Peninsular Arabic

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Peninsular Arabic
Southern Arabic
Arabian Peninsula
Linguistic classificationAfro-Asiatic

Peninsular Arabic, or Southern Arabic, are the varieties of Arabic spoken throughout the Arabian Peninsula. This includes the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Southern Iraq and the tribal people of Jordan (the native Jordanians).

As this area is the homeland of the Arabic language, the language spoken there is closer to Classical Arabic than elsewhere. Some of the local dialects have retained many archaic features lost in other dialects, such as the conservation of nunation for indeterminate nouns. They retain most Classical syntax and vocabulary but still have some differences from Classical Arabic like the other dialects.


An overview of the different Arabic varieties
Approximate historical distribution of Semitic languages

The following varieties are usually noted:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Arabian Peninsula Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.