Penfeld

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Penfeld
Chateau de Brest et Tour Tanguy.jpg
Penfeld River and the arsenal of Brest
Country France
Basin features
Main source Brittany
River mouth Atlantic Ocean
48°22′40″N 4°29′38″W / 48.37778°N 4.49389°W / 48.37778; -4.49389 (Atlantic Ocean-Penfeld)Coordinates: 48°22′40″N 4°29′38″W / 48.37778°N 4.49389°W / 48.37778; -4.49389 (Atlantic Ocean-Penfeld)
Physical characteristics
Length 16 km (9.9 mi)

The Penfeld,[1] Penfell in Breton, is a 16 km (9.9 mi) long French coastal river.[2] The town of Brest, in Finistère, has grown up on its left (east) bank.

Course[edit]

Its source is in the town of Gouesnou. It then passes through Bohars and Guilers (a hamlet bearing the river's name) before flowing out into the roadstead of Brest. The Penfeld runs along the former course of the river Aulne, shifted to the west by the opening of the goulet of the roadstead of Brest by the interglacial periods of the Quaternary Era. This explains its depth, allowing deep-draught ships to go quite a way upstream, with tides running up it up to 8 m (26 ft) deep.

At Brest, the Penfeld is crossed by the Pont de l’Harteloire then, some way downstream, by the Pont de Recouvrance, the largest vertical-lift bridge in Europe until it was de-throned by the Pont Gustave-Flaubert in 2007.

In its last stretch, within embankments 25–30 m (82–98 ft) high, the Penfeld runs through the Brest naval base, and at its mouth (a site whose strategic importance has been recognised since antiquity) is the 15th-century Château de Brest.

See also[edit]

The Penfeld, upstream of the Pont de l'Harteloire

References[edit]

  1. ^ The d was added in the 17th century by a naval engineer influenced by the German word feld - the name is masculine in the Breton language.
  2. ^ The Penfeld on the SANDRE site