Pensacola Beach, Florida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pensacola Beach, Florida
A lifeguard stand on Pensacola Beach.
A lifeguard stand on Pensacola Beach.
Pensacola Beach is located in Florida
Pensacola Beach
Pensacola Beach
Coordinates: 30°19′56″N 87°8′30″W / 30.33222°N 87.14167°W / 30.33222; -87.14167Coordinates: 30°19′56″N 87°8′30″W / 30.33222°N 87.14167°W / 30.33222; -87.14167
Country United States
States Florida
CountyEscambia
Founded byTristan de Luna
Area
 • Total29.943 km2 (11.561 sq mi)
 • Land29.660 km2 (11.452 sq mi)
 • Water0.283 km2 (0.109 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
32561
Area code(s)850
Website[1]
The sand color is exceptionally white, as seen in this 1957 photo.

Pensacola Beach is an unincorporated community located on Santa Rosa Island, a barrier island, in Escambia County, Florida, United States. It is situated south of Pensacola (and Gulf Breeze connected via bridges spanning to the Fairpoint Peninsula and then to the island) in the Gulf of Mexico. As of the 2000 census, the community had a total population of 2,738. It has been described as "famous" for its ultra-white sand beaches.[1][2]

Pensacola Beach occupies land bound by a 1947 deed from the United States Department of Interior that it be administered in the public interest by the county or leased, but never "disposed"; its businesses and residents are thus long-term leaseholders and not property owners.[3]

Pensacola Beach is part of the PensacolaFerry PassBrent Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Escambia and Santa Rosa counties.

History[edit]

Also see: History of Pensacola, Florida.

Francisco Maldonado, a lieutenant[4] under Conquistador Hernando de Soto, visited the area during the early Spanish exploration of North America. He anchored in Pensacola Bay for the winter of 1539–1540.[5][6]

In 1559, Don Tristan de Luna y Arellano led the first settlement of the region.[4] His 11 ships, with 1500 settlers,[4] anchored in the bay and established its colony on the site of today's Naval Air Station Pensacola. A hurricane decimated the colony a few weeks later, killing hundreds and sinking five ships.[4] Suffering long-term famine and fighting, this first settlement was finally abandoned in 1561.[4] A presidio was constructed on Santa Rosa Island in 1722 near the location of the more recent Fort Pickens. Hurricanes in 1741 and 1752[5] forced its relocation to the mainland.

Pensacola Beach for many years remained largely undeveloped. The Casino Resort was the first tourist destination constructed on the island (at the present day location of Casino Beach) where a variety of special events including beauty pageants, fishing tournaments, and boxing matches were held from the 1930s through 1950s. With a bar, tennis courts, bath houses, and a restaurant, it was a popular resort until it eventually closed in the 1960s.

The entire island was initially owned by the federal government. In order to promote infrastructure and growth on the island, the federal government leased the lands now encompassing Pensacola Beach to the Santa Rosa Island Authority (SRIA), which in turn has leased the property to homeowners. As a result, all structures on the island have 99-year renewable leases with the SRIA rather than ownership of the land itself.

Geography[edit]

Pensacola Beach is located at 30°20′00″N 87°08′15″W / 30.33333°N 87.13750°W / 30.33333; -87.13750, on the barrier island of Santa Rosa. It is bordered to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Santa Rosa Sound and Pensacola Bay, and to the east and west by the Gulf Islands National Seashore.

Climate[edit]

Pensacola Beach at sunset.

While generally cooler than most of peninsular Florida, Pensacola Beach maintains a more stable temperature year round than inland areas of Pensacola and Escambia County. As such, winter lows are several degrees warmer than Pensacola proper and summer highs are generally cooler as a result of the surrounding waters.

