|Borough of Pendle|
Shown within Lancashire and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|• Type||Pendle Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Executive:||TBA (council NOC)|
|• MPs:||Andrew Stephenson|
|• Total||65.4 sq mi (169.4 km2)|
|Population (mid-2014 est.)|
|• Rank||Ranked 264th|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (530/km2)|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|• Summer (DST)||British Summer Time (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||30UJ (ONS)
82.8% White British
0.9% White Other
0.6% White Irish
0.4% Other S.Asian
0.9% Mixed Race
0.5% Asian & White
0.2% Black Caribbean & White
0.2% Other Mixed
0.1% Black African & White
0.4% E.Asian and Other
0.1% Other E.Asian
0.2% Black African
0.1% Black Caribbean
0.0% Other Black
Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England. It adjoins the Lancashire boroughs of Burnley and Ribble Valley, the North Yorkshire district of Craven and the West Yorkshire districts of Calderdale and the City of Bradford. It has a total population of 89,840 (mid-2014 est.).
The name Pendle comes from the Cumbric word 'Pen' meaning hill (or head), a reference to Pendle Hill. Hence the name of the modern district derives from the prominent landmark at the west of the district, which already in the Middle Ages gave its name to the royal forest which spread to its east. Pendle Forest is still the name of a significant rural part of the district, though it has long ago ceased being a forest.
The area is closely associated with the trials of the Pendle witches, among the most famous such trials in English history.
Creation of the modern district
The current district with this name was created in 1974 as a result of local government reorganisation from the former Municipal Boroughs of Nelson and Colne, the former urban districts of Barnoldswick, Barrowford, Brierfield, Earby and Trawden, and from parts of Burnley Rural District and Skipton Rural District.
Elections to the borough council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 49 seats on the council being elected at each election. Since the Liberal Democrats lost overall control of the council at the 2008 election, no party has had a majority on the council. As of the 2014 election the council is composed of the following councillors:-
|British National Party||1|
Places in Pendle
|Contemporary civil parish||Medieval jurisdiction||Medieval jurisdiction||Early modern jurisdiction|
|Barley||Pendle Forest, manor of Ightenhill||Forest of Blackburnshire||Whalley, Lancashire: once a much larger parish than today.
It encompassed a large part of eastern Lancashire.
It also included areas outside of Pendle.
|Newchurch in Pendle|
|Trawden||Trawden Forest, manor of Colne|
|Cottontree and Winewall|
|Nelson||manor of Ightenhill, not in Forest||Blackburnshire, not in Forest|
|Colne||manor of Colne, not in Forest|
|Barnoldswick||Now referred to as "West Craven".
This is a part of Lancashire, which was once in the neighbouring West Riding of Yorkshire.
(Within the Wapentake of Staincliffe, Deanery of Craven.)
|Bracewell and Brogden|
- "Population estimates for UK mid-2014 analysis tool" (zip). Office for National Statistics. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "Pendle". BBC News Online. Retrieved 9 June 2014.