Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

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Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 16.png
Boundaries beginning January 2019; below statistics, except PVI, apply to former boundaries
U.S. Representative
  Mike Kelly
RButler
Distribution
  • 76.05% urban
  • 23.95% rural
Population (2000)646,328
Median income45,943
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+8[1]

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district is located in Northwestern Pennsylvania. It contains all of Erie County, Crawford County, Mercer County, and Lawrence County, as well as part of Butler County. The district is represented by Mike Kelly.

Prior to redistricting on March 19, 2018, the 16th congressional district was located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia. Previously, Northwestern Pennsylvania was represented by the 3rd congressional district. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map violated the state constitution due to partisan gerrymandering. What was the 16th district was modified to become the eleventh district, and the old third district likewise became the 16th, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[2]

Adams County (which includes Gettysburg) was in the district in 1863, at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address. Democrat Alexander Coffroth was the district's representative at the time.

Recent election results[edit]

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Source: [2]

Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Third Party Votes Pct Fourth Party Votes Pct
2000 Bob Yorczyk 80,177 33.1% Joe Pitts 162,403 67.0%
2002 Joe Pitts 119,046 88.5% Will Todd 8,720 6.5% Kenneth Brenneman 6,766 5.0%
2004 Lois Herr 98,410 34.5% Joe Pitts 183,620 64.4% William Hagen 3,269 1.25
2006 Lois Herr 80,915 39.6% Joe Pitts 115,741 56.6% John
Murphy
7,958 3.9%
2008 Bruce Slater 120,193 39.4% Joe Pitts 170,329 55.8% John
Murphy
11,768 3.9% Daniel Frank 2,877 0.9%
2010 Lois Herr 70,994 34.6% Joe Pitts 134,113 65.4%
2012 Aryanna Strader 109,026 39% Joe Pitts 154,337 55% John
Murphy
10,080 4% Jim Bednarski 4995 2%
2014 Tom Houghton 73,921 42.2% Joe Pitts 101,083 57.8%
2016 Christina Hartman 134,586 42.89% Lloyd Smucker 168,669 53.76% Shawn Patrick House 10,518 3.35%

U.S. President[edit]

Year District winner
2004 Bush 61 - 38%
2008 McCain 51 - 48%
2012 Romney 52.4 - 46.3%
2016 Trump 51.0 - 44.2%

Geography[edit]

2003-2018[edit]

Created after the 2000 Census, the 16th district was composed of a large portion of southern Chester County, most of Lancaster County, and a sliver of Berks County, including the city of Reading. The 16th stretched from the southwestern suburbs of Philadelphia in the east to the Susquehanna River in the west, and north to include areas around Reading.

In 2000, the 16th Congressional District was home to 646,328 residents,[3] according to the U.S. Census, and its population has increased since that year. Residents of Lancaster County made up the majority of the district's population, followed by Chester County and Berks County. The district was one of the Pennsylvania districts accused of being the result of gerrymandering.

Pockets of urban areas exist in and around the cities of Lancaster, Reading, and West Chester.

2019[edit]

In February 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the previous map was unconstitutional due to gerrymandering and released a new congressional map. The 16th district was relocated to the northwestern part of the state. The new 16th includes the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville.

Counties and municipalities within the district[edit]

Butler County: partial; a portion of county is in the 15th district.

Crawford County: Meadville, Titusville

Erie County: Corry, Erie

Lawrence County: New Castle

Mercer County: Farrell, Hermitage, Sharon

List of members representing the district[edit]

The district was created with two seats in 1823

1823–1833: Two seats[edit]

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
James Allison Jr. Jackson Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned before Congress convened
WForward-SecofTreas.jpg
Walter Forward
Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 14th district.
Lost re-election.
19th March 4, 1825 –
[Data unknown/missing.].
1825
Jacksonian James S. Stevenson Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.].
1825 –
October 11, 1825
Vacant
October 11, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Robert Orr Jr. Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
21st March 4, 1829 –
December 15, 1829
Vacant John Gilmore Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
December 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
HarmarDenny2.jpg
Harmar Denny
Anti-Masonic Elected after William Wilkins resigned in 1829 before qualifying
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

1833-Present: One seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Joseph B. Anthony Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert H. Hammond Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Snyder Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James Black Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jasper Ewing Brady.jpg
Jasper E. Brady
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James X. McLanahan Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
William H. Kurtz Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Redistricted from the 15th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Todd Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Alexander Ahl (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
John A. Ahl
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin F. Junkin (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Benjamin F. Junkin
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
JosephBaileyPA.jpg
Joseph Bailey
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg
Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
February 19, 1866
Contested election
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg
Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic February 19, 1866 –
July 18, 1866
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Henry Koontz - Brady-Handy.jpg
William H. Koontz
Republican July 18, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg
John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
BenjaminFranklinMeyers.jpg
Benjamin F. Meyers
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg
John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Sobieski Ross - Brady-Handy.jpg
Sobieski Ross
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Redistricted from the 18th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John I. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg
John I. Mitchell
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Elected to United States Senate
RobertJarvisCochranWalker.jpg
Robert J. C. Walker
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Declined renomination
WilliamWallaceBrown.jpg
William W. Brown
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry Clay McCormick.jpg
Henry C. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
Albert Cole Hopkins (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Albert C. Hopkins
Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
Fred Churchill Leonard (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Fred C. Leonard
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Horace B. Packer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Horace B. Packer
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
EliasDeemer.jpg
Elias Deemer
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Charles H. Dickerman (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Charles H. Dickerman
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Declined renomination
EdmundWSamuel.jpg
Edmund W. Samuel
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John Geiser McHenry (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
John G. McHenry
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
December 27, 1912
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant December 27, 1912 –
March 3, 1913
JohnVandlingLesher.jpg
John V. Lesher
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Isaac Clinton Kline (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
I. Clinton Kline
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Edgar R. Kiess.jpg
Edgar R. Kiess
Republican March 4, 1923 –
July 20, 1930
Redistricted from the 15th district.
Died.
Vacant July 20, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
Robert F. Rich (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Robert F. Rich
Republican November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas E. Scanlon Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted from the 30th district.
Lost re-election.
Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Samuel K. McConnell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from the 17th district.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Walter M. Mumma (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Walter M. Mumma
Republican January 3, 1953 –
February 25, 1961
Redistricted from the 18th district.
Died.
Vacant February 25, 1961 –
May 16, 1961
John C. Kunkel.jpg
John C. Kunkel
Republican May 16, 1961 –
December 30, 1966
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant December 30, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
Edwin D. Eshleman.jpg
Edwin D. Eshleman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
RobertWalkerPA.jpg
Robert S. Walker
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1997
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Joe Pitts, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg
Joseph R. Pitts
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2017
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Lloyd Smucker official congressional photo.jpg
Lloyd Smucker
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Mike Kelly, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Mike Kelly
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°01′15″N 76°12′48″W / 40.02083°N 76.21333°W / 40.02083; -76.21333