Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district

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Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 4.png
Boundaries beginning January 3, 2019
 
Cook PVID+7[1]
The 4th congressional district's boundaries from January 3, 2013 to January 2019

Pennsylvania's fourth district is located, through 2018, in the south-central part of the state, covering all of Adams and York counties, as well as parts of Cumberland and Dauphin counties, with representation by Republican Scott Perry. The newly designated district four, effective in early 2019, encompasses the majority of Montgomery County in southeastern Pennsylvania, and will be represented by Madeleine Dean.

History[edit]

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the state's congressional districts in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional. The fourth district was reconfigured as a Democratic-leaning area to the northwest of Philadelphia for the 2018 election and representation thereafter. Geographically, it is the successor to the 13th district, represented by Democrat Brendan Boyle. Boyle, however, opted to run in the neighboring 2nd district, the geographic successor to the 1st district, represented by retiring incumbent Bob Brady. The bulk of Perry's representation, including York and Harrisburg, will become part of a redrawn tenth district. Gettysburg and Adams County will join a new, heavily Republican 13th District, which will be the successor to the old ninth district of retiring Congressman Bill Shuster. Areas to the south and east of York join Lancaster in a redrawn, heavily Republican eleventh district, the successor of Republican Lloyd Smucker's 16th district.[2]

This district changed drastically when Pennsylvania's new districts went into effect on January 3, 2013. Due to slower population growth than the nation as a whole, Pennsylvania lost a seat in Congress in reapportionment following the 2010 United States Census, and this seat was effectively eliminated. Most of the 4th district was merged into a redrawn 12th district, and the previous 19th district was rebranded as the 4th. From 2003 to 2013 it included suburbs of Pittsburgh as well as Beaver County, Lawrence County, and Mercer County. The district had a slight Democratic registration edge, although it has voted for Republicans in several federal elections over the past decade, including for President George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004, as well as Lynn Swann for governor in 2006. The heart of the district was a string of mostly white and middle class suburbs. Plum and Murrysville, two large and mainly residential boroughs, are the main towns in the suburban portion of the district that lies to the east of the city. Also included were the many suburban areas that make up northern Allegheny County and southern Butler County, Pennsylvania, including the larger communities of McCandless and Franklin Park, as well as several exclusive suburbs that have long been home to Pittsburgh's old money elite, including Fox Chapel and Sewickley. The northern suburbs had a generally moderate voting populace, which trends Democratic but makes up the swing vote, especially in races for national office. Further north, the district took on a different character. The suburban areas of Beaver County are somewhat less affluent and were heavily labor Democratic. The areas of Lawrence County and Mercer County had a more rural feel, but also had a union Democrat center within the city of New Castle.

List of members representing the district[edit]

The district was organized from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district in 1791

1791–1793: One seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Daniel Hiester Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Redistricted from the at-large district.
Redistricted to the at-large district.

1795–1843: Two, then one, then three seats[edit]

District created in 1795 with two seats from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district. The second seat was eliminated in 1813. The second seat was restored in 1823 along with a third seat.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
4th March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist Resigned. John Richards Democratic-Republican Retired. No third seat until 1823
5th March 4, 1797 –
August 29, 1798
John Chapman Federalist Lost re-election.
August 29, 1798 –
December 4, 1798
Vacant
December 4, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican Elected October 9, 1798 to finish Sitgreaves's term.

Also elected October 9, 1798 to the next term.

Elected October 14, 1800.

Redistricted to the 2nd district.
6th March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Peter Muhlenberg2.jpg
Peter Muhlenberg
Democratic-Republican Elected October 9, 1798.

Elected October 14, 1800.

Elected U.S. Senator therefore declined House seat in the 7th Congress.
7th March 4, 1801 –
October 13, 1801
Vacant
October 13, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Isaac Van Horne Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Muhlenberg's term.

Redistricted to the 2nd district.
8th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 6th district.

Died.
David Bard Democratic-Republican Redistricted to the 9th district.
9th March 4, 1805 –
July 23, 1805
July 23, 1805 –
November 7, 1805
Vacant
November 7, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican Redistricted to the 5th district.
10th March 4, 1807
March 3, 1809
11th March 4, 1809
March 3, 1811
12th March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
13th March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Hugh Glasgow Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812. No second seat from 1813 to 1823
14th March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Re-elected in 1814.

[Data unknown/missing.]
15th March 4, 1817 –
April 20, 1818
Jacob Spangler Democratic-Republican Elected in 1816.

Resigned to become Surveyor-General of Pennsylvania.
April 20, 1818 –
November 16, 1818
Vacant
November 16, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
Jacob Hostetter Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818 to finish Spangler's term.
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1818 to the next term.

