Penfield High School
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|Penfield High School|
|25 High School Drive
Penfield, New York
|Type||Public high school|
|Motto||PHS- Pride Honor Success|
|School district||Penfield Central School District|
|Principal||Dr. Leslie Maloney|
|Color(s)||Red, White, and Black|
Penfield High School is a public high school located in Penfield, New York, a suburb of Rochester, New York. It offers a comprehensive curriculum for students in grades 9-12. The principal is Dr. Leslie Maloney.
- 1 Academics
- 2 History
- 2.1 Penfield Seminary
- 2.2 1907 high school
- 2.3 1932 enlarged high school
- 2.4 Population growth
- 2.5 1948 school consolidation
- 2.6 1949 high school expansion
- 2.7 Annexation of Indian Landing School District
- 2.8 Teacher salaries in the 1950s
- 2.9 1958 new high school building
- 2.10 New junior high school and proposed new high school
- 2.11 Explosive growth
- 2.12 Student protest
- 3 Sports
- 4 Notable alumni
- 5 References
- 6 External links
In addition to traditional core subjects, students can choose from a variety of Advanced Placement offerings for college credit, such as AP English Language and Composition, and American Studies, which combines AP US History with the eleventh grade English Honors class, even AP Music Theory. Also offered are U.S. History and Government, American Government, biology, chemistry, physics, computer science, English, French, Spanish, mathematics and statistics. Penfield offers numerous electives in arts, music, engineering, and business. The foreign language department includes Spanish, French, German, and Latin. Vocational and alternative education experiences are also made available to students.
The predecessor of Penfield High School was the Penfield Seminary, built in 1857 at 1836 Penfield Road, near Five Mile Line Road, in the 'Four Corners' area of Penfield. The school charged admission and was built to accommodate 150 students. It operated as a private academy until 1871. In 1874, Penfield Union Free School District No. 1 purchased the building for $2,500 (USD), and the structure was used as a public school until 1907, when it was sold to the locan fire department. The building is still used by the Penfield Fire Company, and is visible behind the modern firehouse in the Four Corners. A high school graduation was mentioned in a local newspaper in 1900. The Class of 1902 consisted of three graduates.
1907 high school
A new high school building was constructed in 1907 at 2070 Five Mile Line Road, just a little north of the Four Corners. A high school alumni group was organized as early as 1912. In the fall of 1913, the high school opened for the year with a faculty of six: principal George Cooper; preceptress Mable Thomas; teachers Edna Payne (sixth and seventh grades); Cora Drummon (fourth and fifth grades); Helen Thomas (second and third grades)and Julia McNab (primary). The class of 1919 consisted of only one graduate, Luella Engelhart.
1932 enlarged high school
A major expansion of the high school was dedicated February 5, 1932. The new construction mostly replaced the older building, which remained as a small wing on the north side of the building. The new building was faced in brick, Colonial in design, three stories high, with eight class rooms, and a combination gymnasium and auditorium seating 500. Altogether the combined grade and high school building consisted of about 40,000 square feet of space. The addition was constructed for $200,000 (USD) and designed for a capacity of 450 students. At the time of dedication, the total attendance was 265 students, of which 67 were in the high school. In September 1934, Penfield High School has five "post graduates", four seniors, eleven juniors, thirty-seven sophomores, and forty-three freshmen.
The Town of Penfield, New York had been created in 1840, when it was set off from the Town of Webster, New York. The population of the town was primarily rural, and was about 3,000 from the 1840s to the 1930s. In 1930 the census population of Penfield was 3,306, and in 1940 it had increased to 3,774. Penfield's growth as a suburb of Rochester, New York took off after 1950 when the population more than doubled in the next decade (4,851 in 1950 to 12,601 in 1960), doubled again in the next decade (23,732 in 1970) and continued to rise in the following years (30,654 in 2000 census).
In 1948, the number of incoming kindergarten students in Monroe County was double from four years earlier, and was expected to double again by 1952.
1948 school consolidation
In 1947, school children in the Town of Penfield were served by eleven "common" school districts, each of which had, at one time, its own small grammar school building (often a one room school house), and the Penfield Union Free School District, which operated the high school on Five Mile Line Road. New York State adopted a master plan that year to consolidate small school districts into central schools.
Movement to consolidate the school districts in Penfield began in late 1947, when several petitioned the State Education Department to create a central district.
