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|Chairperson of the Red Cross Society of China|
|Preceded by||Qian Zhengying|
|Succeeded by||Hua Jianmin|
|President of the All-China Women's Federation|
|Preceded by||Chen Muhua|
|Succeeded by||Gu Xiulian|
|Chairperson of National Family Planning Commission|
January 1988 – March 1998
|Preceded by||Wang Wei (王伟)|
|Succeeded by||Zhang Weiqing (张维庆)|
Liuyang, Hunan, China
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Tsinghua University|
Peng was admitted to the National Southwestern Associated University at 15. She graduated from Qinghua University and joined the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) in 1946. She held several positions in the CPC branches in public education institutions. She was assigned to the deputy secretary of the CPC committee in Beijing University before she was denounced by Nie Yuanzi, demoted and sent to the countryside in the Cultural Revolution.
Peng was rehabilitated near the end of the Cultural Revolution. She entered the Ministry of Education and became the vice minister before she was assigned the Minister of the National Family Planning Commission. In 1993 she became a member of the State Council. In 1998, she was elected the Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and the Chairwoman of the All-China Women's Federation. In 1999, she was elected the Chairperson of the Red Cross Society of China. She was reelected to the same position in 2004.
Peng married Wang Hanbin, a Chinese politician who was also elected the Vice Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and CPC Central Committee. The couple have four children.
- "Biography of Peng Peiyun". China Vitae. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- The A to Z of the Chinese Cultural Revolution By Guo Jian, Yongyi Song, Yuan Zhou, Rowman & Littlefield, Sep 30, 2009, page 219
- *Dong, Guoqiang (2010). "The First Uprising of the Cultural Revolution at Nanjing University". Journal of Cold War Studies. 12 (3): 30–49. doi:10.1162/JCWS_a_00002.
- Peng Peiyun's Women's Work: Equality, Development and Peace, by Peng Peiyun, China Women Publishing House, 2005, Abstract
| Chairperson of All-China Women's Federation
Wang Wei (chair)
| Chairperson of National Family Planning Commission
| Chairperson of the Red Cross Society of China