Penne, Abruzzo

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Penne
Comune
Comune di Penne
Penne porta wiki.jpg
Coat of arms of Penne
Coat of arms
Penne is located in Italy
Penne
Penne
Location of Penne in Italy
Coordinates: 42°27′N 13°55′E / 42.450°N 13.917°E / 42.450; 13.917Coordinates: 42°27′N 13°55′E / 42.450°N 13.917°E / 42.450; 13.917
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province Pescara (PE)
Frazioni Baricelle, Casale, Collalto, Colle d'Omero, Colle Formica, Colle Maggio, Colle San Giovanni, Colle Sant'Angelo, Colle Stella, Colletrotta, Conaprato, Mallo, Pagliari, Ponte Sant'Antonio, Porta Caldaia, Roccafinadamo, San Pellegrino, Serpacchio, Teto, Villa Degna
Government
 • Mayor Rocco D'Alfonso
Area
 • Total 91 km2 (35 sq mi)
Elevation 438 m (1,437 ft)
Population (November 30, 2014)
 • Total 12,451
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym Pennesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 65017
Dialing code 085
Patron saint St. Maximus
Saint day May 7
Website Official website

Penne (Pònne in the local dialect) is an italian town in the province of Pescara, in the Abruzzo region, in the mid-southern Italy. According to the last census in 2014 the population was 12.451.[1] In 2012 Penne succeeded to join the prestigious club of the "Most beautiful towns of Italy" (Borghi più belli d'Italia) [2]

Penne traces back its origin to the Mid Neolithic period; as a pre-roman town, it was the ancient capital of "Vestini" populations and during the roman age it was known as "Pinna Vestinorum".[3] Penne is today among the most important towns in the Vestini area, sitting in the hills between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea and opening the way for the National Park of Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga through the Regional Natural Reserve "Lake of Penne"

The widespread use of bricks in every historical building and paving gave Penne the appellation of “Città del mattone”, i.e. the "Town of bricks". In 2006, Penne was awarded the silver medal of civic merit for the World War II events.[4] The economy of Penne is driven mainly by tourism, agriculture, the regional hospital and Brioni, the Italian fashion house whose suits are still hand sewn by Pennese women.

History[edit]

The town is very ancient, having been a seat of government of the Vestini people starting around 300 BC. In around 89 BC, the Vestini (along with other Italic tribes) were defeated by the Romans in the Social War, and became citizens of Rome.[5] The town was known as Pinna during the time of the Roman Republic.

In the Middle Ages, Penne was under the control of the Lombards as part of the Duchy of Spoleto.[6] Starting around 1130 Penne became part of the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1538 the town was given by emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor to his daughter Margaret of Parma as a gift for her wedding to Ottavio Farnese.[7] Under Margaret, Penne became important as a center of power in the Abruzzo region, and many fine palaces and civic structures were erected during this time.

Geography[edit]

Penne is a town in the adriatic side of the Abruzzo region, sitting on several hills in between the valleys of Tavo and Fino rivers. Penne covers an area measuring about 91.20 km2 .[8] It is 31 km far from Pescara, 35 km from Chieti; and 67 km from Teramo.

Climate[edit]

The weather in Penne can enjoy the beneficial currents from the Adriatic sea (only 20 km far from the town) but at the same time it is influenced by the Gran Sasso mountain chain. According to the climatic data collected during the period 1961-1990, the average temperature of the coldest month, i.e. January, is +5,6 °C where the minimals are about 2-3 °C while the maximals about 9-11 °C; in the hottest month, August, the average temperature is +24,7 °C where the minimals are about 19 °C, while the maximals 30 °C.[9] The climate is therefore characterized by hot summers and rather mild winters, where the annual thermal excursion is anyway lower than 21 °C like in the coast. However in winter snow and frosts might happen when cold currents from the Balkans or the northern Europe irrupt on the Adriatic coast. During these episodes, minimal temperatures can fall down to -5 °C. Precipitation levels are on average about 845 mm per year according to the climatic data collected during the period 1951 - 2009 [10] and are generally higher than the ones observed in other hillside cities in the sea-side of Abruzzo (around 600–700 mm per year). The climate in Penne can be therefore considered as Mediterranean due to the beneficial influence of the Adriatic sea on the temperatures. However, from a pluviometric stand-point, the town's weather sits in the borderline in between a subtropical humid and mediterranean weather. In summertime, precipitations are rare anyway and mainly occur as thunderstorms.

