Penguin Island (South Shetland Islands)

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Penguin Island
King George Island map-en.svg
King George Island
Penguin Island is located in Antarctic Peninsula
Penguin Island
Penguin Island
Location of Penguin Island
Penguin Island is located in Antarctica
Penguin Island
Penguin Island
Penguin Island (Antarctica)
Geography
LocationAntarctica
Coordinates62°06′00″S 57°55′41″W / 62.10000°S 57.92806°W / -62.10000; -57.92806Coordinates: 62°06′00″S 57°55′41″W / 62.10000°S 57.92806°W / -62.10000; -57.92806
Length1.7 km (1.06 mi)
Width1.4 km (0.87 mi)
Highest elevation180 m (590 ft)
Highest pointDeacon Peak
Administration
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited
Penguin Island
Highest point
Elevation180 m (590 ft)
Coordinates62°06′S 57°56′W / 62.10°S 57.93°W / -62.10; -57.93
Geography
LocationAntarctica
Topo mapUSGS
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption1905 (?)

Penguin Island (also known as Georges Island, Île Pingouin, Isla Pingüino, and Penguin Isle) is one of the smaller of the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica.

History[edit]

Penguin Island was sighted in January 1820 by a British expedition under Edward Bransfield, and so named by him because penguins occupied the shores of the island.[1]

Description[edit]

The island, which is ice-free and oval shaped, 1.4 km (0.87 mi) wide by 1.7 km (1.1 mi) long, lies close off the south coast of the much larger King George Island, and marks the eastern side of the entrance to King George Bay. It has a shoreline of low cliffs, with a beach on the north coast providing access. There is a small lake in the north-east.[2] It is capped by Deacon Peak, a basaltic scoria cone. Deacon Peak was last thought to be active about 300 years ago. Petrel Crater, a maar crater, is located on the east side of the island, and is thought to have last erupted in or around 1905.[3]

Important Bird Area[edit]

The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports a wide range of seabirds including a breeding colony of over 600 pairs of southern giant petrels. Other birds nesting at the site include Adélie and chinstrap penguins, Antarctic terns and kelp gulls. Weddell and southern elephant seals regularly haul out.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Penguin Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
  2. ^ a b "Penguin Island, King George Island". BirdLife data zone: Important Bird Areas. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
  3. ^ LeMasurier, W. E.; Thomson, J. W., eds. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. American Geophysical Union. p. 512 pp. ISBN 0-87590-172-7.|Club Penguin

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Penguin Island (South Shetland Islands)" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).

External links[edit]