[Data unknown/missing.]
17th March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
James S. Mitchell Democratic-Republican Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
JamesBuchanan crop.jpg
James Buchanan
Jacksonian
Federalist
Redistricted from the 3rd district. Samuel Edwards.png
Samuel Edwards
Jacksonian
Federalist
Redistricted from the 1st district. Isaac Wayne Jacksonian
Federalist
[Data unknown/missing.]
19th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian Jacksonian Charles Miner Adams [Data unknown/missing.]
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Samuel Anderson Adams Returned to Pennsylvania House
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
GeorgeGrayLeiper.jpg
George G. Leiper
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.] Joshua Evans, Jr. Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
William Hiester Anti-
Masonic
[Data unknown/missing.] David Potts, Jr. Anti-
Masonic
[Data unknown/missing.]
23rd March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Edward Darlington Anti-
Masonic
[Data unknown/missing.]
24th March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Edward Davies Anti-
Masonic
[Data unknown/missing.]
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Francis James Anti-
Masonic
[Data unknown/missing.] John Edwards Anti-
Masonic
[Data unknown/missing.]
27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Jeremiah Brown Whig Redistricted to the 8th district. Whig Whig

1843–present: One seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Charles J. Ingersoll Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Redistricted from the 3rd district.
John Robbins congressman - Brady-Handy.jpg
John Robbins
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
William H. Witte Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacob Broom engraving.jpg
Jacob Broom
American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Lost renomination.
Henry Myer Phillips (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Henry M. Phillips
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Lost re-election.
William Millward Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Lost renomination.
William D. Kelley - Brady-Handy.jpg
William D. Kelley
Republican March 4, 1861 –
January 9, 1890
Died.
Vacant January 9, 1890 –
February 18, 1890
John Edgar Reyburn (Pennsylvania Congressman Philadelphia Mayor).jpg
John E. Reyburn
Republican February 18, 1890 –
March 3, 1897
Lost renomination.
JamesRYoung.jpg
James R. Young
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert H. Foerderer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Robert H. Foerderer
Republican March 4, 1903 –
July 26, 1903
Redistricted from the at-large district
Died.
Vacant July 26, 1903 –
November 3, 1903
Reuben O. Moon Republican November 3, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
Lost renomination.
George W. Edmonds Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1925
Lost renomination.
Benjamin M. Golder Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.
George W. Edmonds Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Lost re-election.
J. Burrwood Daly Democratic January 3, 1935 –
March 12, 1939
Died.
Vacant March 12, 1939 –
November 7, 1939
John E. Sheridan Democratic November 7, 1939 –
January 3, 1947
Retired
Franklin J. Maloney Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Lost re-election.
Earl Chudoff Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 5, 1958
Resigned to become judge of the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas.
Vacant January 5, 1958 –
May 20, 1958
Robert Nix, Sr..jpg
Robert N. C. Nix, Sr.
Democratic May 20, 1958 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Herman Toll.jpg
Herman Toll
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Joshua Eilberg.jpg
Joshua Eilberg
Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1979
Lost renomination.
Charles Dougherty.png
Charles F. Dougherty
Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1983
Lost re-election.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Joseph Kolter.png
Joseph P. Kolter
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Lost renomination.
Ron Klink.jpg
Ron Klink
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2001
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
MelissaHartCongress.jpg
Melissa Hart
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2007
Lost re-election.
Jasoaltmire.jpeg
Jason Altmire
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 12th district and lost renomination there.
Scott Perry official photo.jpg
Scott Perry
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Madeleine Dean Democratic January 3, 2019 – Elected in 2018.

Recent elections[edit]

2006 election[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jason Altmire 130,480 51.92
Republican Melissa Hart (Incumbent) 120,822 48.08
Majority 9,658 3.84
Turnout 251,302 100
2008 election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jason Altmire (Incumbent) 186,536 55.86
Republican Melissa Hart 147,411 44.14
2010 election[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jason Altmire (Incumbent) 120,827 50.81
Republican Keith Rothfus 116,958 49.19
2012 election[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Scott Perry 181,603 59.74
Democratic Harry Perkinson 104,643 34.42
Independent Wayne W. Wolff 11,524 3.79
Libertarian Michael B. Koffenberger 6,210 2.04
2014 election[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Scott Perry (Incumbent) 147,090 74.54
Democratic Linda D. Thompson 50,250 25.46
2016 election[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Scott Perry (Incumbent) 220,628 66.06
Democratic Joshua T. Burkholder 113,372 33.94
2018 election[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Madeleine Dean 210,219 63.45
Republican Daniel David 121,117 36.66

Historical district boundaries[edit]

In the very early 19th Century this district included all or part of Bucks County.

2005–2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ "CNN Elections Results 2006". Retrieved 9 November 2006.
  4. ^ "2008 General Election: Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 4, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  5. ^ "2010 General Election: Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 2, 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  6. ^ "2012 General Election: Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 6, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  7. ^ "2014 General Election: Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  8. ^ "2016 General Election: Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "2018 General Election: Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 6, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°59′N 76°56′W / 39.983°N 76.933°W / 39.983; -76.933