The Penfield Central School District was created in 1948 by combining five of the common school districts in the Town of Penfield (Districts 2, 3. 5. 7 and 8), an adjourning common school district in Wayne County (Macedon-Walworth Common School District #12) and the Penfield Union Free School District (District 1). The district voters overwhelmingly approved the reorganization on June 24, 1948, by a vote of 407 to 55. The new school district contained between 450 and 500 students, which would attend the combined grammar and high school on Five Mile Line Road and the "little Red" school house on Atlantic Avenue and Creek Street in Penfield.
Four common school districts in the northern end of Penfield were combined with school districts in Webster and two districts that included parts of the Towns of Ontario and Walworth in Wayne County to create the Webster Central School District.
1949 high school expansion
Due to this rapidly increasing population and school consolidation, a further expansion of the high school building on Five Mile Line Drive was approved in 1949. Five and one half acres of land was acquired in the rear of the existing building. The expansion added a gymnasium, expanded facilities, and a new 14 room elementary school in the rear of the building. The cost of the expansion was $565,000 (USD). The expenses school building was designed for 800 students. The old gymnasium was turned into an auditorium and the new addition included a double gymnasium.
The expended school opened in 1951, but a year later the district was planning to move the first four grades of the elementary students out to allow for more high school students. District voters approved a new 20 room elementary school building in December 1953
Annexation of Indian Landing School District
The future growth of Penfield High School accelerated rapidly in 1954 with the annexation of the Indian Landing School District (Brighton District #7) to the Penfield Central School District. The Town of Brighton is located immediately south of the City of Rochester and, though smaller than Penfield, experienced suburban growth earlier than Penfield (while the population of Penfield in 1940 was 3,774, Brighton's population that year was 13,132). The Indian Landing School District was located at the eastern end of the town, east of East Avenue. The district operated its own grammar school on Landing Road for grades 1 through 8, and graduates went to Brighton High School or Monroe High School in the city of Rochester, with the school district paying the tuition. Before World War II, the Indian Landing school was fairly small, graduating, for example, only nine students from eighth grade in 1936, increasing to 27 graduates by 1941 In 1941, Indian Landing School District residents voted to build a new building, at a cost of $190,000. Construction was delayed by the war (, but authorization for the new school, at 16 class rooms and an anticipated cost of $470,000 was granted by the New York State Education Department in 1946. The new elementary school, still standing, opened at 702 Landing Road North, in 1949. Nine classrooms were added two years later, yet by 1953 the building was overcrowded again. Meanwhile, Brighton High School, first opened in 1931, with its current building opening in 1940, was reaching capacity.
In 1954, officials at Brighton School District #1, which operated Brighton High, informed Indian Landing officials that their high school was reaching capacity and could not assure that the high school would accept new Indian Landing students after 1955. The Indian Landing district had only two alternatives: build their own small high school, which would have been expensive, or be annexed by Penfield Central, located to the east. The merger would significantly increase the student population of the enlarged school district, as the Indian Landing student population (over 800 in 1953 ) was nearly as large as the entire Penfield Central population. The Indian Landing district voted for the annexation in April 1954, and the voters of Penfield approved the merger three months later.
Following the merger Indian Landing students already attending Brighton High School could continue there, but new graduates of the grammar school would attend Penfield High. Penfield school officials supported the merger as it would increase the high school population to a size allowing a larger high school program and more varied curriculum. The addition of the Brighton territory also greatly increased the tax basis of the while district, as the assessed valuation of the real estate in the Indian Landing School District was $10.5 million (USD), nearly twice that of the pre-annixation Penfield Central District ($5.6 million)
The annexation greatly sped up plans for a new Penfield High School building. Even prior to the merger, Penfield planned to build a new elementary school behind the Five Mile Line Grammar and High School building, on a site that a few years later would be the site of the new high school. With the addition of Indian Landing students, two new Penfield elementary schools were quickly planned. The school that would have been on the future high school site was instead built further away on Baird Road, and an identical school was built on Atlantic Avenue; meanwhile a new high school building was anticipated to be built by 1957. In 1955, plans for a new high school for 750 students, with the existing Five Mile Line building being converted to a Junior High School were being proposed. These plans were being proposed while the Five Mile Line building still housed the district's only elementary school, other than Indian Landing, and the high school graduating class in 1955 was still only 25 students.
