Pennies from Heaven (1936 film)
|Pennies from Heaven|
|Directed by||Norman Z. McLeod|
|Produced by||Emanuel Cohen|
|Screenplay by||Jo Swerling|
|Story by||William Rankin|
|Based on||The Peacock Feather
by Katherine Leslie Moore
|Music by||William Grant Still (uncredited)
Georgie Stoll (Music Director)
Arrangements by John Scott Trotter
|Edited by||John Rawlins|
Emanuel Cohen Productions
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
Based on the novel The Peacock Feather by Katherine Leslie Moore and a screenplay by Jo Swerling, the film is about a singer wrongly imprisoned who promises a condemned fellow inmate that he will help the family of his victim when he is released. The singer delays his dream of becoming a gondolier in Venice and becomes a street singer in order to help the young girl and her elderly grandfather. His life is further complicated when he meets a beautiful welfare worker who takes a dim view of the young girl's welfare and initiates proceedings to have her put in an orphanage.
Pennies From Heaven remains most noteworthy for Crosby's introduction of the titular song, a Depression-era favorite, since recorded by numerous singers. The film features Louis Armstrong in a supporting role. In 1937, the film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song (Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke).
In prison, Larry Poole (Bing Crosby), a self-described troubadour, is approached by an inmate named Hart (John Gallaudet) who is on his way to the electric chair. Hart asks Larry to deliver a letter to a family called Smith near Middletown, New Jersey. After finding the family, which consists of a grandfather (Donald Meek) and a young girl named Patsy (Edith Fellows), Poole tells them that the letter holds a key, reveals that the condemned man had unintentionally killed Patsy's father and that he is giving the Smith family his old house and former hideout, the only thing he has to give as atonement.
Susan Sprague (Madge Evans) represents the county welfare department and it is her job to see that Patsy is raised "properly", or the girl will go to an orphanage. A variety of misadventures befall Larry as he tries to help "Gramps" out with Patsy to save her from the orphanage, all while Susan and he are falling in love, paternally.
To get cash for a restaurant license, Larry gets a stunt job at the circus, but is injured. While he is in hospital Gramps comes to let him know that the county has taken Patsy away. Larry believes Susan went behind his back and had Patsy placed in the orphanage. It is discovered that Susan had no part in it, but she loses her job defending Larry and his care of the child.
Larry has the circus perform for the children so that he can 'break Patsy out', when Patsy lets Larry know how Susan feels about him. Their attempt to free Patsy fails. Afterwards, Larry finds out that Susan has gone to New York and he goes there to find her.
While in New York, Susan is approached by two policemen looking for Larry, not to arrest him as she suspects, but to bring him back to the head of the County Welfare Department to help deal with Patsy, who has gone on a hunger strike. The policemen are watching Susan's apartment in the hopes that Larry will show up. When he does, they make him leave with them, after he and Susan reveal their feelings for each other.
When they return to the orphanage, the head of the welfare department begs Larry to help them with Patsy. Larry agrees to adopt Patsy and raise her with the help of Susan, who agrees to marry him and be a mother to Patsy.
- Bing Crosby as Larry Poole
- Madge Evans as Susan Sprague
- Edith Fellows as Patsy Smith
- Louis Armstrong as Henry
- Donald Meek as Gramp Smith
- John Gallaudet as J. C. Hart
- William Stack as Clarence B. Carmichael
- Nana Bryant as Miss Howard
- Tom Dugan as Crowbar Miller
- Nydia Westman as Slavey
Although this was not the first time that a black performer was given prominent billing in a major Hollywood release (Paul Robeson had been billed fourth in that same year's Show Boat), special billing was given to Armstrong at the insistence of Bing Crosby, who also insisted on Armstrong's being hired for the movie.
Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times commented, inter alia, "Conceding that Mr. Crosby is as good-natured as ever and that Miss Evans is so attractive a social worker that we are tempted to apply for relief and be investigated, the chief honors properly belong to little Miss Fellows. Hers really is an exceptional performance for a youngster, skirting the perils of bathos in her tender scenes and playing her rebellious ones with comic impertinence. Mr. Meek as the grandfather, Nana Bryant as the harried superintendent of an orphanage and William Stack as a welfare commissioner are excellent in the supporting rôles. In sum, “Pennies from Heaven” is one of Mr. Crosby’s best."
Variety: "Pennies from Heaven may qualify as a fair grosser because of Crosby’s name, but basically it’s a weak picture with a story that has little movement and only a scattered few mild giggles. It’s spread pretty thin over 80 minutes, despite a good tuneful score which should be no handicap… Film won’t advance Crosby although Crosby may overcome its faults to some extent. Best individual impression is by Louis Armstrong, Negro cornetist and hi-de-ho expert. Not as an eccentric musician, but as a Negro comedian he suggests possibilities. He toots his solo horn to a nice individual score, plus his band chores. Crosby has a couple of songs that will be reprised into fair popularity..."
- "Pennies from Heaven" (Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke) played during the opening credits, as background music, and sung by Bing Crosby
- "Skeleton in the Closet" (Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke) by Louis Armstrong and His Band
- "So Do I" (Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke) by Bing Crosby and danced by Edith Fellows; reprised by Crosby at the orphanage and in the New York City montage
- "One, Two, Button Your Shoe" (Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke) by Bing Crosby at the orphanage; reprised by a marching band
- "Let's Call a Heart a Heart" (Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke) by Bing Crosby with Louis Armstrong and His Band; played also as background music
- "Old MacDonald Had a Farm" (Traditional) by Bing Crosby, Edith Fellows, and Donald Meek on the hay wagon
Bing Crosby recorded his solos for Decca Records. They all enjoyed chart successes with "Pennies from Heaven" topping the hit parade for ten weeks. Crosby's songs were also included in the Bing's Hollywood series.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- "Pennies from Heaven". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- "Awards for Pennies from Heaven". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- Giddins, Gary (2001). A Pocketful of Dreams. New York: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 418–419. ISBN 0-316-88188-0.
- "Full cast and crew for Pennies from Heaven". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- Nugent, Frank S. (December 10, 1936). "The New York Times".
- "Variety". December 16, 1936.
- "Soundtracks for Pennies from Heaven". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- "A Bing Crosby Discography". A Bing Crosby Discography. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 105. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-05.