Penang State Legislative Assembly

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Penang State Legislative Assembly

Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang
ديوان اوندڠن نڬري ڤولاو ڤينڠ
槟城州议会
பினாங்கு மாநில சட்ட மன்றம்
14th State Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms of Penang.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded11 July 1959; 63 years ago (1959-07-11)
Leadership
Ahmad Fuzi Abdul Razak
since 1 May 2021 (2021-05-01)
Speaker
Law Choo Kiang, PHPKR
since 28 June 2013 (2013-06-28)
Deputy Speaker
Amar Pritpal Abdullah, PHPKR
since 2 August 2018 (2018-08-02)
Chow Kon Yeow, PHDAP
since 14 May 2018 (2018-05-14)
Leader of the Opposition
Muhamad Yusoff Mohd Noor, BNUMNO
since 2 August 2018 (2018-08-02)
Secretary
Maheswari Malayandy
Structure
Seats40
Quorum: 13
Simple majority: 21
Two-thirds majority: 27
DUN Penang 20180517.svg
Political groups
Government (33)

  PH (33)

Opposition (7)
  PN (5)

  BN (2)

Speaker (1)

  PH (non-MLA)
Committees
5
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Rights and Privileges Committee
  • Assembly Committee
  • Rules of Proceedings Committee
  • Constitutional Committee
Elections
Plurality First-past-the-post
Last election
9 May 2018
Next election
2023
Meeting place
Dewan Undangan Negeri Penang Dec 2006 003.jpg
Penang State Assembly Building, Light Street, George Town, Penang
Website
dun.penang.gov.my

The Penang State Legislative Assembly is the legislature of the Malaysian state of Penang. It is a unicameral institution, consisting of a total of 40 elected lawmakers representing single-member constituencies throughout Penang. The state legislature, whose members are called State Assemblymen, convenes at the Penang State Assembly Building in Penang's capital city of George Town. The Penang State Executive Council, the executive branch of the Penang state government, is drawn from among the State Assemblymen.

Out of the 40 seats, 33 are held by the Pakatan Harapan (PH) ruling coalition after the 2018 State Election. Within the coalition, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) holds 19 seats, the People's Justice Party (PKR) 12 seats, and the National Trust Party (Amanah) holds two seats. The PH coalition thus commands a supermajority in the legislature.

Meanwhile, the opposition is formed by the Perikatan Nasional (PN) where all are from Barisan Nasional (BN), Malaysian United Indigenous Party (Bersatu), and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), which currently controls just seven seats (along with Zulkifli Ibrahim[1][2][3]) and they support current federal government.

Map of current constituencies (since 2018)

Current composition[edit]

Government Opposition
PH PN BN
33 5 2
19 12 2 4 1 2
DAP PKR AMANAH BERSATU PAS UMNO
No. Parliamentary Constituency No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party) Post
- - - Non-MLA Law Choo Kiang PH (PKR) Speaker
P41 Kepala Batas N1 Penaga Mohd Yusni Mat Piah PN (PAS) N/A
N2 Bertam Khaliq Mehtab Mohd Ishaq PN (BERSATU)
N3 Pinang Tunggal Ahmad Zakiyuddin Abdul Rahman PH (PKR) Deputy Chief Minister
P42 Tasek Gelugor N4 Permatang Berangan Nor Hafizah Othman BN (UMNO) N/A
N5 Sungai Dua Muhamad Yusoff Mohd. Noor BN (UMNO) Opposition Leader
N6 Telok Ayer Tawar Mustafa Kamal Ahmad PH (PKR) N/A
P43 Bagan N7 Sungai Puyu Phee Boon Poh PH (DAP) EXCO Member
N8 Bagan Jermal Soon Lip Chee PH (DAP) EXCO Member
N9 Bagan Dalam Satees Muniandy PH (DAP) N/A
P44 Permatang Pauh N10 Seberang Jaya Afif Bahardin PN (BERSATU)
N11 Permatang Pasir Muhammad Faiz Fadzil PH (AMANAH)
N12 Penanti Norlela Ariffin PH (PKR) EXCO Member
P45 Bukit Mertajam N13 Berapit Heng Lee Lee PH (DAP) N/A
N14 Machang Bubok Lee Khai Loon PH (PKR)
N15 Padang Lalang Chong Eng PH (DAP) EXCO Member
P46 Batu Kawan N16 Perai Ramasamy Palanisamy PH (DAP) Deputy Chief Minister
N17 Bukit Tengah Gooi Hsiao Leung PH (PKR) N/A
N18 Bukit Tambun Goh Choon Aik PH (PKR)
P47 Nibong Tebal N19 Jawi H’ng Mooi Lye PH (DAP)
N20 Sungai Bakap Amar Pritpal Abdullah PH (PKR) Deputy Speaker
N21 Sungai Acheh Zulkifli Ibrahim PN (BERSATU) N/A
P48 Bukit Bendera N22 Tanjong Bunga Zairil Khir Johari PH (DAP) EXCO Member
N23 Air Putih Lim Guan Eng PH (DAP) MP of Bagan
N24 Kebun Bunga Jason Ong Khan Lee PH (PKR) N/A
N25 Pulau Tikus Chris Lee Chun Kit PH (DAP)
P49 Tanjong N26 Padang Kota Chow Kon Yeow PH (DAP) Chief Minister
MP of Tanjong
N27 Pengkalan Kota Gooi Zi Sen PH (DAP) N.A
N28 Komtar Teh Lai Heng PH (DAP)
P50 Jelutong N29 Datok Keramat Jagdeep Singh Deo PH (DAP) EXCO Member
N30 Sungai Pinang Lim Siew Khim PH (DAP) N/A
N31 Batu Lancang Ong Ah Teong PH (DAP)
P51 Bukit Gelugor N32 Seri Delima Syerleena Abdul Rashid PH (DAP)
N33 Air Itam Joseph Ng Soon Seong PH (DAP)
N34 Paya Terubong Yeoh Soon Hin PH (DAP) EXCO Member
P52 Bayan Baru N35 Batu Uban Kumaresan Aramugam PH (PKR) N/A
N36 Pantai Jerejak Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PH (PKR) MP of Kulim-Bandar Baharu
N37 Batu Maung Abdul Halim Hussain PH (PKR) EXCO Member
P53 Balik Pulau N38 Bayan Lepas Azrul Mahathir Aziz PH (AMANAH) N/A
N39 Pulau Betong Mohd. Tuah Ismail PH (PKR)
N40 Telok Bahang Zolkifly Md Lazim PN (BERSATU)

