Penmynydd

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Penmynydd
Village
Pentref Penmynydd village - geograph.org.uk - 943128.jpg
Coordinates: 53°14′41″N 4°14′04″W / 53.24475°N 4.23442°W / 53.24475; -4.23442Coordinates: 53°14′41″N 4°14′04″W / 53.24475°N 4.23442°W / 53.24475; -4.23442
Country Wales
County Anglesey

Penmynydd, meaning top of the mountain in Welsh, is a village and community on Anglesey, Wales. It is known for being the birthplace of the Tudors of Penmynydd, which became the House of Tudor. The population according to the United Kingdom Census 2011 was 465.

Description[edit]

Penmynydd is located on Anglesey off the north west coast of Wales, situated on a slight hill on the B5420 road between Menai Bridge and Llangefni,[1] at grid reference SH510743. The Royal Mail postcode begins LL61 with a community population taken at the 2011 cenus of 465.[2] Edward Greenly gave the name of the village to the Monian ‘Penmynydd Zone of Metamorphism', a Precambrian blueschist terrane stretching along the hill from Red Wharf Bay to Newborough; the blueschist event has been dated to about 550 million years ago.[3] When Welsh nobleman Rhys ap Tudur was executed in 1412, lands of the Penmynydd family were forfeited.[4] The village is notable for its early 17th century almshouses.[5] The bwthyn at Minffordd was the first place on Anglesey used for Nonconformist worship in the early 18th century,.[6] The village includes the Neuadd Lwyd, a former Victorian rectory that was converted into a country-house hotel.[7] A radio communication transmission mast was installed in 2002 a few yards north of the village at the top of the hill.[8]

The Tudor Family[edit]

Effigy of Goronwy ap Tudur at St Gredifael's Church, Penmynydd

Penmynydd was the home of the Tudors of Penmynydd and claims the birthplace of the founding of the House of Tudor.[1] In the 14th century, a resident of Penmynydd, Tudur ap Goronwy, had five sons, one of whom was called Maredudd ap Tudur (the father of Owen Tudor - an Anglicisation of his Welsh name Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur) who joined Henry V of England's army and subsequently established himself at court.[9] After Henry died, his widow, Catherine of Valois, married Owen Tudor in secret around 1429 and had three sons.[10] Their grandson, Henry Tudor, subsequently claimed the crown of England, becoming Henry VII of England.[11]

The village contains the Grade II* listed building Plas Penmynydd. The house was originally built by Richard Owen Tudor, grandson of Owen Tudor. It was passed down the line, many of whom were Sheriff of Anglesey. It was sold following the death of a second Richard Owen Tudor, and passed through several families. It was listed on 2 May 1952.[12] In the 2000s, it was restored by Richard Cuthbertson and featured on the BBC Wales television series Hidden Houses of Wales in 2010.[13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hywel Trewyn (April 21, 2009), King's Back On His Old Stamping Ground. Post office launches Royal anniversary images, Liverpool Daily Post, p. 8, retrieved November 19, 2013 
  2. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  3. ^ M. F. Howells, British Regional Geology, Wales, British Geological Survey 2007
  4. ^ The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia Wales Extracts The Miners' Next Step, Western Mail (Wales), October 15, 2005, p. 3, retrieved November 19, 2013 
  5. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/wa-26141-no-3-lewis-rogers-almshouses-penmynydd#.V9Ajv3lTHIU
  6. ^ http://www.capeli.org.uk/uploads/newsletter_40.pdf
  7. ^ Stephen McClarence (April 24, 2011), Anglesey is the royal threshold royal threshold, Express on Sunday, retrieved November 19, 2013 
  8. ^ Broadband for island, Liverpool Daily Post, November 11, 2002, p. 18, retrieved November 19, 2013 
  9. ^ Nicholas 1872, p. 29.
  10. ^ Griffiths & Thomas 1985, p. 32.
  11. ^ "A royal dynasty". BBC Wales. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Plas Penmynydd, Penmynydd". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Hidden Houses of Wales visits Plas Penmynydd, Anglesey". BBC North West Wales. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 

References[edit]

  • Griffiths, Ralph Alan; Thomas, Roger S. (1985). The Making of the Tudor Dynasty. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-31250-745-9. 
  • Nicholas, Thomas (1872). Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales. 1. London: Genealogical Publishing. 

External links[edit]