Penns Neck Baptist Church
|Penns Neck Baptist Church|
|Princeton Baptist Church|
|Location||US 1 at Princeton-Hightstown Road, Penns Neck, New Jersey|
|Denomination||American Baptist Churches USA|
|Former name(s)||Williamsborough Baptist Church|
|Dedicated||December 5, 1812|
|Style||Colonial, Federal, Georgian|
Penns Neck Baptist Church
|Area||2 acres (0.81 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||89002160|
|Added to NRHP||December 28, 1989|
|Designated NJRHP||November 14, 1989|
Penns Neck Baptist Church (also known as Red Lion Tavern and Princeton Baptist Church at Penns Neck) is a historic church, opened in 1812, on US 1 at Washington Road in Penns Neck, West Windsor Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The church was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.
The church was built alongside the then new Trenton and New Brunswick Turnpike, now Route One. The turnpike, which had opened in 1807, was designed to help provide a proper road connection between Philadelphia and New York City. The parsonage pre-dated the church and had been a public house in which, it is thought, George Washington and William Penn had stayed. At the time the area was also called Williamsburg and the church was first referred to as Williamsborough Baptist. The Rev. Peter Wilson started in ministry in central Jersey preaching in private homes, starting at that of John Flock in Pennington in 1790, and also at John Campbell's house in Princeton. In 1791 John Hight and his wife of Penn's Neck were baptized and preaching continued in their home as well as others in Princeton. By the time the church was built, twenty-nine residents of the Penn's Neck area had been baptized including Richard Thomas, who would later serve as a delegate to the New Jersey Association (formed 1811), and New Jersey Baptist State Convention (formed 1830). Funds for the church building were raised from the congregation in Hightstown as well as residents of Princeton. At its dedication the church had thirty-seven members.
- Brecknell, Ursula C.; Updike, Frank (October 30, 1988). "Penns Neck Baptist Church" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places — Mercer County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection — Historic Preservation Office. April 5, 2013. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2013.
- Griffiths, Thomas Sharp (1904). A History of Baptists in New Jersey. Barr Press Publishing Company.
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