As with many islands, Pensacola Beach enjoys sea breezes which begin around noon and end around sunset in the summer, and there are often afternoon thunderstorms. The average temperature ranges from 48 °F (9 °C) in January to 89 °F (32 °C) in July.[7]

Hurricanes[edit]

As a community located on a low-lying barrier island, Pensacola Beach is vulnerable to hurricanes. Landfalling storms have been known to drive storm surge over the island, damaging or destroying man-made structures and causing beach erosion.[8] In 1995, two hurricanes made landfall on the island. Hurricane Erin made landfall in August, and Hurricane Opal blasted the island just two months later, leveling some dunes and destroying a number of homes.[9]

On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan devastated the Pensacola Beach area, destroying more than 650 homes and damaging many others. Ivan was the last hurricane to make Florida landfall in 2004, one of the most destructive hurricane seasons in decades.[10]

On July 10, 2005, Hurricane Dennis made landfall between Pensacola Beach and eastern Navarre Beach. However, as with Erin several years earlier, the damage on Pensacola Beach was not nearly as extensive as predicted.

In 2020, Pensacola Beach took the brunt of the storm from Hurricane Sally, seeing widespread wind damage, storm surge flooding, and over 20 inches (510 mm) of rainfall.[11][12] A section of the Pensacola Bay Bridge (known to locals as the Three Mile Bridge) was destroyed during Hurricane Sally.[13]

The island has been subject to mandatory evacuation orders during some of these hurricanes.[14]

Oil spill[edit]

The Deepwater Horizon, a BP-operated oil-drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico off the Louisiana coast, exploded April 20, 2010, eventually releasing almost 5 million barrels of oil into the Gulf before being capped on August 4, 2010.[15] Oil from the explosion did not reach Pensacola beaches until June 4, 2010.[16] Crews posted along Escambia County's coastline quickly cleaned much of the oil that was evident along the beaches.[17] Tourism in the Pensacola Beach area was adversely affected during the summer of 2010.[18] BBC News reported that swimmers at Pensacola Beach "encountered an oil sheen and children picked up tar blobs as big as tennis balls."[19]

Public transportation[edit]

Escambia County Area Transit (ECAT) provides bus transportation seven days per week.[20]

Fire Station #13.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Escambia County Fire Rescue operates Fire Station #13 in Pensacola Beach.[21]

The Escambia County Sheriff's Office has Precinct 1 covering Pensacola Beach, operated out of the Pensacola Beach Sheriff's Substation.[22]

Attractions[edit]

Casino Beach[edit]

The hub of beach activity, Casino Beach, on Pensacola Beach, is named after the original casino that stood in this location and is a popular beach access.[23] The location is dotted with restaurants and family entertainment areas.[24] It is situated next to the Pensacola Beach Gulf Pier, which at 1,471 feet is described as the longest pier on the Gulf of Mexico.[25] The beach is equipped with lifeguard stands and station, volleyball courts, snack bar and large parking lot. The Gulfside Pavilion hosts a "Bands on the Beach" concert series during the summer tourist season.[26]

Blue Angels[edit]

Pensacola beach is know for flyovers by the Blue Angels demonstration team from the nearby Pensacola Naval Air Station base. An annual air show is held each summer.[27]

Quietwater Beach Boardwalk[edit]

The Boardwalk is on the Santa Rosa Sound side of the island, directly across from Casino Beach. Retail shops, restaurants, nightclubs, street musicians and sidewalk artists line it. The Boardwalk has a large sea shell stage where concerts are held several times a year.[28]

Fort Pickens[edit]

Located at the western end of Santa Rosa Island, Fort Pickens was completed in 1834 and used until World War II, when modern weapons made traditional coastal defenses obsolete. It is open to the public as part of the Gulf Islands National Seashore, with a fee required for entry; campsites are also available for a fee.

Architecture[edit]

Commercial Buildings[edit]

A Pensacola Beach sign welcomes drivers from Gulf Breeze Parkway to Pensacola Beach Road.

Pensacola Beach is home to some of the tallest buildings between Tallahassee and Mobile, Alabama.[29] The list below ranks the buildings in height.

  1. Portofino Towers (255 feet, 78 m).
  2. Verandas Tower (255 feet, 78 m).
  3. Beach Club (243 feet, 74 m).
  4. Hilton Pensacola Beach Resort (206 feet, 63 m).
  5. Santa Rosa Towers (206 feet, 63 m).
  6. Emerald Isle Condominium (206 feet, 63 m).
  7. Santa Rosa Towers (206 feet, 63 m).
  8. Tristan Towers (194 feet, 59 m).

