Penrhyn language

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Mangarongaro, Penrhynese, Tongareva
Native toCook Islands
RegionPenrhyn Island, Northern Cook Islands
Native speakers
200 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3pnh

The Penrhyn language is a Cook Islands Maori dialectal variant[3] belonging to the Polynesian language family spoken by about 200 people on Penrhyn Island and other islands in Northern Cook Islands.[4] It is considered to be an endangered language as many of its users are shifting to Rarotongan and English.


A, E, H, I, K, M, N, Ng, O, P, R, T, U, V[5]

Long vowels are written with a macron[6].


  1. ^ Penrhyn at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Penrhyn". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Te Reo Maori Act" (2003)
  4. ^ "Penrhyn". Ethnologue. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]