Pennsylvania Route 309

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PA Route 309 marker

PA Route 309
Major highways in eastern Pennsylvania with PA 309 in red.
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length: 134.043 mi[2] (215.721 km)
Existed: February 1968[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: PA 611 in Philadelphia/Cheltenham
  I-276 / Penna Turnpike in Fort Washington
US 202 in Montgomeryville
I-78 near Allentown
US 222 / PA 222 in Allentown
US 22 in Allentown
US 209 in Tamaqua
I-81 near McAdoo
I-80 in Butler Township
I-81 near Wilkes Barre
US 11 in Kingston
North end: PA 29 near Noxen Township
Counties: Philadelphia, Montgomery, Bucks, Lehigh, Schuylkill, Carbon, Luzerne, Wyoming
Highway system
PA 308 PA 310
US 22 PA-22 (1926).svg PA 23

Pennsylvania Route 309 (PA 309) is a major highway which runs for 134 miles (216 km) through Pennsylvania in the United States. The route runs from the interchange between PA 611 and Cheltenham Avenue on the border of Philadelphia and Cheltenham Township north to an intersection with PA 29 in Bowman Creek, a village in Noxen Township, Wyoming County. It connects Philadelphia and its northern suburbs to Allentown, Hazleton, and Wilkes-Barre. A limited-access highway portion of PA 309 in the Wilkes-Barre area is known as the North Cross Valley Expressway. A limited-access highway portion of PA 309 in Montgomery County is known as the Fort Washington Expressway. PA 309 parallels the newer Interstates 476 and 81 for much of its length.

Route description[edit]

The ending route marker of 309, and a sign marking the adjacent intersection to 611.

Philadelphia to Allentown[edit]

PA 309 begins at an interchange between PA 611 and Cheltenham Avenue on the border of Cheltenham Township and the East Oak Lane section of Philadelphia. It follows Cheltenham Avenue and Ogontz Avenue for a short distance north to become the Fort Washington Expressway, a freeway that forms a major commuter route through the northern suburbs of Philadelphia, passing north through the towns of Fort Washington and Ambler, interchanging with the mainline of the Pennsylvania Turnpike near the former. At Montgomeryville, the route becomes Bethlehem Pike, a four-lane highway through Montgomeryville, Telford, Quakertown, and Coopersburg, with alternating arterial road and freeway segments known for large sections of suburban sprawl. North of Coopersburg, the freeway briefly merges with Interstate 78 to form a primarily six-lane highway that crosses South Mountain before cutting through Allentown's South Side and skirting the city's southwest border.[3]

Allentown to the Wyoming Valley[edit]

PA 309 northbound in the borough of Quakertown
Pennsylvania Route 309 south in Wright Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

After I-78 and PA 309 split near Allentown's southwestern corner, the PA 309 freeway continues north, interchanging with U.S. Route 22 just east of Interstate 476. The freeway then empties onto a two-lane road northwest of Allentown, which is being widened to four lanes as of July 2008 in the Schnecksville area. It continues north through the Lehigh County communities of Orefield, Schnecksville, and New Tripoli then turns northwest, crossing Blue Mountain and the Appalachian Trail on the way to Tamaqua. It then parallels Interstate 81 northward, running through downtown Hazleton and meeting with Interstate 80 north of the city. North of I-80, the route climbs Nescopeck Mountain to the town of Mountain Top, then descends Penobscot Mountain into the Wyoming Valley and merges onto Interstate 81.[3]

The Wyoming Valley to Bowman Creek[edit]

Pennsylvania Route 309 as the North Cross Valley Expressway
Pennsylvania Route 309 in Monroe Township, Wyoming County, very close to its northern terminus

After running concurrently with Interstate 81 for several miles, PA 309 exits onto the North Cross Valley Expressway, a freeway through Wilkes-Barre and across the Susquehanna River to Trucksville. The route then continues northward as an arterial through Shavertown and Dallas, to its end at PA Route 29 at Bowman Creek, south of Tunkhannock.[3]


U.S. Route 309
Location: PhiladelphiaTunkhannock
Existed: 1926–1968

Starting out as a Native American path now referred to as the "Minsi Trail", this route became part of the Bethlehem Pike. In 1926, the U.S. Route 309 designation was given to a route that consisted of Stenton Avenue in Philadelphia, Bethlehem Pike (Old Route 309) from the Philadelphia line to Spring House, modern-day PA 309 into Bucks County, Bethlehem Pike (Old Route 309) through Sellersville, modern-day PA 309 from Quakertown to Lanark, and modern-day PA 145 to Allentown; various city streets through Allentown, exiting northward on Walbert Avenue; modern-day PA 309 from Walbert (in South Whitehall Township) to Schnecksville, modern-day PA 873 to Weiders Crossing near Lehigh Gap, modern-day PA 248 to Weissport, modern-day US 209 to Nesquehoning, modern-day PA 93 to Hazleton, and modern-day PA 309 (and PA 309 Business) to Wilkes-Barre.

