Penrhyn language

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Mangarongaro, Penrhynese, Tongareva
Native toCook Islands
RegionPenrhyn Island, Northern Cook Islands
Native speakers
200 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3pnh

The Penrhyn language is a Cook Islands Maori dialectal variant[3] belonging to the Polynesian language family spoken by about 200 people on Penrhyn Island and other islands in Northern Cook Islands.[4] It is considered to be an endangered language as many of its users are shifting to Cook Islands Māori and English.


A, E, H, I, K, M, N, Ng, O, P, R, T, U, V[5]

Long vowels are written with a macron[6].


  1. ^ Penrhyn at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Māngarongaro". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Te Reo Maori Act" (2003)
  4. ^ "Penrhyn". Ethnologue. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]