Landmarks[edit]

Pensacola Beach Welcome Sign[edit]

Another historical landmark is the vintage Pensacola Beach Sign just outside Pensacola Beach in Gulf Breeze. It was a 60s-era neon sign that directs drivers towards Pensacola Beach's "scenic" views of the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, as well as towards its white sand beaches, motels, and restaurants.[30] The sign was renovated in 2019 to look exactly like the old sign but feature LED lights instead of neon.[31][32]

Beach ball water tower[edit]

The beach ball painted water tower is an iconic symbol of Pensacola Beach.[33] Today the water tower is no longer in use, but has been preserved by the city as a historical landmark.[34]

Novelty houses[edit]

Pensacola's Futuro house.
"Dome of a Home" in Pensacola Beach, FL.

Pensacola Beach is home to several novelty houses, which are homes built with unusual shapes for purposes such as publicity or to copy other famous buildings in parody.

One of the novelty houses in Pensacola is the house "Dome of a Home", built in 2002 using a monolithic dome in the form of a large concrete dome, designed to structurally withstand storm surge and hurricane-force winds of 133 metres per second (300 mph). It withstood hurricanes Ivan and Dennis. It is also known as the "Flintstone Home" due to the fact it resembles a rock home.[35]

Another novelty house is the house with a UFO-shaped Futuro attached as a second story. This Futuro house is sometimes called the "Spaceship House." It was designed in the 1960s by Finnish architect Matti Suuronen. About a hundred of them were constructed.[36]

Education[edit]

Pensacola Beach Elementary School.

There is one school on Pensacola Beach. The Pensacola Beach Elementary School, within the Escambia County School District (ECSD), is for children from kindergarten through fifth grade. This school has an enrollment ranging from 120 to 140 students. All elementary-school age children on Pensacola Beach are eligible to attend the school. The first year the school was open, for the school year 1977–1978, classes were held in an empty A-frame house. The Pensacola Beach Volunteer Fire Department building was also used in aiding the teachers and administrators. In November 1977, four portable buildings were moved to the present site. They school has received the 5 Star School award since 1998.[citation needed] In 2001 the Pensacola Beach Elementary lost its direct district operational control and became a charter school.[37] In September 2004 Hurricane Ivan destroyed an office and four classrooms. Jeff Castleberry, the principal, argued that ECSD would have closed the school if it had direct operational control. The costs to fix the damage at Pensacola Beach Elementary was $1.5 million. The campus is adjacent to the Gulf of Mexico and is built on stilt. The school has been described as one of several Escambia County charter schools that "exemplify charter schools at their finest".[38]

Pensacola Beach is zoned for (assigned to) a different ECSD elementary school, Suter Elementary School,[39] as well as Workman Middle School,[40] and Pensacola High School.[41] However, most middle- and high-school students in Pensacola Beach attend Gulf Breeze Middle School and Gulf Breeze High School, operated by Santa Rosa County School District.[37] In addition, some attend Pensacola-area magnet schools.[42]

Religion[edit]

