Penny Wong

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Senator The Hon
Penny Wong
Senator Penny Wong 2015.jpg
Leader of the Opposition in the Senate
Assumed office
18 September 2013
Deputy Stephen Conroy
Don Farrell
Leader Bill Shorten
Preceded by Eric Abetz
Leader of the Government in the Senate
In office
26 June 2013 – 18 September 2013
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
Deputy Jacinta Collins
Preceded by Stephen Conroy
Succeeded by Eric Abetz
Minister for Finance and Deregulation
In office
14 September 2010 – 18 September 2013
Prime Minister Julia Gillard
Kevin Rudd
Preceded by Lindsay Tanner
Succeeded by Mathias Cormann
Minister for Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Water
In office
3 December 2007 – 13 September 2010
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
Julia Gillard
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Greg Combet
Senator for South Australia
Assumed office
1 July 2002
Personal details
Born Penelope Ying-Yen Wong
(1968-11-05) 5 November 1968 (age 49)
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Citizenship Australian
Malaysian (1968–2001)[1]
Political party Australian Labor Party (ALP)
Domestic partner
Sophie Allouache[1]
(2005–present)
Children 2
Residence Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Education Scotch College
Alma mater University of Adelaide
Occupation Trade union representative
(ACTU)
Policy advisor
(CFMEU)
(Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Union)
Profession Lawyer
Politician
Signature

Penelope Ying-Yen "Penny" Wong (born 5 November 1968) (Traditional Chinese: 黃英賢, Simplified Chinese: 黄英贤, Hanyu Pinyin: Huáng Yīngxián) is an Australian politician who has represented South Australia in the Senate since 2002, and is the current Leader of the Opposition in the Senate and Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs [2]. Wong is a member of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), and was a member of the Federal Cabinet in both the Gillard Government and the first and second Rudd Governments.

Born in Malaysia to an Australian mother and Malaysian father, Wong was educated at Scotch College in Adelaide, and then attended the University of Adelaide, graduating with Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws degrees. Prior to entering Federal parliament, Wong worked as a lawyer and political advisor.[3] Wong is the first Asian-born member of an Australian cabinet.[4] She is the first female openly-LGBTI Australian federal parliamentarian and federal government cabinet minister, and supports legalising same-sex marriage in Australia[5][6] despite previously opposing it.[7]

First elected to the Senate at the 2001 federal election (and sitting from July 2002), Wong was named Minister for Climate Change and Water following Labor's victory under Kevin Rudd at the 2007 election. She went on to be Minister for Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Water in early 2010 .[8] On 13 September 2010, Wong was sworn in as Minister for Finance and Deregulation following the reelection of the Gillard Government. Wong retained the position after Kevin Rudd's successful leadership spill in June 2013, and became Leader of the Government in the Senate, holding these roles until Labor's defeat at the 2013 federal election.[9]

Early life[edit]

Wong was born in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, to Jane (née Chapman) and Francis Wong. Her mother was an Australian and her father was Malaysian Chinese of Hakka origin.[10][11][12] At the age of eight, after her parents separated, she moved to Adelaide, South Australia, with her mother and younger brother.[13]

After starting at Coromandel Valley Primary School, Wong gained a scholarship to Scotch College, Adelaide where she studied chemistry, physics and mathematics, and was accepted into the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery at the University of Adelaide.[14] After spending a year on exchange in Brazil,[15] Wong found she had an aversion to blood. She then studied and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Jurisprudence and a Bachelor of Laws with Honours at the University of Adelaide, and completed a Graduate Diploma of Legal Practice at the University of South Australia.[14][16][17]

While at university, she became involved with the leadership of the Adelaide University Labor Club in 1988,[18] and has been a delegate to the South Australian Labor Party State Convention every year since 1989, (with the exception of 1995).[19] She also worked part-time for the Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU), and won a position on the National Executive of the National Union of Students. A number of her contemporaries at university went on to become Australian politicians. Former senator for South Australia, Natasha Stott Despoja, was a contemporary, along with current Premier of South Australia Jay Weatherill (with whom she had a relationship)[15] and Mark Butler, Labor MP for Port Adelaide.[14][15][18] Wong graduated from the University of South Australia in 1992, and continued her association with the CFMEU as an industrial officer. She was admitted to the South Australian Bar in 1993.

