Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 1.png
Boundaries beginning January 2019; below statistics, except PVI, apply to old boundaries
U.S. Representative
  Brian Fitzpatrick
RLevittown
Distribution
  • 100.00% urban
  • 0.00% rural
Population (2000)646,357
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+1[1]

Pennsylvania's first congressional district includes all of Bucks County and a sliver of Montgomery County in southeastern Pennsylvania. It has been represented by Brian Fitzpatrick since 2019.

The state congressional district map was redrawn by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional due to partisan gerrymandering; the previous 1st district was geographically succeeded by the newly redrawn 2nd district which on November 6, 2018 elected Brendan Boyle, the incumbent from the 13th district. The new first district is similar to the previous eighth district, with the new boundaries going into effect for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[2] Brian Fitzpatrick, the incumbent from the previous 8th district, was elected on November 6, 2018 to the newly redrawn 1st district.

One of the main characters of the Netflix original series House of Cards, Peter Russo, is depicted as representing the district in the United States House of Representatives.

List of members representing the district[edit]

The district was organized from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district in 1791.

1791–1793: One seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Thomas Fitzsimons.jpg
Thomas Fitzsimons
Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1791.
Redistricted to the at-large district.

1795–1803: One seat[edit]

The district was organized from Pennsylvania's At-large congressional district in 1795.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
John Swanwick Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
August 1, 1798
Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Died.
Vacant August 1, 1798 –
December 3, 1798
Robert Waln Democratic-Republican December 3, 1798 –
March 3, 1801
Elected October 9, 1798 to finish Swanwick's term and seated December 3, 1798.
Elected the same day to the next term.
Retired.
William-Jones.jpg
William Jones
Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1800.
Retired.

1803–1823: Three seats, then four[edit]

The district was reorganized in 1803 to have 3 At-large seats on a general ticket. The district was apportioned a fourth seat in 1813, also elected on a general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
8th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
JosephClay.jpg
Joseph Clay
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Resigned.
Jacob Richards Democratic-Republican Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
Michael Leib.jpg
Michael Leib
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned.
Fourth seat added in 1812.
9th March 4, 1805 –
February 14, 1806
February 14, 1806 –
December 8, 1806
Vacant
December 8, 1806 –
March 3, 1807
John Porter Democratic-Republican Elected in 1806.
Later elected to finish Leib's term.
Re-elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
10th March 4, 1807 –
March 28, 1808
March 28, 1808 –
November 16, 1808
Vacant
November 16, 1808 –
March 3, 1809
Benjamin Say Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Clay's term.
Re-elected in 1808.
Resigned.
11th March 4, 1809 –
June 1809
William Anderson Democratic-Republican Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Lost re-election.
June 1809 –
October 10, 1809
Vacant
October 10, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Anderson's term.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Lost re-election.
12th March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
James Milnor Federalist Elected in 1810.
Retired.
13th March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Charles J. Ingersoll Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812.
Lost re-election.
John Conard Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812.
Retired.
14th March 4, 1815 –
May 16, 1815
William Milnor Federalist Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Thomas Smith Federalist Elected in 1814.
Retired.
Joseph Hopkinson.jpg
Joseph Hopkinson
Federalist Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Retired.
USACE Colonel Jonathan Williams.jpg
Jonathan Williams
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
Died.
May 16, 1815 –
October 10, 1815
Vacant
October 10, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
JohnSergeant.png
John Sergeant
Federalist Elected to finish Williams's term.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
15th March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican Elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
William Anderson Democratic-Republican Elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Thomas Forrest by Charles Willson Peale 1820.jpg
Thomas Forrest
Federalist Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
JosephHemphill.jpg
Joseph Hemphill
Federalist Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and won re-election.
Samuel Edwards.png
Samuel Edwards
Federalist Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 4th district and won re-election.
17th March 4, 1821 –
May 8, 1822
William Milnor Federalist Elected in 1820.
Resigned.
May 8, 1822 –
October 8, 1822
Vacant
October 8, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Thomas Forrest by Charles Willson Peale 1820.jpg
Thomas Forrest
Federalist Elected to finish Milnor's term, but on the same day lost election to the next term when redistricted to the 3rd district.

1823–present: One seat[edit]

The district was reorganized in 1823 to have one seat.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Samuel Breck Adams-Clay
Federalist
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Wurts Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Paynter Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Charles Brown Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Edward J. Morris Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing.]
LCLevin-small.jpg
Lewis C. Levin
American March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Thomas Birch Florence.jpg
Thomas B. Florence
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
William E. Lehman Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Samuel J. Randall - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel J. Randall
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Chapman Freeman - Brady-Handy.jpg
Chapman Freeman
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Henry Harrison Bingham.png
Henry H. Bingham
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 22, 1912
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant March 22, 1912 –
May 24, 1912
WilliamVare.jpg
William S. Vare
Republican May 24, 1912 –
March 3, 1927
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
James M. Hazlett Republican March 4, 1927 –
October 20, 1927
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant October 20, 1927 –
November 8, 1927
James M Beck.jpg
James M. Beck
Republican November 8, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Hazlett's term.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Harry C. Ransley Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Leon Sacks Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James A. Gallagher Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Barrett Wm A.png
William A. Barrett
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James A. Gallagher Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
WilliamABarrett.jpg
William A. Barrett
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
April 12, 1976
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant April 12, 1976 –
November 2, 1976
Michael Myers 95th Congress photo.jpg
Michael Myers
Democratic November 2, 1976 –
October 2, 1980
Expelled.
Vacant October 2, 1980 –
January 3, 1981
Ambassador Tom Foglietta.jpg
Thomas M. Foglietta
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
November 11, 1997
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to Italy.
Vacant November 11, 1997 –
May 19, 1998
Bobbrady.jpeg
Bob Brady
Democratic May 19, 1998 –
January 3, 2019
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Retired.
Brian Fitzpatrick official congressional photo.jpg
Brian Fitzpatrick
Republican January 3, 2019 –
present
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]

Living former members[edit]

As of January 2019, there are two living former members of the House from the district. The most recent to die was Thomas M. Foglietta (served 1981–1997) on November 13, 2004.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Michael Myers 1976–1980 (1943-05-04) May 4, 1943 (age 75)
Bob Brady 1998–2019 (1945-04-07) April 7, 1945 (age 73)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°55′40″N 75°12′51″W / 39.92778°N 75.21417°W / 39.92778; -75.21417