Peñitas, Texas

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Peñitas, Texas
Hidalgo County Penitas.svg
Coordinates: 26°13′52″N 98°26′42″W / 26.23111°N 98.44500°W / 26.23111; -98.44500Coordinates: 26°13′52″N 98°26′42″W / 26.23111°N 98.44500°W / 26.23111; -98.44500
Country United States of America
State Texas
County Hidalgo
Area
 • Total4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)
 • Land4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
145 ft (44 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,403
 • Density1,110/sq mi (428.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78576
Area code(s)956
FIPS code48-56696
GNIS feature ID1388195
Websitewww.cityofpenitas.com

Peñitas is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,403 at the 2010 census,[1] up from 1,167 at the 2000 census. It is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

Geography[edit]

Peñitas is located in southwestern Hidalgo County at 26°13′52″N 98°26′42″W / 26.23111°N 98.44500°W / 26.23111; -98.44500 (26.231111, -98.445000).[2] It is bordered to the west by the city of La Joya. U.S. Route 83 runs through Peñitas, leading east 14 miles (23 km) to McAllen and west 26 miles (42 km) to Rio Grande City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km2), of which 2.0 acres (8,234 m2), or 0.08%, are water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990174
20001,167570.7%
20104,403277.3%
Est. 20164,854[3]10.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,167 people, 319 households, and 279 families residing in the city. The population density was 582.1 people per square mile (225.3/km²). There were 421 housing units at an average density of 210.0/sq mi (81.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.29% White, 0.09% African American, 0.09% Native American, 16.20% from other races, and 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 98.03% of the population.

There were 319 households out of which 48.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.5% were non-families. 10.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.66 and the average family size was 3.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,071, and the median income for a family was $28,355. Males had a median income of $21,932 versus $14,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,500. About 25.4% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 28.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Peñitas is served by the La Joya Independent School District.[6][7] Schools include JFK Elementary School,[8] C. Chavez Middle School,[9] and La Joya High School.[10]

In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Peñitas Post Office.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Penitas city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Penitas city, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 17, 2018.
  7. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hidalgo County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 2, 2018.
  8. ^ "Elementary School Zones 2017-2018." La Joya Independent School District. Retrieved on September 16, 2018.
  9. ^ "Middle School Zones 2017-2018." La Joya Independent School District. Retrieved on September 16, 2018.
  10. ^ "High School Zones 2017-2018." La Joya Independent School District. Retrieved on September 16, 2018.
  11. ^ "Post Office Location - PENITAS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.

External links[edit]