Penns Grove, New Jersey

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Penns Grove, New Jersey
Borough of Penns Grove
Highway signage indicating U.S. Route 130 North to Penns Grove in South Jersey
Highway signage indicating U.S. Route 130 North to Penns Grove in South Jersey
Motto: 
Pride in Progress[1]
Penns Grove Borough highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Penns Grove Borough highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Penns Grove, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Penns Grove, New Jersey
Penns Grove is located in Salem County, New Jersey
Penns Grove
Penns Grove
Location in Salem County
Penns Grove is located in New Jersey
Penns Grove
Penns Grove
Location in New Jersey
Penns Grove is located in the United States
Penns Grove
Penns Grove
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°43′40″N 75°28′09″W / 39.727704°N 75.469035°W / 39.727704; -75.469035Coordinates: 39°43′40″N 75°28′09″W / 39.727704°N 75.469035°W / 39.727704; -75.469035[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Salem
IncorporatedMarch 8, 1894
Named forWilliam Penn
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • BodyBorough Council
 • MayorLaDaena D. Thomas (D, term ends December 31, 2023)[4][5]
 • AdministratorSean M. Brown[6]
 • Municipal clerkSharon R. Williams[7]
Area
 • Total0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Land0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
 • Rank517th of 565 in state
15th of 15 in county[2]
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
Population
 • Total4,837
 • Estimate 
(2021)[11]
4,818
 • Rank373rd of 566 in state
4th of 15 in county[12]
 • Density5,400/sq mi (2,100/km2)
  • Rank92nd of 566 in state
1st of 15 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)856 exchanges: 299, 351[15]
FIPS code3403357750[2][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0885348[2][18]
Websitewww.pennsgrove-nj.org

Penns Grove is a borough in Salem County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the borough's population was 4,837,[11] a decrease of 310 (−6.0%) from the 2010 census count of 5,147,[19][20][21] which in turn reflected an increase of 261 (+5.3%) from the 4,886 counted in the 2000 census.[22]

Penns Grove had the fourth-highest property tax rate in New Jersey, with an equalized rate of 5.556% in 2020, compared to 3.476% in Salem County and a statewide average of 2.279%.[23]

History[edit]

The area was long primarily agricultural. Penns Grove was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 8, 1894, from portions of Upper Penns Neck Township (now Carneys Point Township), based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.[24] It began to industrialize around this time. The borough's name comes from William Penn.[25][26]

In the early 20th century, many Italian immigrants from Valle San Giovanni and the surrounding southern province of Teramo came to work at the local E.I. DuPont de Nemours plant in Carneys Point. Many settled on Pitman Street in Penns Grove. In 1925, the Italian community arranged to commission a copy of the statue of the Madonna and Child from the Chiesa della Madonna delle Grazie in Teramo, and had it installed in the Saint James Roman Catholic Church in Penns Grove.[27] Other immigrants from eastern Europe also settled in the county, markedly increasing the population.

Also in the 20th century, the area became a destination for Black Americans in the Great Migration who came north for industrial jobs. Some Black Americans in the area were descended from slave families from the colonial and early federal period. Since the late 20th century, new immigrants have arrived from Central and South America, an increasing Latino minority.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Penns Grove borough had a total area of 0.89 square miles (2.31 km2), all of which was land.[2][3]

The borough borders Carneys Point Township and the Delaware River.[28][29] The borough is located across the Delaware River from Wilmington, which is part of the Delaware Valley, and 33 miles (53 km) south of Philadelphia.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19001,826
19102,11816.0%
19206,060186.1%
19305,895−2.7%
19406,48810.1%
19506,6692.8%
19606,176−7.4%
19705,727−7.3%
19805,7600.6%
19905,228−9.2%
20004,886−6.5%
20105,1475.3%
20204,837−6.0%
2021 (est.)4,818[30]−0.4%
Population sources:
1900–2000[31] 1900–1920[32]
1900–1910[33] 1910–1930[34]
1930–1990[35] 2000[36][37]
2010[19][20][21] 2020[11]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 5,147 people, 1,801 households, and 1,235 families in the borough. The population density was 5,656.0 per square mile (2,183.8/km2). There were 2,004 housing units at an average density of 2,202.2 per square mile (850.3/km2). The racial makeup was 41.83% (2,153) White, 39.77% (2,047) Black or African American, 0.66% (34) Native American, 0.49% (25) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 12.40% (638) from other races, and 4.86% (250) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.27% (1,455) of the population.[19]