Seating arrangement[edit]

The seating arrangement of the Penang State Legislative Assembly is as follows.[4]

N33 Air Itam N11 Permatang Pasir N38 Bayan Lepas N24 Kebun Bunga N25 Pulau Tikus N17 Bukit Tengah N31 Batu Lanchang N14 Machang Bubok
N30 Sungai Pinang N28 Komtar N36 Pantai Jerejak N23 Air Putih
N06 Telok Ayer Tawar B Vacant
N35 Batu Uban N20 Sungai Bakap (Deputy Speaker)
N19 Jawi N40 Telok Bahang C A N07 Sungai Puyu (EXCO Member) N12 Penanti (EXCO Member)
N39 Pulau Betong N2 Bertam N29 Datok Keramat (EXCO Member) N08 Bagan Jermal (EXCO Member)
N18 Bukit Tambun N21 Sungai Acheh N15 Padang Lalang (EXCO Member) N34 Paya Terubong (EXCO Member)
N27 Pengkalan Kota N10 Seberang Jaya N16 Perai (Deputy Chief Minister II) N37 Batu Maung (EXCO Member)
N13 Berapit N01 Penaga N03 Pinang Tunggal (Deputy Chief Minister I) N22 Tanjong Bunga (EXCO Member)
N09 Bagan Dalam N04 Permatang Berangan State Legal Advisor State Financial Officer
N32 Seri Delima N05 Sungai Dua (Opposition Leader) Secretary N26 Padang Kota (Chief Minister) State Secretary
Speaker
Yang Di-Pertua Negeri

Role[edit]

The Penang State Legislative Assembly's main function is to enact legislation and policies relating to the State List and Joint List as defined in the Federal Constitution. Its members also provide oversight on the state's executive branch of government, ensuring the state departments and agencies enforce the aforementioned legislation.[5] Debates in the Assembly are presided over by the Speaker.

The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Tuan Yang Terutama Tun Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Penang. The Chief Minister heads the state's executive, known as the State Executive Council, whose members are also drawn from the Assembly.