In 1930 the highway was extended to the New York state line, following River Street to Pittston, modern-day PA 92 to Tunkhannock, modern-day US 6 to Towanda, and modern-day US 220 to South Waverly. In 1946 the route between Wilkes-Barre and Tunkhannock was changed to the modern-day PA 309 alignment from Wilkes-Barre to Bowman Creek and modern-day PA 29 to Tunkhannock.

In 1948, US 309 was dedicated as the Joseph W. Hunter Highway in honor of the first highway commissioner in Pennsylvania.[1]

In 1954 the routing between Allentown and Hazleton was completely changed. US 309 was routed north on modern-day PA 145 to Fullerton, then west on the Lehigh Valley Thruway along with the rerouted US 22 to Fogelsville. US 309 then turned north on modern-day PA 100 up to Pleasant Corners, and then followed modern-day PA 309 to Hazleton.

Northbound PA 309 approaching interchange with PA 563 in West Rockhill Township

The late 1950s saw the beginnings of bypasses on the route. North of Philadelphia, the Fort Washington Expressway from the PA 73 interchange to north of Spring House opened in 1959; the rest of that expressway from PA 73 south to PA 152 opened in 1961. A bypass west of Allentown from Lanark to US 22 north of Cetronia was completed in 1959, and extended to Walbert in 1962 when US 309 was placed on modern-day PA 309 from US 22 to Pleasant Corners. US 309 had now completely replaced the stretch of the 1920s-era Pennsylvania Route 22 between the former PA 3 in Allentown and the former PA 19 in Wilkes-Barre.

