Pendejo Cave

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Pendejo Cave is a geological feature and archaeological site located in southern New Mexico. It is a relatively small cave, only 5 meters wide, 12 meters deep, and having a maximum height of 3 meters. A number of early Native American artifacts have been found in the cave, with a total of 111 chipped tools having been found throughout the formation in three complexes with the earliest suggested to date back as far as 75,000 years.[1] Pendejo is a Spanish word and literally means "a pubic hair", but in Mexico it can also be a vulgar insult.

Archaeological history[edit]

Pendejo Cave was discovered in 1978, and twelve years later, in early 1990, the first archaeological expedition was sent to the site. Another excavation occurred one year later, in late winter and early spring of 1991. Clovis tools were found in the cave, along with tools from later Native societies. Unifacial shavers, utilized flakes, and other artifacts were uncovered and attributed to various eras, along with several examples of worked bone, including a bone awl made from the scapula of a horse, and a knife made from a rib bone.


  1. ^ MacNeish, Richard; Libby, Jane, eds. (2004). Pendejo Cave. University of New Mexico. p. 67. ISBN 978-0826324054. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 

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