Phêⁿ, Phîⁿ (Minnan)
|Language(s)||Chinese, Indonesian, Vietnamese, Korean|
|Variant form(s)||Peng (Mandarin)|
Pang, Phang (Cantonese, Hakka)
Phi, Phe, Phee (Hokkien)
Peng (Chinese: 彭; pinyin: Péng; alternative forms of romanization include Pang and Phang (Cantonese, Hakka), Pangestu or Pangestoe (Indonesian), and Bành (Vietnamese)) is a common Chinese family name, ranking 35th most common in 2006. It is the 47th name on the Hundred Family Surnames poem.
The character (彭) is composed of 壴 (zhǔ meaning "drum") and a pictograph (shān representing "beats"). More commonly used as a surname, this character is also an adjective, meaning "big".
The surname Peng (彭) is traced to the legend of Peng Zu, God of Longevity, who legend tells lived 800 years. During the Shang dynasty, Jian Keng, a descendant of Zhuanxu, was granted the feudal territory Dapeng (Great Peng), and later adopted the name, Peng Zu.
In 2019 it was the 31st most common surname in Mainland China.
Of the top 30 cities in China, 彭 ranked 9th most common in the city of Changsha.
The same surname character is also found in Korea, where it is pronounced Paeng (Korean: 팽). According to South Korea's 2000 Census, 2,825 people in 918 households had this surname. There are two major clan lineages for this surname, each with a different bon-gwan (seat of a clan lineage, not necessarily the actual residence of clan members). The more common one, Jeolgang Paeng (1,578 people in 515 households), claims descent from Paeng U-deok (彭友德), who came from Zhejiang (pronounced Jeolgang in Sino-Korean reading), China to the Korean peninsula during the reign of King Seonjo of Joseon (r. 1567–1608). The less common one, Yonggang Paeng clan (795 people in 259 households), claims descent from Paeng Jeok (彭逖), who came from Jinling, China to the Korean peninsula in the retinue of Princess Noguk during the reign of King Chungjeong of Goryeo (r. 1348–1351). Yonggang (Ryonggang) is located in an area that became part of North Korea after the division of Korea.
- Adrian Pang (彭耀顺; born 1966), Singaporean Chinese actor
- Diana Pang (彭丹; born 1972), Hong Kong dancer and actress
- Jacqueline Pang (彭晴; born 1974), Hong Kong radio announcer and author
- Pang Siew Fum (彭秀芳), Malaysian drug trafficker serving life imprisonment in Singapore
- Stella Pang (彭慧芝), Hong Kong engineer
- Prajogo Pangestu (彭雲鵬), Indonesian tycoon
- Peng Bo, Olympic diving medalist
- Peng Chang-kuei(彭長貴), Taiwanese chef.
- Peng Cheng-min (彭政閔), a Taiwanese baseball player
- Peng Chong, a former Chinese politburo member
- Peng Dehuai (彭德怀), the Chinese Communist Party military leader, Marshal of the People's Republic of China.
- Peng Lei (彭蕾), Chinese business executive at Alibaba Group
- Peng Liyuan (彭丽媛), Wife of Chinese Paramount leader Xi Jinping, public figure in her own right.
- Peng Ming-min (彭明敏), Taiwan independence activist, DPP politician and first opposition candidate in a Taiwan presidential election
- Peng Pai (彭湃), a pioneer of the Chinese agrarian movement and peasants' rights activist
- Peng Sheng-chu, Director-General of National Security Bureau of the Republic of China
- Peng Shilu (彭士禄), the "father of China's nuclear submarines" and the "father of China's naval nuclear propulsion", as the first chief designer of China's nuclear submarines
- Peng Shige (彭实戈), a Chinese mathematician
- Peng Shuai (彭帅), professional tennis player
- Peng Wan-ru, Taiwanese politician and feminist
- Peng Xiuwen (彭修文), conductor and composer
- Peng Yang (彭羕), Han Dynasty official who served Liu Bei
- Yiliang "Doublelift" Peng, a professional League of Legends player for Team Liquid
- Peng Zhen (彭真), a leading member of the Chinese Communist Party
- The Pang Brothers (born 1955), Hong Kong, twin brothers Danny Pang Fat (彭發) and Oxide Pang Chun (彭順), screenwriters and film directors
- Peng Qi, fictional character from the 14th century novel, Water Margin
- Eddie Peng Yu-Yan (彭于晏), Canadian-Taiwanese actor
- Peng Yuchang (彭昱暢), Chinese actor
- Peng Xiaoran (彭小苒), Chinese actress
- Peng Fai-nan, Governor of the Central Bank of the Republic of China (1998–2018)
- Pong Cheng-sheng, Deputy Mayor of Taipei
- Peng Jiasheng (彭家聲), leader of the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army
- List of common Chinese surnames
- Pang (surname)
- Penck (surname)
- Five Great Clans of the New Territories
- Fanling Wai
- ^ "Learn Chinese Characters". Retrieved 2006-12-12.
- ^ "Chinese surname history: Peng". People's Daily. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-12-12.
- ^ Chao, Sheau-yueh J. (2001). In Search of Your Asian Roots. Clearfield. ISBN 0-8063-4946-8.
- ^ "新京报 - 好新闻，无止境".
- ^ "https://www.douban.com/group/topic/23803598/"(Chinese)
- ^ a b "행정구역(구시군)/성씨·본관별 가구 및 인구" [Family names by administrative region (district, city, county): separated by bon-gwan, households and individuals]. Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- ^ "성씨유래검색: 팽(彭)". Daejeon: Jokbo Museum. Retrieved 20 November 2017. The Jokbo Museum cites the following work for their pages on family names: 김진우 (2009). 한국인 의 역사 [The History of Koreans]. 春秋筆法 [Chunchu Pilbeop]. OCLC 502157619.
- ^ "韩国研究". 韩国研究. 6: 238. 2002.