In the fall of 1955, in a race against time, the 585 junior and senior high school students in the Five Mile Line building had to go to split sessions, with grades 9 through 12 attending from 8 am to 12:15 pm, and grades 7 and 8 attending 12:15 pm to 4:37 pm. The double schedule continued until the Atlantic Avenue school was completed later that school year and elementary school students could be moved out of the Five Mile Line Road building. The Atlantic Avenue Elementary School partially opened February 20, 1956, allowing 360 students from Grades 2 through 5 to transfer out of the overcrowded high school building on Five Mile Line Road. Split sessions at the high school and junior high ended a week later.
Teacher salaries in the 1950s
In the 1956-57 school year, starting salaries for teachers in the Penfield Central School District was increased to $3,700 per year, which was second highest in Monroe County (Brighton School District #1, which operated Brighton High School, paid starting teachers $50 more) and $400 higher than the starting salary for teachers in the Rochester City School District.
1958 new high school building
On January 31, 1956, Penfield voters approved purchasing 25 acres of land between the existing high school and the new elementary school being built on Baird Road, thereby linking the two parcels. The newly purchased land was intended for a new high school building, and increased the size of the School District's campus from Five Mile Line Road to Baird Road to 61 acres. The district also acquired a 100-foot strip of land from Five Mile Line Road to the newly acquired property, which became the high school access roadway.
The district proposed to the public that they build a new high school with 31 classrooms for 950 students, at a cost of $2,600,000 (USD), and, separately, proposed a pool for the new school at a cost of $150,000. However, Penfield voters defeated both proposals on April 10, 1956. A majority had voted for the proposal (1,089 in favor, 813 against), but a two-thirds majority was required to pass this particular bond issue, as the district had exceeded its legal debt limit with the two elementary schools it was building.
The district resubmitted the high school proposal for a second vote, without the swimming pool option, but voters again failed to approve it by the required two thirds majority May 21, 1956. The second vote was 1,736 in favor, 898 against, and, for some unknown reason, 133 votes incorrectly cast and invalidated.
The proposal was submitted to the voters a third time in less than three months, on June 21, 1956. School officials warned that even if approved the new building would not be completed by the beginning of the 1958-59 school year, and the high school would have to go back on split sessions. The high school construction project was finally approved on the third vote, by a vote of 2,615 in favor, 1,071 opposed, and 22 votes blank.
The new high school building was constructed at a cost of $13.70 per square foot, which was $5.03 lower than the average new school construction costs in New York State at the time. Architects for the project were C. Storrs Barrows & Associates, who had served as architects for the district since 1931.
The two-story academic wing included the following: 1) a three room home economics suite, which included four kitchens, sewing and laundry center; 2) an audio visual screening and work room; 3) a library accommodating 8,000 books; 4) a business education area with secretarial practice and typing practice rooms; 5) a double-size art room, with kiln; 6) chemistry, physics, biology and general science rooms, each with laboratories separated from the classroom space; 7) four math classrooms; 8) four citizenship education class rooms; 9) six English classrooms.<fef name =bargain/>
The new building also included: 1) a cafeteria with seating for 500; 2) wood and metal shop classrooms, with the metal shop designed with a garage door entrance to accommodate auto shop education; 3) an auditorium seating 1,000, with a stage 68 feet wide and 28 feet deep; 3) a double-size gymnasium 110 feet by 90 feet, with a motor driven partition, allowing it to be separated it into two sections, and bleacher seating for 1,500 spectators, plus locker and shower rooms and 5) offices for administrators, guidance counselors and school nurses.
The new high school building opened in 1958. The old high school building on Five Mile Line Drive was converted into a Junior High School, housing grades 6 through 8. School officials wished to move the sixth grade out of the junior high, but the three elementary schools (Indian Landing, Atlantic Avenue and Baird Road) were already at full capacity. The district proposed building a fourth elementary school on the Panorama Plaza area, on the west side of Panorama Trail Road about five hundred feet from Penfield Road, at a cost of $1,450,000 (USD). The proposed school would be built on a 26-acre parcel and would have had capacity for 800 students. The anticipated cost was reduced to $1290,000 before a vote on the bond issue, but voters rejected the proposal by a vote of 726 against, 500 in favor. Officials concluded that the proposed location, near an active commercial area, caused the defeat, so the school district revised the plan, proposing the school be located on Gebhardt Road, just south of the Five Mile Line entrance to the high school, to be built for $1,235,000, and to be opened by the 1961-62 school year. This proposal passed, by a vote of 1014 to 788. The school, known as Cobbles Elementary School, is located at 140 Gebhardt Road, Penfield, and currently has an enrollment of 500 students, from kindergarten to fifth grade.