Committees[edit]

The State Assembly also consists of committees to handle administrative matters. The committees include:[6]

  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Committee on Privileges
  • House Committee
  • Standing Orders Committee
  • Constitution Committee

Speakers Roll of Honour[edit]

The following is the Speaker of the Penang State Legislative Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1959:[7]

No. Speaker Term start Term end Party Constituency
1 Sulaiman Ahmad 6 January 1959 1 April 1964 Alliance (UMNO) Alma
25 April 1964 19 March 1969
2 Harun Sirat 10 May 1969 31 July 1974 Gerakan Alma
24 August 1974 16 June 1978 BN (Gerakan) Bukit Tengah
3 Hassan Md. Noh 8 July 1978 29 March 1982 BN (UMNO) Penaga
4 Teh Ewe Lim 22 April 1982 19 July 1986 BN (Gerakan) Datok Keramat
5 Ooi Ean Kwong 3 August 1986 5 October 1990 BN (Gerakan) Datok Keramat
6 Abdul Rahman Abbas 21 October 1990 4 April 1995 BN (UMNO) Bertam
7 Yahaya Abdul Hamid 25 April 1995 10 November 1999 BN (UMNO) Pinang Tunggal
29 November 1999 2 March 2004
21 March 2004 12 February 2008 Non-MLA
8 Abdul Halim Hussain 8 March 2008 27 June 2013 PR (PKR) Non-MLA
9 Law Choo Kiang 28 June 2013 10 April 2018 PH (PKR) Bukit Tambun
2 August 2018 Incumbent Non-MLA

Election pendulum[edit]

The 14th General Election witnessed 37 governmental seats and 3 non-governmental seats filled the Penang State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 25 safe seats and 2 fairly safe seats. However, none of the non-government side has safe and fairly safe seat.

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Pinang Tunggal Ahmad Zakiyuddin Abd. Rahman PKR 38.76
Bertam Khaliq Mehtab Mohd. Ishaq BERSATU 41.20
Sungai Acheh Zulkifli Ibrahim PKR 44.19
Telok Ayer Tawar Mustafa Kamal Ahmad PKR 44.40
Penanti Dr. Norlela Ariffin PKR 44.95
Permatang Pasir Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Fadzil AMANAH 45.33
Sungai Bakap Amar Pritpal Abdullah PKR 45.56
Telok Bahang Zolkifly Md. Lazim BERSATU 45.65
Pulau Betong Mohd. Tuah Ismail PKR 49.63
Seberang Jaya Dr. Afif Bahardin PKR 53.12
Fairly safe
Bayan Lepas Azrul Mahathir Aziz AMANAH 56.17
Batu Maung Abdul Halim Hussain PKR 58.72
Safe
Bukit Tengah Gooi Hsiao-Leung PKR 66.16
Sungai Pinang Lim Siew Khim DAP 68.79
Machang Bubok Lee Khai Loon PKR 68.98
Bagan Dalam Satees Muniandy DAP 72.54
Pantai Jerejak Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR 73.45
Datok Keramat Jagdeep Singh Deo DAP 75.25
Tanjong Bunga Zairil Khir Johari DAP 76.37
Jawi H’ng Mooi Lye DAP 78.58
Air Itam Joseph Ng Soon Seong DAP 79.76
Batu Uban Kumaresan Aramugam PKR 80.43
Bukit Tambun Goh Choon Aik PKR 81.54
Pulau Tikus Chris Lee Chun Kit DAP 82.32
Perai Prof. Dr. Ramasamy Palanisamy DAP 82.46
Seri Delima Syerleena Abdul Rashid DAP 82.54
Komtar Teh Lai Heng DAP 84.64
Bagan Jermal Soon Lip Chee DAP 85.37
Air Putih Lim Guan Eng DAP 85.61
Padang Kota Chow Kon Yeow DAP 85.76
Kebun Bunga Jason Ong Khan Lee PKR 86.27
Paya Terubong Yeoh Soon Hin DAP 88.59
Padang Lalang Chong Eng DAP 88.66
Pengkalan Kota Gooi Zi Sen DAP 88.87
Batu Lancang Ong Ah Teong DAP 89.01
Sungai Puyu Phee Boon Poh DAP 90.17
Berapit Heng Lee Lee DAP 92.06
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Permatang Berangan Nor Hafizah Othman UMNO 37.87
Sungai Dua Muhamad Yusoff Mohd. Noor UMNO 41.07
Penaga Mohd. Yusni Mat Piah PAS 53.55

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PKR pecat empat pemimpin berkaitan Azmin". 28 June 2020.
  2. ^ "PKR perlu keluar daripada PH: ADUN Sungai Acheh". 20 June 2020.
  3. ^ https://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2020/07/04/after-being-sacked-from-pkr-sg-acheh-rep-zulkifli-ibrahim-to-support-pn/
  4. ^ (PDF) http://dun.penang.gov.my/images/SUSUNAN%20TEMPAT%20DUDUK%20ADUN%202020%20(12%20OKT%202020)(PINDAAN%2013%20OKT))%20SALINAN.pdf. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Role and Membership of the State Assembly Penang State Assembly Portal
  6. ^ List of State Assembly Committees Penang State Assembly Portal
  7. ^ Senarai Yang di-Pertua Dewan Undangan Negeri

External links[edit]