903, they founded the Pinang Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Agriculture. This institution has a membership representing about a hundred firms, and is open to Chinese merchants, traders, agents and others interested in the commerce and agriculture of the settlement. The object of its promoters is not only the protection of common trade interests , but also the collection and classification of mercantile information and the establishment of a court of arbitration to adjust commercial differences. The offices of the Chamber are in the Tin Exchange Rooms. The office-holders are Mr. Lim Kek Chuan (林克全), president; Mr. Leong Lok Hing (梁樂卿), vice-president; Mr. Yeow Paik Tat, treasurer; and Mr. Kaw Cheng Sian (辜禎善), secretary. The committee is composed of Messrs Quah Beng Kee (柯孟淇), Goh Boon Keng (吳文景), Goh Say Eng (吳世榮), Oon Boon Tan (溫文旦), Lim Seng Hooi (林成輝), Ong Hun Chong (王漢宗), Khaw Joo Tok (許如琢), Lo Poey Chee (羅培芝), Ng See Sin (吳時信), Chung Thye Phin (鄭大平), Oh Ah Min, Yeap Yin Khye.
In January 1946 the British Military Administration decided to end Penang's duty-free status. That together with the plan to break up the Straits Settlements and impose the Malayan Union prompted the Penang Chinese Chamber of Commerce to lead a protest of Penang's chambers of commerce including the Penang Indian Chamber of Commerce and the Penang Muslim Chamber of Commerce. The protests aimed at the Colonial Office proved successful and Penang's free port status was restored in June 1946.
The Chamber is now one of the strongest commercial institutions in Malaysia in terms of membership and organizational and functional characteristic that is well recognized by both the public and private sectors. In 2003, the Registrar of Society of Malaysia (ROS) presented the Award Certificate of Excellent Society to the Chamber. It has also been awarded the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System (QMS) Certificate in March 2006.
(a) to improve and develop trade and industry. (b) to collect, collate and disseminate commercial information and to issue certificates of authentication. (c) to arbitrate and settle trade and industrial disputes. (d) to collect and compile trade statistics. (e) to organize trade exhibitions, seminars and human resource development programmes either on its own or in collaboration with other institution(s). (f) to support charitable, cultural and educational institutions.
The Chamber now has more than a thousand members composed of individuals, corporations as well as commercial associations and trade guilds. The members of PCCC are from various business sectors, including enterprises, financial institutions, listed companies, housing & construction, garment & textiles, sole-agents & retailers.
Policy formulation and decision making at the highest level of PCCC are vested in a 51-member General Committee headed by a President; assisted by a Deputy President and 3 Vice-Presidents. A 14-member Executive Committee elected from the ranks of the General Committee meet regularly to supervise the implementation of the policies and strategies formulated and planned by the latter while a permanent Secretariat takes charge of the day-to-day running of the Chamber's affairs.
There are 9 Working Committees and 3 Ad Hoc Committees charged with various specific functional topics such as small and medium enterprises & human resources development, economics, finance & taxation, housing & construction, infrastructure & public facilities, information technology, transport, logistics & customs, Malaysia-China business development, tourism etc. all geared towards complementing the Chamber's important role as a conduit for the exchange of views and information between the Authorities and business community and in promoting the interest of its members in particular and the economic well-being of the country in general.
The Chamber has great rapport with the Government at regional as well as national level through its direct affiliation to the Associated Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia and indirect connection with the National Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia. PCCC is officially represented at the following public bodies:
- Penang Joint Chambers of Commerce
- National Consultative Panel of the Royal Customs
- Penang Local Government Consultative Forum
- Penang State Committee for Trade & Commerce
- Penang Island & P.W. Municipal Councils
- Trade Promotion Within North Asean Region Committee
- Penang Port Commission
- Penang Port Consultative Committee
- Penang Customs Liaison Committee
- E-Economy Working Group of K-ICT Council
- Penang Road Safety Committee
- Advisory Panel of Penang Heritage Steering Committee
- Penang Chinese Chamber of Commerce Homepage
- Malayan Chinese and China conversion in identity consciousness, 1945-1957 I.D.E. Occasional papers series: Conversion in Identity Consciousness, 1945-1957 By Fujio Hara Published by Institute of Developing Economies, 1997; p. 19
- Twentieth century impressions of British Malaya: its history, people, commerce, industries, and resources by Wright Arnold, Publication date: 1908
- Re-examination of the “Chinese nationalism” and Categorization of the Chinese in Malaya: The Case of the Chinese in Penang, 1890s-1910s by SHINOZAKI Kaori, Ph.D. student, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences University of Tokyo; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org presented at The Penang Story – International Conference 2002, 18–21 April 2002, The City Bayview Hotel, Penang, Malaysia organised by The Penang Heritage Trust & STAR Publications
- A Modern History of Southeast Asia: Decolonization, Nationalism and Separatism By Clive J. Christie Published by I.B.Tauris, 1996; p. 40
- Xian Dai Ri Bao, January 24, 1950.
- Malayan Chinese and China conversion in identity consciousness, 1945-1957 I.D.E. Occasional papers series: Conversion in Identity Consciousness, 1945-1957 By Fujio Hara Published by Institute of Developing Economies, 1997; p. 94
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