Career[edit]

Wong in 2012.

During 1995 and 1996, Wong acted as an advisor to the CFMEU and to the newly elected New South Wales state government, specialising in the area of forest policy in the middle of the fierce 1990s environmental battles over logging in NSW.[20]

On returning to Adelaide, Wong began practising law, working as a solicitor at the firm Duncan and Hannon (1996–1999). From 1999 to 2002, she worked as a legal officer with the Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Union. During this time she also won a position on the ALP's state executive.

During her legal career (1996–2002), Wong appeared as counsel in 11 reported decisions of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission, 15 reported decisions of the South Australian Industrial Relations Court, 8 reported decisions of the South Australian Industrial Relations Commission, 3 reported decisions of the South Australian Workers Compensation Appeal Tribunal and 10 reported decisions of the South Australian Workers Compensation Tribunal.[21]

Wong ran for pre-selection for the Senate in 2001, and was selected for the top position on the Labor Party's South Australian ticket. She was elected at the 2001 election, her term commencing on 1 July 2002. Wong is a member of EMILY's List Australia, the support network for Labor women, and sat on a number of Senate committees, primarily those related to economics.

In June 2005 Wong was appointed Shadow Minister for Employment and Workforce Participation, and Shadow Minister for Corporate Governance and Responsibility. Following the reshuffle in December 2006, she became responsible for the portfolios of Public Administration and Accountability, Corporate Governance and Responsibility, and Workforce Participation.

In December 2007, in the wake of the Labor Party victory in the 2007 election, Wong was appointed Minister for Climate Change and Water. She accompanied then Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to Bali for the international climate change talks. Wong led final negotiations as Chair of the United Nations Working Group in the closing days of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2007,[22] shortly after her appointment as minister.

In mid 2010 Wong said she agreed with the Labor Party policy on marriage,[23] because there was a, "cultural, religious and historical view of marriage being between a man and a woman".[24]

In September 2010 Prime Minister Julia Gillard promoted her to succeed Lindsay Tanner as Minister for Finance and Deregulation.[25][26]

In February 2013, Wong was appointed Deputy Leader of the Government in the Senate, following the resignation of Chris Evans, the then Government Leader in the Senate.[27] In June 2013, following Stephen Conroy's resignation, she became the first female to be appointed Leader of the Government in the Senate.[28] Following Labor's defeat at the 2013 Australian federal election, Wong was appointed the Leader of the Opposition in the Senate, becoming the first woman to do so.[29]

Personal life[edit]

Wong is a practising Christian, attending Pilgrim Uniting Church in Adelaide.[15]

While at university Wong dated Jay Weatherill, who later also became a prominent South Australian politician.[15] Wong is a lesbian and came out a month after she assumed her Australian Senate seat in 2002.[30] In 2010, Wong was selected by readers of Samesame website as one of the 25 most influential lesbian Australians.[31] Wong's domestic partner, Sophie Allouache, is a public servant and former University of Adelaide Students' Association president. In December 2011, Allouache gave birth to their first child, Alexandra,[32] after announcing the IVF-assisted pregnancy using donor sperm in August 2011.[33] Allouache gave birth to their second daughter, Hannah, on 3 April 2015, at the Adelaide Women's and Children's Hospital.[34]