Of the 1,801 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18; 29.9% were married couples living together; 31.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 31.4% were non-families. Of all households, 25.3% were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.38.[19]

32.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 89.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 82.5 males.[19]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $30,104 (with a margin of error of +/− $9,093) and the median family income was $37,663 (+/− $9,442). Males had a median income of $42,908 (+/− $8,706) versus $30,353 (+/− $5,538) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,785 (+/− $2,169). About 28.1% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.2% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.[38]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States census[16] there were 4,886 people, 1,827 households, and 1,231 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,275.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,037.0/km2). There were 2,075 housing units at an average density of 2,240.5 per square mile (865.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 48.85% White, 39.75% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 8.13% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.29% of the population.[36][37]

There were 1,827 households, out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.6% were married couples living together, 27.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.26.[36][37]

In the borough the population was spread out, with 33.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the borough was $26,227, and the median income for a family was $34,076. Males had a median income of $30,871 versus $20,983 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $13,330. About 18.1% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Penns Grove is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 564) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey.[39] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[8] The Borough form of government used by Penns Grove is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[40][41]

As of 2022, the Mayor of Penns Grove is Independent LaDaena D. Thomas, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023.[4] Members of the Borough Council are Council President Charlyn Martin (D, 2023), Jonathan Carter (D, 2023), Carol L. Mincey (I, 2022), John C. Rambo (R, 2024), Irene Scarpaci (D, 2022; elected to serve an unexpired term) and Sonya Worley (D, 2024).[42][43][44][45][46]

After losing his re-election campaign in November 2019, Carl J. Washington Jr. resigned from office from his seat that was about to expire and was then appointed to fill the seat expiring in December 2021 that had been held by Rafael Leon until he resigned from office.[47]

In February 2014, the Borough Council selected Ulpiano Padilla and Deborah Scott from lists of names nominated by the Democratic municipal committee to fill the vacant seats of Darwin Coleman and Stephanie Stewart.[48]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Penns Grove is located in the 2nd Congressional District[49] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[20][50][51]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[52] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[53] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[54][55]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Edward Durr (R, Logan Township) and in the General Assembly by Bethanne McCarthy-Patrick (R, Mannington Township) and Beth Sawyer (R, Woolwich Township).[56]

Salem County is governed by a five-member Board of County Commissioners who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members.[57] As of 2022, Salem County's Commissioners (with party, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Director Benjamin H. Laury (R, Elmer, term as commissioner ends December 31, 2024; term as director ends 2022), Deputy Director Gordon J. "Mickey" Ostrum, Jr. (R, Pilesgrove Township, term as commissioner ends 2024; term as deputy director ends 2022), R. Scott Griscom (R, Mannington Township, 2022), Edward A. Ramsay (R, Pittsgrove Township, 2023) and Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2022).[57][58] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Dale A. Cross (R, 2024),[59][60] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (R, 2024)[61][62] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (D, 2023).[63][64]

Politics[edit]

