Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district
|Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district|
Boundaries beginning January 2019
Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district is located in the southeast-central part of the state. It includes Lancaster County and portions of York County south and east of but not including York. Republican Lloyd Smucker represents the district.
Prior to 2018, the 11th district was located in the east-central part of the state. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional, centering it around Pottsville and renumbering it as the ninth district. The new 11th district is essentially the successor to the old 16th District, with representation per the elections of 2018 onward.
Recent election results in statewide elections
|2000||President||Gore 54 – 43%|
|2004||President||Kerry 53 – 47%|
|2008||President||Obama 57 – 42%|
|2012||President||Romney 54 – 45%|
|2016||President||Trump 60 – 36%|
District boundaries 2003–2019
From 2003 to 2013 the district included Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Hazleton and most of the Poconos. With a strong base in areas of industry and ethnic groups, it was once considered a very safe Democratic seat but has become more competitive in recent years. Former longtime Democratic incumbent Paul Kanjorski faced his closest contest ever in 2008, narrowly defeating Lou Barletta, the Republican mayor of Hazleton, 138,849 to 129,358. In 2010, Kanjorski fell victim to a GOP and anti-incumbent wave and was unseated by Barletta in a 45%–55% vote.
The district was substantially redrawn by the state legislature in the course of the 2012 redistricting after the 2010 census, significantly altering the 11th. It lost Scranton and Wilkes-Barre to the 17th district. To make up for the loss in population, the 11th was pushed into more rural and Republican-leaning territory to the north and south. It then stretched from the Poconos all the way to the suburbs of Harrisburg.
List of members representing the district
1795–1823: One seat
District created in 1795.
1823–1833: Two seats
|Years||Seat A||Seat B|
|Representative||Party||Electoral history||Representative||Party||Electoral history|
|18th||March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
|James Wilson||Jackson Democratic-Republican||Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
|John Findlay||Jackson Democratic-Republican||Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1822.|
Re-elected in 1824.
|19th||March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
|20th||March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
|William Ramsey||Jacksonian||Elected in 1826.|
Re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
|21st||March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
|Thomas H. Crawford||Jacksonian||Elected in 1828.|
Re-elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 12th district and lost re-election.
|22nd||March 4, 1831 –|
September 29, 1831
|September 29, 1831 –
November 22, 1831
|November 22, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
|Robert McCoy||Jacksonian||Elected in 1831 to finish Ransey's term.|
1833–present: One seat
Historical district boundaries
- "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- United States Congress. "Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district (id: B000703)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- See Widow's succession.