Pennsylvania's congressional districts

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District boundaries since 2023

After the 2000 census, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was divided into 19 congressional districts, decreasing from 21 due to reapportionment.

After the 2010 census, the number of districts decreased again to 18. In the 2022 midterms, per the 2020 United States census, Pennsylvania lost one congressional seat, bringing the delegation's number to 17 districts.[1]

Current districts and representatives[edit]

The congressional delegation from Pennsylvania consists of 17 members. In the current delegation, 9 representatives are Democrats and 8 are Republicans. The list below identifies the members of the United States House delegation from Pennsylvania, their service start dates, and current court-ordered district boundaries.

Current U.S. representatives from Pennsylvania
District Member
Party Incumbent since CPVI
District map
1st Brian Fitzpatrick official congressional photo.jpg
Brian Fitzpatrick
Republican January 3, 2017 EVEN Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district (since 2023).svg
2nd Brendan Boyle - 2018-05-21 ec 0004.jpg
Brendan Boyle
Democratic January 3, 2015 D+20
Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district in Philadelphia (since 2023).svg
3rd Dwight Evans official portrait.jpg
Dwight Evans
Democratic November 14, 2016 D+39
Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district in Philadelphia (since 2023).svg
4th Madeleine Dean Official Portrait 116th Congress.jpg
Madeleine Dean
(Bala Cynwyd)
Democratic January 3, 2019 D+7 Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district (since 2023).svg
5th Mary Gay Scanlon, official portrait, 2018.jpg
Mary Gay Scanlon
Democratic November 13, 2018 D+14 Pennsylvania's 5th congressional district (since 2023).svg
6th Chrissy Houlahan, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Chrissy Houlahan
Democratic January 3, 2019 D+5 Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district (since 2023).svg
7th Susan Wild, Official Portrait, 115th Congress.jpg
Susan Wild
Democratic November 27, 2018 R+2 Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district (since 2023).svg
8th Matt Cartwright, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Matt Cartwright
Democratic January 3, 2013 R+4 Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district (since 2023).svg
9th Rep. Dan Meuser official photo, 116th congress.jpg
Dan Meuser
Republican January 3, 2019 R+21 Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district (since 2023).svg
10th Scott Perry, official portrait, 116th congress.jpg
Scott Perry
Republican January 3, 2013 R+5 Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district (since 2023).svg
11th Lloyd Smucker Official Congressional Photo.jpg
Lloyd Smucker
Republican January 3, 2017 R+13 Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district (since 2023).svg
12th Rep. Summer Lee - 118th Congress.jpg
Summer Lee
Democratic January 3, 2023 D+8 Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district in Pittsburgh (since 2023).svg
13th John Joyce, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
John Joyce
Republican January 3, 2019 R+25 Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district (since 2023).svg
14th Guy Reschenthaler, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Guy Reschenthaler
(Peters Township)
Republican January 3, 2019 R+18 Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district (since 2023).svg
15th Glennthompson.jpg
Glenn Thompson
Republican January 3, 2009 R+21 Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district (since 2023).svg
16th Mike Kelly, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Mike Kelly
Republican January 3, 2011 R+13 Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district (since 2023).svg
17th Rep. Chris Deluzio - 118th Congress.jpg
Chris Deluzio
Democratic January 3, 2023 EVEN Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district in Pittsburgh (since 2023).svg

2012 redistricting and gerrymandering challenge[edit]

Delegation affiliation following 2012 elections:
Red – Republicans (13)
Blue – Democrats (5)

Following the 2010 census, redistricting in Pennsylvania was controlled by elected officials from the Republican party. In 2012, Pennsylvania realigned a number of districts. A number of sitting congressional representatives had their districts modified or merged as part of the redistricting. The merger of districts 4 and 12 forced a primary runoff between the two sitting congressional representatives.[4]

The 2012 redistricting process resulted in a map that disproportionately favored Republican candidates. In the 2012 congressional elections, Democratic candidates won 50.5% of the total votes cast.[5] However, only five of the state's 18 federal Representatives (27.78%) were Democrats.[6]