Main sights[edit]

Aliprandi Palace

The main characteristic of the old town is its streets and houses are built in bricks, so in the past Penne was known as "the small Siena".

Penne's churches include the 12th-century church of Santa Maria in Colleromano, and the Duomo, which now houses the Diocese Museum including a crypt dating from the 8th century. Other churches include Sant'Agostino (with a historical bell-tower), San Giovanni Battista, San Giovanni Evangelista, Annunziata, Madonna del Carmine, San Nicola, San Domenico.

Dome of Penne

Sacred architectures[edit]

SS. Annunziata's Church
Santa Chiara's Church
San Francesco's gate
  • Dome of Penne. Concathedral of Pescara-Penne archdiocese, it was built after St Maxiums of Aveia on a X century Crypt.[11] Probably the Crypt was erected on an ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Vesta.
  • Church of S. Croce (Holy Cross Church): It is characterized by a facade showing the symbols of the "Passion of Christ", installed by the Passionists in the XIX century.
  • Church of Santa Chiara:[12] built in the XVII century next to the ancient Church of the Holy Spirit. Characterized by a greek cross plan, it was entirely renovated on 1702 AD. The Cupola shows a beautiful fresco by the "pennese" painter Domiziano Vallarola. Next to the church, there is the Clarisse nuns convent which has been included in the St Maximus Hospital in 1912.
  • Church of San Ciro: erected on the second half ot the XVIII century and renovated on 1843 by the priest Quintangeli. It now belongs to the "Holy Family" nuns.
  • Collegiata of San Giovanni Evangelista:[13] There are documents prooving the existence of this Church since 1324. It has two magnificent stone portals: the main one from 1604, the lateral one from 1594. The lombard style bell tower was built during renaissance.
  • Church of Sant'Antonio di Padova: chapel of the family Aliprandi of 1648. Stone portal characterized by a diamond tip pattern.
  • Church of San Domenico:[14] facade with a portal from 1667 and a sculpture representing "The Virgin with her Son" from 1400. The Church has a baroque style with a marvelous Chorus made of walnut wood from XVII century and an organ from the XVIII century. The lateral altars show some paintings by the brothers Ragazzini as well as a few remains of Giottesque frescos. Attached to the church is the seventeenth-century Chapel of the Rosary with a magnificent ceiling. The cloister was built in 1330. Inside the church there is a civic lapidary as well as a statue of St. Blaise by Capro De Matteo. .
  • Church of SS. Annunziata [15] Although the church has Romanesque origins, the interior style is baroque. Of great importance is the facade, 1801, called one of the most beautiful pages of the Baroque Abruzzo. The "vela" style bell tower was designed by the engineer F. Dottorelli.
  • Church of John the Baptist,[16] of 'Order of the Knights of Malta. Facade of 1701. Plant Central. Stucco Pitch. In the adjacent former convent there were the Dames of Malta.
  • Church of St. Augustine [17] and adjacent Oratory of Our Lady of the Belt. The church houses the fourteenth-century fresco of the Crucifixion . The bell tower, built in the '400 according to "Atri" style, presents an exquisite polychrome decoration in majolica.
  • Church of Santa Maria del Carmine [18] (also known as Madonna del Carmine ) with the adjacent convent of the Carmelites, used until 1979 as the district prison. The facade was made from the "pennese" Aniello Francia.
  • Convent of Santa Maria in Colleromano [19] . Born as a stronghold Cistercian in 1197, the monastery is situated on the so called "Roman Hill" (Colleromano). Of particular interest are the stone portal, the art gallery and library, equipped with precious codes.
  • Convent of the Nativity of Mary Ss.ma.[20] The monastery of the Capuchin Friars is located on the "Cappuccio Hill", just outside the main old town of Penne. The church owns a tabernacle, altar and other ornaments of valuable wood.