As of March 2011, there were a total of 2,697 registered voters in Penns Grove, of which 1,482 (54.9% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 170 (6.3% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,045 (38.7% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[65] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 52.4% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 77.4% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[65][66]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 81.6% of the vote (1,234 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 17.5% (265 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (13 votes), among the 1,524 ballots cast by the borough's 2,902 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 52.5%.[67][68] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,349 votes (76.0% vs. 50.4% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 314 votes (17.7% vs. 46.6%) and other candidates with 13 votes (0.7% vs. 1.6%), among the 1,774 ballots cast by the borough's 3,108 registered voters, for a turnout of 57.1% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[69] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 1,003 votes (68.0% vs. 45.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 444 votes (30.1% vs. 52.5%) and other candidates with 14 votes (0.9% vs. 1.0%), among the 1,474 ballots cast by the borough's 2,671 registered voters, for a turnout of 55.2% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[70]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 51.4% of the vote (414 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 44.3% (357 votes), and other candidates with 4.2% (34 votes), among the 915 ballots cast by the borough's 2,793 registered voters (110 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 32.8%.[71][72] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 491 ballots cast (58.2% vs. 39.9% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 205 votes (24.3% vs. 46.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 56 votes (6.6% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 40 votes (4.7% vs. 2.0%), among the 844 ballots cast by the borough's 3,009 registered voters, yielding a 28.0% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[73]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for kindergarten through twelfth grade attend the Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District, together with students from Carneys Point Township.[74] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 2,185 students and 182.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.0:1.[75] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[76]) are Lafayette-Pershing School[77] with 331 students in grades Pre-K to Kindergarten, Field Street School[78] with 480 students in grades 1–3, Paul W. Carleton School[79] with 355 students in grades 4–5, Penns Grove Middle School[80] with 465 students in grades 6–8 and Penns Grove High School[81] with 508 students in grades 9–12.[82]

A majority of students in ninth through twelfth grades from Oldmans Township, New Jersey attend the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Oldmans Township School District, with the balance attending Woodstown High School in the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District.[83][84]

The Catholic K–8 school St. James Elementary School of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden closed in 2000, with students redirected to Bishop Guilfoyle Regional Catholic School in Carneys Point, which in turn closed in 2010.[85] As of 2020 Guardian Angels Regional School (Pre-K–Grade 3 campus in Gibbstown CDP and 4–8 campus in Paulsboro) takes students from Carneys Point.[86]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 130 southbound through Penns Grove

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 19.19 miles (30.88 km) of roadways, of which 13.76 miles (22.14 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.14 miles (6.66 km) by Salem County and 1.29 miles (2.08 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[87]