On June 14, 2017, the League of Women Voters of Pennsylvania filed a lawsuit, alleging that the district boundaries constituted an unconstitutional partisan gerrymander.[7] The case was eventually appealed to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. On January 22, 2018, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled that the congressional districts were unlawfully gerrymandered in violation of the Pennsylvania Constitution.[8] The court ordered the General Assembly and the governor to adopt a remedied map, to be used for the 2018 congressional elections.[8] Pennsylvania Republicans requested a stay from the United States Supreme Court, to delay the drawing of new district boundaries; however, that request was denied on February 5, 2018.[9] The governor and General Assembly failed to reach an agreement regarding the district boundaries, thus the Pennsylvania Supreme Court drew its own remedial map.[10]

On February 19, 2018, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court released a new congressional map, to take effect for the May 15, 2018, primaries.[11] The Court voted to implement the new map by a 4–3 vote.[12] The map was designed with the assistance of Stanford University law professor Nathaniel Persily.[13] The districts in the Court's map were significantly more compact, and its map split fewer municipalities and counties than the prior Republican-drawn map.[14] While the GOP-drawn map had favored Republican candidates, the court-drawn map is expected not to favor one party over the other.[15]

Republican lawmakers from Pennsylvania requested that the Supreme Court block the implementation of the court-drawn map; however, on March 19, 2018, the United States Supreme Court denied their request.[16] A Pennsylvania federal district court dismissed a parallel suit on the same day.[17] Prior to the 2018 House elections, the Republicans had held 12 seats to 6 for the Democrats, and prior to the March 2018 special election in the 18th district, the delegation had consisted of 13 Republicans and 5 Democrats. The 2018 election resulted in 9 Democrats and 9 Republicans in the delegation.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Merica, Dan; Stark, Liz (April 26, 2021). "Census Bureau announces 331 million people in US, Texas will add two congressional seats". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  2. ^ "Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives". Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  3. ^ "2022 Cook PVI: District Map and List". The Cook Political Report. July 12, 2022. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  4. ^ Gibson, Keegan. "Pa's New Congressional Maps".
  5. ^ Wang, Sam (December 5, 2015). "Opinion – Let Math Save Our Democracy" – via
  6. ^ "2012 Pennsylvania House Election Results". Politico. Politico LLC. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  7. ^ Marc Levy. "Pennsylvania's US House district borders challenged in court". The Morning Call. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  8. ^ a b The Associated Press. "Pa. Supreme Court rules state's congressional districts are unconstitutional". Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  9. ^ Mark Scolforo and Mark Sherman. "US Supreme Court Won't Block Pennsylvania Redistricting". Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  10. ^ John Finnerty. "Supreme Court will get to pick new map for state's congressional districts". Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  11. ^ Lozano, Alicia Victoria (February 19, 2018). "Pennsylvania Court Issues New Congressional Map". NBC 10: NBC Philadelphia. 2018 NBCUniversal Media, LLC. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
  12. ^ Lai, Jonathan; Navratil, Liz (February 19, 2018). "Pa. gerrymandering case: State Supreme Court releases new congressional map for 2018 elections". Philadelphia Inquirer. 2018 Philadelphia Media Network (Digital), LLC. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  13. ^ Previti, Emily; Meyer, Katie (February 19, 2018). "In Pennsylvania, New Court-Drawn Voting Map Could Shift Advantage To Democrats". National Public Radio. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  14. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (February 20, 2018). "Pennsylvania Supreme Court draws 'much more competitive' district map to overturn Republican gerrymander". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  15. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin. "The New Pennsylvania Congressional Map, District by District". The New York Times.
  16. ^ Lai, Jonathan; Navratil, Liz (March 19, 2018). "Supreme Court upholds new Pa. congressional district map, rejecting Republican challenge – Philly".
  17. ^ Joseph Ax (March 19, 2018). "Supreme Court upholds Pennsylvania congressional map in win for Democrats". Reuters.

External links[edit]