In 2002 her brother Toby took his own life soon, just ten days after her election to the Senate.[15] As of 2007, Wong's father lives overseas, but they keep in touch.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewis, Rosie; Hutchinson, Samantha (21 August 2017). "Bill Shorten won't produce UK citizenship renunciation proof". The Australian. News Corp Australia. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "The 45th Parliament Shadow Ministry". Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  3. ^ "The Hon. Penny Wong Lecture on Climate Change". Faculty of Law. Queensland University if Technology. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Panellist: Penny Wong - Q&A - ABC TV". www.abc.net.au. 
  5. ^ Farouque, Farah (10 June 2006). "Why, oh why can't I have a civil union?". The Age. Australia. Retrieved 23 May 2007. 
  6. ^ "Australia's Rudd sworn in as PM". BBC News. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007. 
  7. ^ "Brown "horrified" at Wong's anti-gay marriage stance". Sydney Morning Herald. July 26, 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Garrett pays price for insulation debacle". ABC News. Australia. 26 February 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  9. ^ White, Cassie (11 September 2010). "Gillard unveils major frontbench shake-up". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Profile". Asian Currents. Asian Studies Association of Australia. August 2004. Retrieved 3 December 2007. 
  11. ^ Grattan, Michelle (25 September 2007). "Labor voice inspired by the fight for ideas". The Age. Australia. Retrieved 3 December 2007. 
  12. ^ "lumen -- Making their Mark". www.adelaide.edu.au. 
  13. ^ "lumen -- Australian experience builds global perspective". www.adelaide.edu.au. 
  14. ^ a b c "Kitchen Cabinet: Episode 3 Penny Wong". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Freakish powers of a formidable operator". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 December 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2008. 
  16. ^ "ALP personal profile". ALP.org.au. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  17. ^ "Australian Parliament personal profile". Aph.gov.au. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  18. ^ a b Gordon, Josh (5 July 2008). "Can Wong avert carbon-fuelled train wreck?". WA Today. Australia. Retrieved 30 October 2009. 
  19. ^ "Senator Penny Wong: Biography". Australian Labor Party. 
  20. ^ Taylor, Lenore (23 May 2009). "Racism driving force for Penny Wong". The Australian. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  21. ^ Figures from AustLII, accessed at http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/sinosrch.cgi?query=%22P%20Wong%22;results=50;submit=Search;mask_world=;mask_path=;callback=on;method=auto;meta=%2Fau;view=database-natural;offset=0.
  22. ^ Topsfield, Jewel (30 November 2007). "Garrett Stripped of Climate Change Role". The Age. Australia. Retrieved 30 October 2009. 
  23. ^ Dick, Tom (26 July 2010). "Married to the mob". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 September 2015. 
  24. ^ Hayward, Andrea (26 July 2010). "Brown "horrified" at Wong's anti-gay marriage stance". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2015. 
  25. ^ "The Gillard ministry". The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 September 2010. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  26. ^ Gillard, Julia MP (11 September 2010). "Prime Minister announces new Ministry" (Press release). Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  27. ^ Ministerial Representation & Senate Office Holders in the Senate 43rd Parliament • 25 March 2013 • The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, accessed 8 September 2013
  28. ^ Senator The Hon Penny Wong, directory.gov.au, accessed 8 September 2013
  29. ^ "Tanya Plibersek elected deputy Labor leader, Penny Wong re-elected to lead Labor in Senate". ABC News. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "Penny Wong biography: SameSame". 
  31. ^ "Samesame 25: The 25 Most Influential Gay and Lesbian Australians 2010". Samesame. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  32. ^ Murphy, Katharine (14 December 2011). "Wong's joyous vote for new parenthood". The Age. Australia. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  33. ^ Kenny, Mark (9 August 2011). "Baby joy for Finance Minister Penny Wong and partner Sophie Allouache". AdelaideNow. Australia. Retrieved 9 August 2011. 
  34. ^ "Senator Penny Wong welcomes new baby girl into family". The Advertiser. News Limited. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
New ministry Minister for Climate Change,
(Energy Efficiency) and Water

2007–2010
Succeeded by
Greg Combet
as Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency
Succeeded by
Tony Burke
as Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
Preceded by
Lindsay Tanner
Minister for Finance and Deregulation
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Mathias Cormann
as Minister for Finance