Penrith and Cockermouth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Penrith and Cockermouth
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
19181950
Number of membersone
Replaced byPenrith and The Border and Workington
Created fromCockermouth and Penrith

Penrith and Cockermouth was a parliamentary constituency centred on the towns of Penrith and Cockermouth in Cumberland, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

The Urban Districts of Cockermouth, Keswick, and Penrith, the Rural Districts of Alston with Garrigill, and Penrith, and part of the Rural District of Cockermouth.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 James Lowther Speaker
1921 Cecil Lowther Unionist
1922 Levi Collison Liberal
1923 Arthur Dixey Unionist
1935 Alan Gandar Dower Conservative
1950 constituency abolished: see Penrith and The Border

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Penrith & Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Speaker James Lowther Unopposed
Speaker win (new seat)

Lowther stood as a Unionist candidate, and received the Coalition Coupon

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Penrith and Cockermouth by-election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Cecil Lowther 7,678 50.1 N/A
Liberal Levi Collison 7,647 49.9 N/A
Majority 31 0.2 N/A
Turnout 15,325 74.0 N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1922: Penrith and Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Levi Collison 9,114 51.1
Unionist Cecil Lowther 8,736 48.9
Majority 378 2.2
Turnout 83.0
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Penrith and Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Arthur Dixey 9,205 50.9 +2.0
Liberal Levi Collison 8,878 49.1 -2.0
Majority 327 1.8 4.0
Turnout 83.2 +0.2
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.0
General Election 1924: Penrith and Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Arthur Dixey 11,431 67.9
Labour F Tait 5,404 32.1 n/a
Majority 6,027 35.8 +34.0
Turnout 75.9
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1929: Penrith and Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Arthur Dixey 10,595 45.2 -22.7
Liberal Arthur Holgate 8,750 37.4 n/a
Labour Archibald Dodd 4,073 17.4 -14.7
Majority 1,845 7.8 -28.0
Turnout 85.3 +9.4
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Penrith & Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Dixey 12,904 53.1 +7.9
Liberal Arthur Holgate 11,412 46.9
Majority 1,492 6.2
Turnout 86.6 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Penrith & Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Gandar Dower 14,496 64.3
Labour Harold Smith 8,036 35.7 n/a
Majority 6,460 28.6 +22.4
Turnout 78.4
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Penrith & Cockermouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alan Gandar Dower 9,198 37.8 -26.5
Liberal Noel Francis Newsome 6,579 27.0 n/a
Labour Leonard Foster Browne 6,350 26.1 -9.6
National Independent Tom Mitchell 2,204 9.1 n/a
Majority 2,619 10.8
Turnout 79.3
Conservative hold Swing n/a

References[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Penrith
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1918–1921
Succeeded by
Halifax