The north end of US 309 between Tunkhannock and Waverly, New York had always been shared with other U.S. highways (6 and 220). In 1964 the US 309 designation was removed from those shared sections, leaving the northern terminus at Tunkhannock. As a result of this, the route was entirely located in Pennsylvania and no longer met the U.S. Highway standards set forth by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO), which discourages routes within a single state.[1] On October 14, 1967, AASHO approved the elimination of the US 309 designation.[4] US 309 was decommissioned in February 1968 and was replaced by PA 309. Signs were changed by the end of the month. In 1967, work began on an expressway for US 309 to bypass Sellersville from just north of the Montgomery/Bucks County line to just south of Quakertown. This bypass opened in 1969 as part of PA 309.[1]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[2] km Exit Destinations Notes
Philadelphia –
Philadelphia –
Cheltenham Township
0.000 0.000 PA 611 (Old York Road) Interchange
Montgomery Cheltenham Township 2.143 3.449 South end of freeway
2.395 3.854 PA 152 north (Easton Road) – Glenside
Springfield Township 4.327 6.964 Paper Mill Road – Springfield
5.187 8.348 PA 73 – Flourtown
Upper Dublin Township 6.677 10.746 I-276 / Penna Turnpike – Fort Washington, Oreland, Harrisburg, New Jersey I-276/PA Turnpike exit 339 (Fort Washington)
7.738 12.453 Highland Avenue Northbound exit, southbound entrance
8.693 13.990 Susquehanna Road Northbound exit, southbound entrance
9.090 14.629 Butler Pike – Ambler Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Lower Gwynedd Township 10.167 16.362 Norristown Road – Spring House
11.829 19.037 Bethlehem Pike Southbound exit, northbound entrance
11.829 19.037 North end of freeway
12.257 19.726 PA 63 (Welsh Road)
Montgomery Township 14.211 22.870 US 202 – Doylestown, Norristown Interchange
15.337 24.683 PA 463 (Cowpath Road / Horsham Road) – Lansdale, Hatboro
Montgomery –
Hatfield Township –
Hilltown Township
19.943 32.095 South end of freeway
19.943 32.095 Bethlehem Pike – Sellersville Northbound exit, southbound entrance
Bucks Hilltown Township 21.521 34.635 PA 113 – Souderton
West Rockhill Township 23.414 37.681 PA 152 south – Telford, Sellersville
25.382 40.848 PA 563 – Perkasie Access provided via Lawn Avenue
28.338 45.606 Sellersville, Perkasie Southbound exit, northbound entrance
28.338 45.606 North end of freeway
Quakertown 31.234 50.266 PA 663 south (John Fries Highway) to Penna Turnpike NE Extension – Pennsburg
PA 313 east (Broad Street) – Quakertown
Lehigh Upper Saucon Township 37.583 60.484 PA 378 north – Bethlehem
39.986 64.351 South end of freeway
40.528 65.223 PA 145 north (South Fourth Street) Northbound exit, southbound entrance
40.955 65.911 I-78 east – Bethlehem South end of I-78 overlap, I-78 exit 60
41.139 66.207 59 To PA 145 – Summit Lawn Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Allentown 42.527 68.441 58 Emaus Avenue south Northbound exit
43.005 69.210 57 Lehigh Street
44.814 72.121 55 PA 29 south (Cedar Crest Boulevard)
45.966 73.975 54 US 222 south / PA 222 north (Hamilton Boulevard) Signed as exits 54A (south) and 54B (north) northbound, Access to Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom
46.591 74.981 I-78 west (Walter J. Dealtrey Memorial Highway) – Harrisburg Northbound exit, southbound entrance, north end of I-78 overlap, I-78 exit 53
47.530 76.492 Tilghman Street (SR 1002) Former US 22
48.275 77.691 US 22 (Lehigh Valley Thruway) – Allentown, Bethlehem, Harrisburg
48.366 77.838 North end of freeway
North Whitehall Township 54.244 87.297 PA 873 north (Main Street) – Slatington
Heidelberg Township 59.038 95.012 PA 100 south – Fogelsville
Lynn Township 61.614 99.158 PA 143 south (Decatur Street/Kings Highway) – New Tripoli, Lenhartsville
Schuylkill West Penn Township 69.430 111.737 PA 895 (Lizard Creek Road/Summer Valley Road) – New Ringgold, Bowmanstown
73.987 119.071 PA 443 east (Blakeslee Boulevard) – Lehighton, Jim Thorpe South end of PA 443 overlap
74.975 120.661 PA 443 west (Clamtown Road) – New Ringgold, Orwigsburg North end of PA 443 overlap
Tamaqua 78.105 125.698 US 209 (Broad Street) – Pottsville, Coaldale, Lansford
Rush Township 80.141 128.974 PA 54 (Mahanoy Avenue/Lafayette Street) – Mahanoy City, Jim Thorpe
Kline Township 84.705 136.319 I-81 – Hazleton, Harrisburg I-81 exit 138
No major junctions
Luzerne Hazle Township 88.308 142.118 PA 424 (Arthur Gardner Highway) to I-81 / PA 93 – Hazleton Commerce Center
Hazleton 90.192 145.150 PA 93 (Broad Street)
91.148 146.688 PA 924 south (15th Street)
91.527 147.298 PA 940 east (28th Street) – Eckley, Freeland
Butler Township 98.111–
I-80 – Bloomsburg, Stroudsburg I-80 exit 262
Fairview Township 107.993 173.798 PA 437 south (Woodlawn Avenue) – Glen Summit, White Haven
Wilkes-Barre Township 110.979 178.603 South end of freeway
110.979 178.603
PA 309 Bus. north – Wilkes-Barre
Northbound exit
110.979 178.603 I-81 south – Harrisburg Southbound exit, south end of I-81 overlap, I-81 exit 165
113.986 183.443 168 Highland Park Boulevard – Wilkes-Barre
115.962 186.623 I-81 north – Scranton
PA 115 south – Bear Creek
North end of I-81 overlap, south end of North Cross Valley Expressway, I-81 exit 170
Wilkes-Barre 116.700 187.810 1
PA 315 north / PA 309 Bus. south – Dupont, Wilkes-Barre
117.904 189.748 2 Wilkes-Barre Center City (North Wilkes-Barre Boulevard)
Plains Township 118.641 190.934 3 Wilkes-Barre, Plains (SR 2004 / South River Street)
Kingston 119.450 192.236 4 To US 11 – Kingston, Forty Fort Northbound exit, southbound entrance[5]
119.829 192.846 5 US 11 – Forty Fort, Kingston Southbound exit, northbound entrance[5]
Pringle 120.484 193.900 6 Luzerne (SR 1013 / Union Street) Northbound exit, southbound entrance[6]
Luzerne 121.295 195.205 6 Luzerne (SR 1008 / Main Street) Southbound exit, northbound entrance[6]
121.389 195.357 North end of freeway (north end of North Cross Valley Expressway)
Dallas 125.816 202.481 PA 415 north (Memorial Highway) to PA 118
Wyoming Noxen Township 134.043 215.721 PA 29 – Tunkhannock
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Bannered routes[edit]

