Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Melbourne
George Stubbs 007 (cropped).jpg
Personal details
Born (1745-01-29)29 January 1745
Died 22 July 1828(1828-07-22) (aged 83)
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Milbanke
Children
Father Sir Matthew Lamb, 1st Baronet

Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne (29 January 1745 – 22 July 1828), known as Sir Peniston Lamb, 2nd Baronet, from 1768 to 1770, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1768 to 1793. He was the father of Prime Minister William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.

Early life[edit]

Lamb was the son of Sir Matthew Lamb, 1st Baronet, and his wife Charlotte (née Coke). He was educated at Eton College from 1755 to 1762 and entered Lincolns Inn in 1769. He succeeded in the baronetcy on his father's death on 6 November 1768 and inherited Melbourne Hall in Derbyshire. He married Elizabeth Milbanke (1751–1818), daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, 5th Baronet, on the 13th April 1769.[1] She was a young woman of great beauty, intelligence and strong character, who quickly came to dominate her husband completely, and steered them into the centre of polite society. In 1770 he began, as Melbourne House, what is now The Albany in London.

Political career[edit]

At the 1768 general election Lamb was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Ludgershall. In 1770 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Lord Melbourne, Baron of Kilmore, in the County of Cavan, but as it was an Irish peerage he was allowed to remain in the House of Commons. He was returned unopposed again as MP for Ludgershall at the elections in 1774 and 1780.[1] In 1781 he was created Viscount Melbourne, of Kilmore in the County of Cavan, also in the Peerage of Ireland.[2] He was appointed Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales in 1783 and held the position until 1796. At the 1784 general election he stood for Malmesbury and was again returned unopposed.[1] He switched again in 1790 and was returned unopposed at Newport, Isle of Wight. He resigned his seat in 1793 for his son Peniston.[3]

Later life[edit]

Lord Melbourne became Lord of the Bedchamber in 1812. In 1815 he was even further honoured when he was made Baron Melbourne, of Melbourne in the County of Derby, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom,[4] which gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He died on 22 July 1828, aged 83 and was succeeded in his titles by his son William.[1]

Family[edit]

Lady Melbourne with her eldest son

Melbourne and his wife had six children.

Only the first-born son can be definitively attributed to Lord Melbourne due to his wife's many affairs.[5] George is reputed to be the son of George IV, with William and Emily allegedly fathered by Lord Egremont.[6]

Whether Melbourne was made unhappy by his wife's affairs is unclear: he was a mild, easygoing and rather stupid man who avoided trouble, and invariably deferred to his wife, who was by far the stronger and more intelligent partner in the marriage.[7] Their one serious quarrel was caused by the death of their eldest son Pen (who was undoubtedly Melbourne's child); he angrily refused to make the same allowance to William (who was almost certainly not Melbourne's child) as he had given Pen, suggesting that he felt some degree of resentment of his wife's conduct. Lady Melbourne, on her side, tolerated his affair with the courtesan Sophia Baddeley. Nathaniel Wraxall wrote of Melbourne that he was "principally known by the distinguished place that he occupies in the annals of meretricious pleasure, the memoirs of Mrs. Bellamy or Mrs. Baddeley, the sirens and courtesans of a former age".[1]

Melbourne's children regarded him with what has been described as "kindly contempt": his daughter Emily said that he was always going wrong and they were always having to put him right, and that although he was not a heavy drinker, he always seemed drunk.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "LAMB, Peniston (1745-1828), of Brocket Hall, Herts. and Melbourne Hall, Derbys". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "No. 12146". The London Gazette. 19 December 1780. p. 2. 
  3. ^ "LAMB, Sir Peniston, 2nd Bt., 1st Visct. Melbourne [I] (1745-1828), of Brocket Hall, Herts. and Melbourne Hall, Derbys". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "No. 17041". The London Gazette. 18 July 1815. p. 1459. 
  5. ^ Lord David Cecil Melbourne Pan Books Edition 1965 p.20
  6. ^ Cecil p.20
  7. ^ Cecil p.20
  8. ^ Cecil p.20

Sources[edit]

  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Whately
John Paterson
Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
17681784
With: Lord Garlies 1768–1774
Whitshed Keene 1774
Lord George Gordon 1774–1780
George Selwyn 1780–1784
Succeeded by
George Selwyn
Nathaniel Wraxall
Preceded by
Viscount Fairford
John Calvert
Member of Parliament for Malmesbury
17841790
With: Viscount Maitland 1784–1790
Paul Benfield 1790
Succeeded by
Paul Benfield
Benjamin Bond-Hopkins
Preceded by
Edward Rushworth
George Byng
Member of Parliament for
Newport (Isle of Wight)

1790–1793
With: Viscount Palmerston
Succeeded by
Viscount Palmerston
Peniston Lamb
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Viscount Melbourne
1781–1828
Succeeded by
William Lamb
Baron Melbourne
1770–1828
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Melbourne
1815–1828
Succeeded by
William Lamb
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Matthew Lamb
Baronet
(of Brocket Hall)
1768–1828
Succeeded by
William Lamb