New junior high school and proposed new high school
The school district acquired a 47-acre site at the north east corner of Atlantic Avenue and Scribner Road, at a cost of $125,000, and commenced construction of its fifth elementary school there in 1963. The new school Scribner Road had a capacity for 600 students and at a cost of $1,065,000 (USD). The plan was to add a junior high school and, eventually, a second Senior High School on the parcel. The new junior high school, Bay Trail, was constructed on the site for $2,975,000 (USD), with a capacity for 700 students The new junior high school opened September 1966 with 786 students, the high school ninth graders were moved into the two junior highs.
With the opening of the new Bay Trail Junior High School, the older junior high school (the former high school building on Five Mile Line Drive, now renamed Denonville Junior High School) was renovated, at a cost of $1,721,000 (USD). The oldest wing of the building, the original 1907 building, was demolished and replaced with new construction, while the 1932 and 1952 wings were remodeled. The Denonville Junior High School building (later named Denonville Middle School) was closed in 1980 due to declining enrollment. The Charles Finney School, a private Christian High School, purchased the former Denonville building in 1991.
As of 2000, the enrollment in the Penfield Central School District, including those from eastern Brighton, reached 5,076, and an additional 1,546 students living in the northern end of the Town of Penfield were enrolled in the Webster Central School District (total Webster enrollment that year was 8,281).
With rapid suburban growth and the addition of the Indian Landing school district, the size of the graduation class from Penfield High School, unchanged in the decade preceding 1955, grew tenfold in the next ten years. From a class of 25 students in 1955, the number of graduates doubled to 48 in 1958, doubled again in one year to 91 in 1959, increased to 146 in 1961, 160 a year later, 186 in 1963, 259 in 1964, and to 280 in 1966.
The first recorded protest by high school students at Penfield was a cafeteria boycott in 1959. On January 14, only about 13 of the 600 high school students purchased lunch at the cafeteria; the rest brought food from home. Students complained that portions were too small and lacked variety. Wallace J. Howell, the high school principal, met with student leaders that afternoon, and settled the dispute. With tongue somewhat in cheek, the editorial page of the metropolitan newspaper saluted the student's "gastronomical gusto" revolt against bland food.
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Penfield is a Class AA school in Section V for New York state. It competes against the largest schools in the state for sectional and state championships. Penfield Varsity Soccer is the nation's #8 program in all-time wins in high school soccer. Previously known as the Penfield Chiefs with the Mascot of a Native American Indian Chief in full feather head dress. The longtime Boys' and Girls' cross country, indoor, and outdoor track head coach, Dave Hennessey, holds the record for the most high school cross country wins in national history with over 900.
- Boys' volleyball: 1987, 1989, 1994, 2009, 2017
- Boys' soccer: 2001, 2002, 2004
- Girls' volleyball: 2005, 2011, 2017
- Girls' gymnastics: 2004, 2006
Section V titles
- Boys' Baseball: 1975, 2009, 2010, 2012
- Boys' Cross country: 1994, 2005, 2007
- Boys' Indoor track: 1997
- Boys' Lacrosse: 1992, 1993, 2000, 2006, 2013
- Boys' Soccer: 1949, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1966, 1970, 1976, 1977, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2010
- Boys' Tennis: 1988,2001, 2002, 2003
- Boys' Volleyball:1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1994, 2000, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2017
- Boys' Wrestling (Class AA): 2010
- Girls' Lacrosse: 1997, 2007, 2012, 2013
- Girls' Tennis: 2003, 2008, 2009
- Girls' Gymnastics: 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
- Girls' Indoor Track: 2011
- Girls' Basketball: 2009, 2012
- Men's Bowling: 2011
- Girls' Swimming 2009
- Girls' Cross Country 2010
- Girls' Field Hockey 2003
- Girls' Track and Field 2012
- Cheerleading: Winter 2013, Fall 2013, Winter 2014, Fall 2015
In 1950 Penfield High School beat Scottsville 5-2 to win the Class C Monroe County Soccer Championship.