PA 309 Truck[edit]

PA Route 309 Truck
Location: Luzerne County

Pennsylvania Route 309 Truck is a truck route of PA 309 that bypasses a weight restricted bridge on PA 309 over Bow Creek on which trucks over 28 tons and combination loads over 35 tons are prohibited. The route was signed in 2013.

PA 309 Business[edit]

PA Route 309 Business
Location: Wilkes-Barre Township
Length: 4.649 mi[2] (7.482 km)

Pennsylvania Route 309 Business, often referred to as Business Route 309 or PA 309 BR, is the original alignment of PA Route 309 before the road was realigned to run concurrent with Interstate 81 between Exits 165 and 170. This business route stretches approximately 4.6 miles (7.4 km) through Wilkes-Barre Township.

Where PA 309 merges onto Interstate 81 at Exit 165, Business Route 309 heads north on Wilkes-Barre Township Boulevard. The route intersects with main streets such as Blackman Street, East Northampton Street, Highland Park Boulevard, Coal Street, Mundy Street, and Scott Street. It then follows along Kidder Street where it forms the northern boundary of the Wyoming Valley Mall property and rejoins PA 309 at the intersection of PA Route 315 near Exit 170 of Interstate 81.

At the intersection of Business Route 309 and Casey Avenue is a park and ride facility with 75 total spaces.[7]

Major intersections
The entire route is in Luzerne County.

Location mi[2] km Destinations Notes
Wilkes-Barre Township 0.000 0.000 I-81 / PA 309 north – Nanticoke, Hazleton, Scranton
PA 309 south – Mountain Top
I-81/PA 309 exit 165
1.889 3.040 Wilkes-Barre, Laurel Run (Northampton Street) Interchange
Wilkes-Barre 4.649 7.482 PA 309 to I-81 / PA 115 – Forty Fort, Dallas
PA 315 north – Dupont
PA 309 exit 1
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Former US 309 Truck[edit]

U.S. Route 309 Truck
Location: Philadelphia

U.S. Route 309 Truck (US 309 Truck) was a truck bypass of the section of US 309 that ran along Lincoln Drive in Philadelphia. US 309 Truck began at US 1 Byp./US 13 Byp. (Hunting Park Avenue) and headed northwest on Germantown Avenue. The truck route ended at US 309, US 422, and US 611 Alt. at the intersection of Germantown Avenue, Mt. Airy Avenue, and Chew Avenue, at which point Germantown Avenue continued northwest as US 309/US 422. US 309 Truck was designated by 1950.[8] The truck route was decommissioned in the 1950s, being replaced with US 422 north of Washington Lane.[9]

Former US 309 Bypass[edit]

U.S. Route 309 Bypass
Location: Allentown

U.S. Route 309 Bypass (US 309 Byp.) was a bypass of a portion of US 309 north of Allentown. The route began at US 22/US 309 (Tilghman Street), heading north of 12th Street briefly before turning northwest onto Roth Avenue.[8] US 309 Byp. ended at US 309 at the intersection of 19th Street and Main Boulevard. US 309 Byp. was designated by 1940.[10] The bypass route was decommissioned in the 1950s.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "U.S. Route 309 Will Become A State Highway This Month". Standard-Speaker (Hazleton, PA). February 5, 1968. Retrieved August 13, 2015 – via  open access publication - free to read
  2. ^ a b c d Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (January 2015). Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams (Report) (2015 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 30, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c Google (December 24, 2012). "overview of Pennsylvania Route 309" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee (October 14, 1967). "U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Salt Lake City, UT: American Association of State Highway Officials. p. 352. Retrieved August 13, 2015 – via Wikimedia Commons. 
  5. ^ a b Google (2007-05-29). "US 11 and Rutter Avenue interchanges" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  6. ^ a b Google (2007-05-29). "Exit 6" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  7. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Park and Ride Locations (2006). Retrieved May 28, 2008.
  8. ^ a b Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Official Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1940. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google