There are only two traditional churches on the island of Pensacola Beach. It is under the laws and guidelines of the Santa Rosa Island Authority that these be the only churches on the island. However, since around 2011, at least two other area churches have held satellite church meetings and openly worshipped on the water's edge on Sunday mornings.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pensacola Beach". Pensacola News Journal (in American English). Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  2. ^ Kelly, Leslie. "How Is The Margarita At Jimmy Buffett's Margaritaville?". Forbes. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  3. ^ "Beach Leaseholders' Lawsuit Filed" Archived May 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Pensacola Beach Blog (December 21, 2004). Retrieved October 18, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e "The Spanish Presence in Northwest Florida – 1513 to 1705" (history), University of West Florida, 2006, webpage: UWF-hist Archived December 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b "Santa Rosa Island – A History (Part 1)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on June 14, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2007.
  6. ^ "Pensacola" (in Italian). Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2007.
  7. ^ "Global Summary of the Year Location Details: Pensacola, FL US, CITY:US120032 | Climate Data Online (CDO) | National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  8. ^ Eliott C. McLaughlin, Christina Maxouris, Eric Levenson and Amir Vera. "Hurricane Delta leaves at least four dead and knocks out power for hundreds of thousands". CNN. Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Peck, Lee. "TS Fred a minor inconvenience for Pensacola Beach". FOX10 News. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  10. ^ Miller, Kimberly. "Hurricane Sally's storm surge in Pensacola was historic, but we still don't know how bad it got". The Palm Beach Post (in American English). Archived from the original on February 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  11. ^ "Hit by COVID, Gulf tourism now gets slammed by Hurricane Sally". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  12. ^ "Photos: Hurricane Sally causes widespread flooding". CNN. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  13. ^ Harmeet Kaur and Tina Burnside. "A section of Pensacola's Three Mile Bridge is missing as Hurricane Sally lashes Gulf Coast". CNN. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  14. ^ CNN reporter struggles to brave Hurricane Sally winds - CNN Video, archived from the original on September 2, 2021, retrieved September 2, 2021
  15. ^ "Oil From Deepwater Horizon Spill Could Take At Least 30 Years to Decompose, Study Finds". Yale E360 (in American English). Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  16. ^ Gabriel, Melissa Nelson. "Tar balls on Pensacola Beach from 2010 BP oil spill could last at least 30 years, study says". Pensacola News Journal (in American English). Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  17. ^ "Oil outrage on Pensacola Beach - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  18. ^ "Oil soaks miles of Pensacola Beach - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  19. ^ "BBC News - Barack Obama cautious on new move to halt Gulf oil leak" (in British English). June 4, 2010. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 17, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Escambia Fire Stations Archived February 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine." Escambia County. Retrieved on January 31, 2017.
  22. ^ "Precincts Archived January 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine." Escambia County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved on January 31, 2017.
  23. ^ Cosson, Derek (February 22, 2016). "Remembering Pensacola Beach the Way it Was". Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  24. ^ "Pensacola Beach Casino - Pensapedia, the Pensacola encyclopedia". www.pensapedia.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  25. ^ Hu, Winnie (December 23, 2005). "36 Hours in Pensacola, Fla". The New York Times (in American English). ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  26. ^ "Santa Rosa Island Authority: Bands on the Beach". visitpensacolabeach.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  27. ^ "Santa Rosa Island Authority | What's Happening Blue Angels" (in American English). Archived from the original on July 19, 2021. Retrieved July 19, 2021.
  28. ^ "Pensacola Beach Boardwalk". Archived from the original on August 20, 2021. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  29. ^ "Buildings in Pensacola Beach (existing)". Emporis. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  30. ^ "Pensacola News Journal". www.pnj.com. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  31. ^ "Iconic Pensacola Beach welcome sign to be replaced with new model". Pensacola News Journal. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  32. ^ "Win The Chance To Be The First To Flip The Lights On The New Pensacola Beach Sign : NorthEscambia.com". Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  33. ^ "What's this landmark worth to you?" Pensacola News Journal, February 23, 2007.
  34. ^ "Beachball land mark saved from demolition." Pensacola News Journal, March 3, 2005.
  35. ^ monolithic.com - There’s a Dome of a Home Going Up On Pensacola Beach! Archived November 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, 2008-12-30
  36. ^ "The Futuro House - Pensacola Beach, Florida, USA - Information, Photographs, History, Maps". Archived from the original on November 30, 2018. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  37. ^ a b Home Archived March 28, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Pensacola Beach Elementary School. Retrieved on January 31, 2017. "After completing Fifth Grade at the Beach School, most children attend Middle and High School in nearby Gulf Breeze which is part of the Santa Rosa County School District."
  38. ^ St. Myer, Thomas (January 23, 2016). "Local charter schools worth taxpayer money?". Pensacola News Journal. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  39. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Zones Archived March 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine" (2011-2012). Escambia County School District. Retrieved on January 31, 2017.
  40. ^ "Middle School Attendance Zones Archived February 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine" (2016). Escambia County School District. Retrieved on January 31, 2017.
  41. ^ "High School Attendance Zones Archived February 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine" (2016). Escambia County School District. Retrieved on January 31, 2017.
  42. ^ "Pensacola Beach". Pensacola News Journal. November 19, 2015. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2017.

External links[edit]