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Peng (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PronunciationPéng (Mandarin)
Pang (Cantonese)
Phàng (Hakka)
Phêⁿ, Phîⁿ (Minnan)
Language(s)Chinese, Indonesian, Vietnamese, Korean
Language(s)Old Chinese
DerivationPeng Zu
Meaningdrum beats
Other names
Variant form(s)Peng (Mandarin)
Pang, Phang (Cantonese, Hakka)
Peh (Teochew)
Phi, Phe, Phee (Hokkien)
Bành (Vietnamese)
Pangestu (Indonesian)

Peng (Chinese: ; pinyin: Péng; alternative forms of romanization include Pang and Phang (Cantonese, Hakka), Pangestu or Pangestoe (Indonesian), and Bành (Vietnamese)) is a common Chinese family name, ranking 35th most common in 2006. It is the 47th name on the Hundred Family Surnames poem.


The character (彭) is composed of (zhǔ meaning "drum") and a pictograph (shān representing "beats"). More commonly used as a surname, this character is also an adjective, meaning "big".[1]


The surname Peng (彭) is traced to the legend of Peng Zu, God of Longevity, who legend tells lived 800 years. During the Shang dynasty, Jian Keng, a descendant of Zhuanxu, was granted the feudal territory Dapeng (Great Peng), and later adopted the name, Peng Zu.[2][3]


In 2019 it was the 31st most common surname in Mainland China.[4]

Of the top 30 cities in China, 彭 ranked 9th most common in the city of Changsha.[5]

Korean surname[edit]

The same surname character is also found in Korea, where it is pronounced Paeng (Korean). According to South Korea's 2000 Census, 2,825 people in 918 households had this surname.[6] There are two major clan lineages for this surname, each with a different bon-gwan (seat of a clan lineage, not necessarily the actual residence of clan members). The more common one, Jeolgang Paeng (1,578 people in 515 households), claims descent from Paeng U-deok (彭友德), who came from Zhejiang (pronounced Jeolgang in Sino-Korean reading), China to the Korean peninsula during the reign of King Seonjo of Joseon (r. 1567–1608).[7] The less common one, Yonggang Paeng clan (795 people in 259 households), claims descent from Paeng Jeok (彭逖), who came from Jinling, China to the Korean peninsula in the retinue of Princess Noguk during the reign of King Chungjeong of Goryeo (r. 1348–1351). Yonggang (Ryonggang) is located in an area that became part of North Korea after the division of Korea.[6][8]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Learn Chinese Characters". Retrieved 2006-12-12.
  2. ^ "Chinese surname history: Peng". People's Daily. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-12-12.
  3. ^ Chao, Sheau-yueh J. (2001). In Search of Your Asian Roots. Clearfield. ISBN 0-8063-4946-8.
  4. ^ "新京报 - 好新闻,无止境".
  5. ^ "https://www.douban.com/group/topic/23803598/"(Chinese)
  6. ^ a b "행정구역(구시군)/성씨·본관별 가구 및 인구" [Family names by administrative region (district, city, county): separated by bon-gwan, households and individuals]. Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  7. ^ "성씨유래검색: 팽(彭)". Daejeon: Jokbo Museum. Retrieved 20 November 2017. The Jokbo Museum cites the following work for their pages on family names: 김진우 (2009). 한국인 의 역사 [The History of Koreans]. 春秋筆法 [Chunchu Pilbeop]. OCLC 502157619.
  8. ^ "韩国研究". 韩国研究. 6: 238. 2002.