|Founded by||Frank R. Pence|
|Elevation||696 ft (212 m)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||440987|
Pence was founded in September 1902 by Frank R. Pence, who purchased 40 acres (160,000 m2) of land for the purpose. In 1903, Pence became the smallest town in the United States to have a central water system. In the early part of the 20th century, Pence had numerous businesses including a grain elevator, a blacksmith shop, a welding and machine shop, a lumber yard, a coal yard, the Bank of Pence (which closed in the 1920s), a hotel (which also housed the post office for a time), restaurants, a general store, grocery stores, a hardware store, a weekly newspaper, a funeral home, a jewelry store, and various others. As of 1913, the population was about 150.
Pence had a baseball team from 1910 to 1955, and also had a basketball team (the Pence Aces).
The post office operated from October 12, 1903 to April 5, 1957.
Pence is located less than a mile east of the Indiana-Illinois state line and a quarter mile from Jordan Creek, which flows southwest toward the Vermilion River. It is on County Road 300 North, which (in Illinois) runs into the town of Rossville about 9 miles to the west.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2016-07-10.
- "USGS detail on Pence, Indiana". Retrieved 2007-09-30.
- Clifton, Thomas, ed. (1913). Past and Present of Fountain and Warren Counties Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen and Company. p. 326.
- Warren County Historical Society. A History of Warren County, Indiana (1966), pages 20–25.
- Warren County Historical Society. A History of Warren County, Indiana (175th Anniversary Edition) (2002).
Pence's 1902 plat