- Actor Pete Duel
- Former professional wrestler and adult actress Chyna
- Former professional footballer Josh Bolton
- Former professional footballer Joe Mercik
- Former musician Zach Gage
- Penfield High School website
- Images of America: Penfield, by Martin M. Wamp, 2004
- "Rochester Images - School Heritage Collection". libraryweb.org. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
- New York (State) (1871). Laws of the State of New York. p. 1100. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
- "Penfield: Seminary was built in 1857 | Democrat and Chronicle | democratandchronicle.com". roc.democratandchronicle.com. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
- "Penfield Fire Company: History". penfieldfire.org. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
- Monroe County Mail, June 28, 1900
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 20, 1902, pg. 5
- Rochester Times Union, Oct. 5, 1953
- Fairport Herald, July 31, 1912, pg 9 (Note: this and most newspaper citations in this article are available online at OldFulton.com)
- Fairport Herald, August 27, 1913, pg 7
- Monroe County Mail, June 19, 1919, pg 2
- Fairport Harold Mail February 11, 1932
- Fairport Herald Mail, September 20, 1934, pg 8
- A Brief History of Penfield, www.penfield.org/index.php?pr=dpt-historian-paste
- Historic Perspective of the Town of Penfield: www.penfield.org/media/plan-sec3_histpersp.pdf
- Rochester Times Union, June 18, 1945; note: Newspaper references in this article after 1945 from the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle and the Times Union are generally available in the newspaper clipping file maintained by the Local History Department of the Rochester Public Library, Rochester NY
- Rochester Times Union June 14, 1946
- Rochester Times Union June 26, 1950
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 26, 1951
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, August 15, 1948, pg. 3B
- For a definition of "common" and "union free" school districts in New York State, and background on the 1947 master plan of consolidation, see the introduction to "School District Organization" at the web site for the New York State Department of Education: www.p12.nysed.gov/mgtserv/sch_dist_org/GuideToReorganizationOfSchoolDistricts.htm
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle November 19, 1947
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 25, 1948.
- Rochester Times Union June 25, 1948. For the school on Atlantic Avenue, see Rochester Times Union, July 22, 1947
- Rochester Times Union December 8, 1949
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle Nov. 17, 1949
- Fairport Herald Mail, November 17, 1949, pg. 8
- Rochester NY Democrat and Chronicle Dec. 8, 1949
- Rochester Times Union May 24, 1950
- Rochester Times Union May 12, 1953.
- Rochester Times Union, December 2, 1953
- Down Memory Lane with Brighton Schools; Historical Brighton News Vol. 8, Number 4, Fall 2007
- Rochester Democrat & Chronicle June 18, 1936 p. 9
- Democrat and Chronicle June 18, 1941, p. 24
- Democrat & Chronicle June 7, 1941, p. 14
- Democrat & Chronicle April 22, 1942, p. 13
- Democrat and Chronicle July 3, 1946, p. 15
- Democrat & Chronicle Feb. 8, 1949 p. 15
- Democrat & Chronicle Oct. 10-1953, p. 29
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle January 26, 1954
- Democrat & Chronicle Sept. 6, 1953, p. 19
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle April 2, 1954
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle July 7, 1954
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, April 16, 1954
- Fairport Harold Mail, June 17, 1954, letter by John J. Hall
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 3, 1954, comments of Elmer Peck, principal of Penfield High School
- Rochester Times Union July 21, 1954
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, March 31, 1955
- Rochester Times Union June 23, 1955
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, August 16, 1955
- Rochester Times Union, November 26, 1955
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle February 21, 1956
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, January 15, 1956
- Rochester Times Union, February 1, 1956
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle February 1, 1956
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle March 13, 1956
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle April 11, 1956
- Rochester Times Union, May 22, 1956
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 8, 1956
- Rochester Times Union, June 22, 1956
- Rochester Times Union, April 17, 1957
- Rochester Times Union, June 12, 1957
- Rochester Daily Record March 20, 1958
- Rochester Times Union February 13, 1959.
- Rochester Times Union, February 13, 1959
- Rochester Times Union, May 26, 1959
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, May 26, 1959
- Rochester Times Union June 10, 1959
- Rochester Times Union June 29, 1959
- Rochester Times Union, August 28, 1959
- October 11, 1959
- "Cobbles Elementary". penfield.edu. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
- Rochester Times Union November 5, 1963
- Rochester Times Union August 3, 1965
- Rochester Times Union, September 9, 1965
- Rochester Times Union August 24, 1966
- Fairport Herald Mail August 25, 1982, pg. 11
- "The Charles Finney School > At a Glance > History". finneyschool.org. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
- Rochester Times Union, June 20, 1958
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 19, 1959
- Rochester Times Union, June 19, 1961
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 16, 1962
- Rochester Times Union, June 3, 1963
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 7, 1964
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 9, 1966
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, January 15, 1959
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, January 19, 1959
- Krider, Dave. "Dave Hennessey has national-record 907 cross country wins". Maxpreps. CBS Sports. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
- Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, October 22, 1950