Pendle (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°50′42″N 2°12′14″W / 53.845°N 2.204°W / 53.845; -2.204

Pendle
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Pendle in Lancashire.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 66,735 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Barnoldswick, Colne, Nelson
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Andrew Stephenson (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Nelson and Colne, Skipton and Clitheroe[2]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Pendle is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Andrew Stephenson, a Conservative.[n 2] The constituency was newly created for the 1983 general election, being largely formed from the former Nelson and Colne Constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

The major urban centres in Pendle are Nelson and Colne, with smaller towns Barnoldswick and Earby added to existing ones such as Higham and Pendleside and Craven since boundary changes in the 1970s that brought them into Pendle Borough, Lancashire from Yorkshire.

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies calling for slight changes in the run-up to the 2010 general election since which Pendle has the same electoral wards as the Borough:

  • Barrowford; Blacko and Higherford; Boulsworth; Bradley; Brierfield; Clover Hill; Coates; Craven; Earby; Foulridge; Higham and Pendleside; Horsfield; Marsden; Old Laund Booth; Reedley; Southfield; Vivary Bridge; Walverden; Waterside; Whitefield[3]

Constituency profile[edit]

Although in 1992 this was not a bellwether, this is a key marginal with the Conservative lead over Labour being similar to the national lead in the 2010 general election. In terms of the local economy, unemployment[4] is lower than the regional average, artisan creations, tourism, manufacturing, transport, food processing, the public sector and agriculture are large sectors.[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1983 John Lee Conservative
1992 Gordon Prentice Labour
2010 Andrew Stephenson Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Pendle[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Stephenson 20,978 47.2 +8.3
Labour Azhar Ali 15,525 34.9 +4.0
UKIP Michael Waddington 5,415 12.2 +8.9
Liberal Democrat Graham Roach 1,487 3.3 −16.8
Green Laura Fisk 1,043 2.3 +2.3
Majority 5,453 12.3 +4.3
Turnout 44,448 68.7 +0.9
Conservative hold Swing +2.15
General Election 2010: Pendle[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Stephenson 17,512 38.9 +7.1
Labour Gordon Prentice 13,927 30.9 −6.2
Liberal Democrat Afzal Anwar 9,095 20.2 −3.0
BNP James D.M. Jackman 2,894 6.4 +0.2
UKIP Graham Geoffrey Cannon 1,476 3.3 +1.5
Christian Richard Masih 141 0.3 +0.3
Majority 3,585 8.0
Turnout 45,045 67.8 +4.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Pendle[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Prentice 15,250 37.1 −7.5
Conservative Jane Ellison 13,070 31.8 −2.1
Liberal Democrat Shazad Anwar 9,528 23.2 +9.4
BNP Thomas Franklynn Boocock 2,547 6.2 +1.2
UKIP Graham Geoffrey Cannon 737 1.8 −1.0
Majority 2,180 5.3
Turnout 41,132 63.4 +0.2
Labour hold Swing −2.7
General Election 2001: Pendle[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Prentice 17,729 44.6 −8.7
Conservative Rasjid Edward George Skinner 13,454 33.9 +3.6
Liberal Democrat David Michael Baxter Whipp 5,479 13.8 +2.2
BNP Chris Michael Jackson 1,976 5.0 N/A
UKIP Graham Geoffrey Cannon 1,094 2.8 N/A
Majority 4,275 10.7
Turnout 39,732 63.2 −11.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Pendle[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Prentice 25,059 53.3 +9.1
Conservative John Anthony Midgley 14,235 30.3 −10.0
Liberal Democrat Anthony Robert Greaves 5,460 11.6 −3.4
Referendum Damian Hockney 2,281 4.8 N/A
Majority 10,824 23.0 +19.0
Turnout 47,035 74.6 −8.4
Labour hold Swing +9.6
General Election 1992: Pendle[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gordon Prentice 23,497 44.2 +8.9
Conservative John Robert Louis Lee 21,384 40.3 −0.1
Liberal Democrat Alan Peter Davies 7,976 15.0 −9.3
Anti-Federalist League Mrs Valerie Mary Thome 263 0.5 N/A
Majority 2,113 4.0 −1.1
Turnout 53,120 82.9 +1.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +4.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Pendle
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Robert Louis Lee 21,009 40.4 −3.8
Labour Mrs. Sylvia Dorothy Renilson 18,370 35.3 +3.0
Liberal Arthur Gordon Lishman 12,662 24.3 +0.8
Majority 2,639 5.1
Turnout 52,041 81.8 +2.1
Conservative hold Swing −3.4
General Election 1983: Pendle
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Robert Louis Lee 22,739 44.2 N/A
Labour George Rodgers 16,604 32.3 N/A
Liberal Arthur Gordon Lishman 12,056 23.5 N/A
Majority 6,135 11.9 N/A
Turnout 51,399 79.7 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "'Pendle', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  3. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ 2001 Census
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Pendle". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/constit/199.htm
  13. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.