U.S. Route 130 (locally called Virginia Avenue)[88] and Route 48 (starting at its western terminus and called Main Street within Penns Grove)[89] both pass through the borough.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit provides bus service between the borough and Philadelphia on the 402 route and to Woodstown on the 468 route.[90][91]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Penns Grove include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Home page, Borough of Penns Grove. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  3. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  4. ^ a b The Mayor, Borough of Penns Grove. Accessed August 23, 2022.
  5. ^ 2022 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed March 1, 2022.
  6. ^ Business Administrator & Economic Development Coordinator, Borough of Penns Grove. Accessed August 23, 2022.
  7. ^ Municipal Clerk's Office, Borough of Penns Grove. Accessed August 23, 2022.
  8. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  9. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2022.
  10. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Penns Grove, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d Total Population: Census 2010 - Census 2020 New Jersey Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Penns Grove, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Penns Grove, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ a b c d e DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Penns Grove borough, Salem County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  21. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Penns Grove borough Archived August 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  22. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010 Archived August 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  23. ^ "Here are the 30 N.J. towns with the highest property tax rates", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, March 15, 2021. Accessed January 19, 2022. "The average equalized tax rate in New Jersey was 2.279 in 2020, according to data from the Department of Community Affairs. Here is the list of 30 New Jersey towns with the highest property tax rates.... 4. Penns Grove Equalized tax rate in Penns Grove Borough, Salem County, was 5.556 in 2020 Average equalized tax rate in Salem County: 3.476"
  24. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 216. Accessed April 17, 2012.
  25. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 16, 2015.
  26. ^ Penns Grove, NJ, DiscoverSalemCounty.com. Accessed September 17, 2015. "ohn Fenwick and William Penn later owned this land, the town was later named in honor of William Penn."
  27. ^ Relationship of Valle San Giovanni & Penns Grove, NJ, Valle San Giovanni. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  28. ^ Salem County Map, Coalition for a Healthy NJ. Accessed March 2, 2020.
  29. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  30. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  31. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Salem County Municipalities, 1810–2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  32. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  33. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  34. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  35. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990 Archived May 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  36. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Penns Grove borough, New Jersey Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  37. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Penns Grove borough, Salem County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  38. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Penns Grove borough, Salem County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 12, 2012.
  39. ^ Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
  40. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask" Archived September 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
  41. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  42. ^ Borough Council, Borough of Penns Grove. Accessed August 23, 2022.
  43. ^ 2022 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Penns Grove. Accessed August 23, 2022.
  44. ^ Election Summary Report General Election Salem County November 2, 2021 Official Results Report, Salem County, New Jersey, updated November 15, 2021. Accessed January 1, 2022.
  45. ^ Election Summary Report Salem County NJ General Election November 3, 2020 Official Report, Salem County, New Jersey, updated November 25, 2020. Accessed January 1, 2021.
  46. ^ November 5, 2019 Summary Report Salem County, NJ Official Results, Salem County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 18, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
  47. ^ Wildstein, David. "Penns Grove councilman charged with theft; Grewal says Carl Washington, Jr. stole $8,200 from local program", New Jersey Globe, December 20, 2019. Accessed March 2, 2020. "Washington lost his bid for re-election to a fourth term last month. After his defeat, Washington resigned from his council seat and was appointed to fill a vacant seat created by the resignation of Rafael Leon. That allows Washington to remain on the council through next year."
  48. ^ Young, Alex. "Two new members sworn in to Penns Grove Borough Council", South Jersey Times, February 6, 2014. Accessed August 17, 2015. "Ulpiano Padilla and Deborah Scott were sworn in to fill two seats that had been left vacant on council.Council members Darwin Coleman and Stephanie Stewart both submitted letters of resignation to the council, leaving two seats vacant for un-expired terms.... From the names provided by the committee, borough council tapped Padilla and Scott to fill the vacant seats of Stewart and Coleman respectively."
  49. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  50. ^ 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
  51. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  52. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  53. ^ U.S. Sen. Cory Booker cruises past Republican challenger Rik Mehta in New Jersey, PhillyVoice. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  54. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
  55. ^ Home, sweet home: Bob Menendez back in Hudson County. nj.com. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  56. ^ Legislative Roster for District 3, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2022.
