Pennsylvania wine

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Pennsylvania
Wine region
Map of USA PA.svg
Official nameCommonwealth of Pennsylvania
TypeU.S. state
Year established1787
CountryUnited States
Sub-regionsCentral Delaware Valley AVA, Cumberland Valley AVA, Lake Erie AVA, Lancaster Valley AVA, Lehigh Valley AVA
Climate regionContinental in AVA's, also humid subtropical in extreme SE lowlands
Total area46,055 square miles (119,282 km2)
Grapes producedAurore, Baco noir, Barbera, Cabernet Foch, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmine, Catawba, Cayuga, Chambourcin, Chancellor, Chardonel, Chardonnay, Chelois, Concord, Corvina, De Chaunac, Delaware, Diamond, Dolcetto, Dornfelder, Edelweiss, Fredonia, Geisenheim, Gewürztraminer, Isabella, Lemberger, Leon Millot, Malvasia, Marechal Foch, Merlot, Niagara, Noiret, Norton, Petit Verdot, Pinot blanc, Pinot gris, Pinot Meunier, Pinot noir, Primitivo, Rayon d'Or, Riesling, Rougeon, Sangiovese, Sauvignon blanc, Seyval blanc, Siegfried, Steuben, Syrah, Tocai Friulano, Traminette, Vidal blanc, Vignoles, Villard blanc, Villard noir, Vincent, Viognier[1]
No. of wineries119[2]

Pennsylvania wine refers to wine made from grapes grown in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The climate in Pennsylvania is mild compared to surrounding states, with the moderating effects of Lake Erie to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. 119 wineries[2] are located in all parts of the state, including five designated American Viticultural Areas. Pennsylvania is the eighth-largest wine producing state in the country.[1]

The commercial wine industry had important roots in Pennsylvania. Around 1740, the first hybrid of vitis vinifera European grapes and vitis labrusca North American grapes was discovered near Philadelphia. It was initially named Alexander, after the gardener who discovered it.[3] In 1786, Frenchman Pierre 'Peter' Legaux founded the Pennsylvania Vine Company, also just outside of Philadelphia, which would become the nation's first commercial vineyard.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pennsylvania: Appellation Profile". Appellation America. 2007. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Pennsylvania Wineries". Appellation America. 2007. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Madaio, Mike (2019). Lost Mount Penn: Wineries, Railroads and Resorts of Reading. Charleston, SC: The History Press. ISBN 1467141143.

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