Civic Architectures[edit]

Aliprandi's Palace facade
Medieval stone portal of a Palance in Penne
Gates
  • Porta San Francesco : rebuilt in 1780 and designed by architect Di Sio, homing a sculpture of St Maximus, patron of the city. It constitutes together with the surrounding buildings a monumental entrance to the town.
  • Porta da Capo : also known as Santa Croce or Porta Teramo. It is characterized by a medieval stone pointed arch. On its right there is a stone dated 1523.
  • Porta della Ringa : the ancient port of 'Arengo. Rebuilt in 1832 by Baron Diego Aliprandi.
  • Porta dei Coinci : subsequently called Porta dei Ferrari or simply Portella . Pointed arch in stone from the XIV century.
Palaces
  • Palazzo De Dura : Renaissance facade brick.
  • Palazzo Scorpio : former home of Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Penne. Renaissance courtyard of brick, with columns and cubic capitals.
  • Palazzo Stefanucci : home of Stefanucci originating in Florence, then inhabited by the De Torres. Facade and portal of the seventeenth century. In the nineteenth century wing it was inhabited by Dottorelli.
  • Palazzo del giustiziere ("Palace of executioner"): it was the seat of the executioner of 'Abruzzo Ultra in 1400 . The Renaissance building has a valuable brick facade. The string course is the element of relationship with crenellations, now modified by a subsequent cover.
  • Palazzo Aliprandi : Stately building of the seventeenth century. The stone doorway on Via Martiri Pennesi was made by De Cicco on 1773.
  • Palazzo di Teseo Castiglione : restoration of a medieval building designed by the architect Di Sio (1766). Baroque façade with two tiers of loggias. Clock majolica by Antonio Pope (1770).
  • Cortiletto medievale : in the alley of remittances. Example of local architecture, the yard consists of two rows of columns with cubic capitals.
  • Porches Salconio : they were built in 1911 and designed by the engineer Ciulli. In 1929 they were named after John Salconio Cola, historian from Penne of the sixteenth century.

Other[edit]

  • Piazzetta di S. Croce: It is a little square on the top of the "Colle Castello".
  • Piazzetta XX Settembre: It is a square built on 1842 and designed by the engineer Federico Dottorelli. In the middle of the square there is a monument for the Martyrs of Penne of 1837, built on 1913 by the artist Pasquale Morgante from Teramo.
  • Viale San Francesco (St Francis' boulevard). It is part of the monumental entrance of the town, surrounded by bars, Caffe and public gardens.

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://demo.istat.it/bilmens2014gen/index.html
  2. ^ http://www.borghitalia.it/pg.base.php?id=5&cod_borgo=722&lang=en
  3. ^ http://www.comune.penne.pe.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6&Itemid=136
  4. ^ http://ricerca.gelocal.it/ilcentro/archivio/ilcentro/2006/09/08/CCYPO_CCY04.html
  5. ^ http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsEurope/ItalyVestini.htm
  6. ^ http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsEurope/ItalySpoleto.htm
  7. ^ Margaret of Parma: A Life By Charles R. Steen ISBN 978-9004257443
  8. ^ http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/82599
  9. ^ Tabella climatica mensile e annuale (TXT) in Archivio climatico DBT, ENEA.
  10. ^ http://www.arssa.abruzzo.gov.it/attachments/article/269/REGIONE%20ABRUZZO%20ultima%20versione%206%20x%20WEB.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=chiesaRomPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=chiesero4263&tom=263
  12. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4179&tom=179
  13. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4174&tom=174
  14. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4176&tom=176
  15. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4178&tom=178
  16. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4177&tom=177
  17. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4173&tom=173
  18. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4175&tom=175
  19. ^ http://www.regione.abruzzo.it/xCultura/index.asp?modello=baroccoSchedaPE&servizio=xList&stileDiv=monoLeft&template=intIndex&b=menuBaro4172&tom=172
  20. ^ http://www.fraticappuccini.it/cappucciniabruzzo/cms/index.php/penne

External links[edit]