  57. ^ a b County Commissioners, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  58. ^ 2021 County Data Sheet, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  59. ^ About, Salem County Clerk's Office. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  60. ^ Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  61. ^ Home Page, Salem County Sheriff's Office. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  62. ^ Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  63. ^ Surrogate's Court, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  64. ^ Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  65. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary – Salem, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  66. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 – State – County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  67. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Salem County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  68. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Salem County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  69. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  70. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  71. ^ "Governor - Salem County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  72. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Salem County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  73. ^ 2009 Governor: Salem County Archived October 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  74. ^ Comprehensive Annual Financial Report of the Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education, for year ending June 30, 2018. Accessed March 22, 2020. "The Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District (hereafter referred to as the 'School District') is a Type II district located in the County of Salem, State of New Jersey. As a Type II district, the School District functions independently through a Board of Education. The Board is comprised of nine members elected to three-year terms. These terms are staggered so that three members' terms expire each year. The purpose of the School District is to educate students in grades K-12 at its five schools."
  75. ^ District information for Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  76. ^ School Data for the Penns Grove - Carneys Point Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  77. ^ Lafayette-Pershing School, Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District. Accessed March 22, 2020.
  78. ^ Field Street School, Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District. Accessed March 22, 2020.
  79. ^ Paul W. Carleton School, Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District. Accessed March 22, 2020.
  80. ^ Penns Grove Middle School, Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District. Accessed March 22, 2020.
  81. ^ Penns Grove High School, Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District. Accessed March 22, 2020.
  82. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Penns Grove-Carneys Point Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  83. ^ Bumpus, Robert L. "Salem County Report on Consolidation and Regionalization, Office of the Executive County Superintendent of Salem County, March 15, 2010, available at the website of the Asbury Park Press. Accessed October 20, 2014. "A contiguous elementary district, Oldmans Township, sends its students primarily to Penns Grove High School and a smaller number of students to Woodstown High School."
  84. ^ Oldmans Township School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 1, 2016. "Oldmans sends students in grades 9-12 to the Penns Grove-Carneys Point and Woodstown School Districts, as well as the Academy Programs, and the Salem County Vocational Technical School."
  85. ^ "Bishop Guilfoyle Regional Catholic School in Carneys Point to close in June; will mark end of Catholic education in Salem County", Today's Sunbeam, January 20, 2010. Accessed August 22, 2020.
  86. ^ "Contact Information". Guardian Angels Regional School. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  87. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  88. ^ U.S. Route 130 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2006. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  89. ^ Route 48 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2009. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  90. ^ Salem County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  91. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide Archived September 29, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 20, 2014.
  92. ^ "Black, Kenneth Algernon", Cape May County Herald, January 31, 2019, updated February 11, 2019. Accessed December 6, 2022. "Born Kenneth Algernon Black on 12/23/1932, passed away 1/29/2019. He grew up in Penns Grove, NJ."
  93. ^ Staff. "Sport: The Twig Was Bent", TIME (magazine), April 20, 1959. Accessed October 31, 2013. "He was just a ten-year-old in Penns Grove, N.J. when he set his mind on becoming Tarzan—or a movieland version of him.... At Villanova University, Don Bragg neglected rope swinging for pole vaulting, flew so high, despite his hefty 200 lbs., that two months ago he set the world's indoor record of 15 ft. 9½ in."
  94. ^ Roy Elsh, Major League Baseball. Accessed October 9, 2022. "Born: 3/01/1891 in Penns Grove, NJ High School: Penns Grove, Carneys Point, NJ"
  95. ^ Corliss, Richard. "Charlie's an Angel Now: John Forsythe Dies at 92", Time (magazine), April 3, 2010. Accessed April 17, 2012. "Born in 1918 in Penns Grove, N.J., as John Lincoln Freund, the son of a Wall Street stockbroker, Forsythe married and divorced early, joined the Army and, as a soldier, appeared in the Broadway play Winged Victory and the war movie Destination Tokyo, both in 1943."
  96. ^ Kirkpatrick, D. L.; and Vinson, James. Contemporary Dramatists, p. 162. St. James Press, 1988. ISBN 9780312166649. Accessed September 17, 2015. "James Roose-Evans FOSTER, Paul. American. Born in Penns Grove, New Jersey, 15 October 1931."
  97. ^ E. Martin Hennings, Smithsonian American Art Museum. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Painter, printmaker. After graduating from high school, Hennings left his native Pennsgrove, New Jersey, for five years of study at the Art Institute of Chicago."
  98. ^ Gross, Jane. 'Blue-collar Walker", Sports Illustrated, November 23, 1970. Accessed October 31, 2013. "While race walking is a laughing matter for many, for Dave Romansky it has been a means of changing a life that began in Penns Grove, N.J. and seemed to be leading no farther than Pennsville, N.J., seven miles away, where he now lives with his wife Dot and their three children."
  99. ^ Beale, Lewis. "Class Clown Makes Good Series: Local Hero: Another in an occasional Calendar series on how the folks back home view their local boys and girls who have attained celebrityhood.", Los Angeles Times, August 24, 1986. Accessed June 3, 2015. "Whether or not Willis' celebrity has really affected the town is, however, a subject of differing opinions in Penns Grove. 'He's been an object of conversation in town,' says borough clerk Gill. 'I have not noticed that people are talking about the show, but I have noticed that people have started watching the show because he was a Penns Grove resident. It sparked some interest, some loyalty to the town.'"

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