Penelopides

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Tarictic hornbills
Penelopides panini (Couple).jpg
Penelopides panini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Bucerotiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
Genus: Penelopides
L. Reichenbach, 1849
Species

2-5, see text

Penelopides is the genus of relatively small, primarily frugivorous hornbills found in forests of the Philippines and the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Their common name, tarictic hornbills, is an onomatopoetic reference to the main call of several of them. They have a ridged plate-like structure on the base of their mandible. All are sexually dimorphic: males of all species are whitish-buff and black, while females of all except the Mindoro hornbill are primarily black.

Taxonomy[edit]

While the taxonomic history of the Sulawesi hornbill has been uneventful, the number of species in the Philippine Archipelago has been greatly debated. Traditionally, only a single Philippine species was recognized, the tarictic hornbill (P. panini). Following a review, it was recommended that it should be split into four allopatric species, the Visayan (P. panini), Luzon (P. manillae), Mindanao (P. affinis), and Mindoro (P. mindorensis). Today most authorities accept this split, although some have recommended splitting the Samar (P. samarensis) from the Mindanao.[clarification needed]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Penelopides panini Parc des Oiseaux 21 10 2015 1.jpg Penelopides panini Visayan hornbill islands of Panay, Negros, Masbate, and Guimaras, and formerly Ticao, in the Philippines.
Polillo Tariktik-Hornvogel 2007-05-25 086.jpg Penelopides manillae Luzon hornbill Luzon and nearby islands in the northern Philippines
Penelopides affinis 2.jpg Penelopides affinis Mindanao hornbill Mindanao, Dinagat, Siargao and Basilan in the southern Philippines
Penelopides samarensis Samar hornbill islands of Samar, Calicoan, Leyte and Bohol in the east-central Philippines
Penelopides mindorensis Mindoro hornbill Mindoro in the Philippines

References[edit]

  • Kemp, A. C. (2001). Family Bucerotidae (Hornbills). pp. 436–523 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J. eds. (2001). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 6. Mousebirds to Hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-30-X