Pentacarbon dioxide

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Pentacarbon dioxide
Full structural formula of pentacarbon dioxide
Space-filling model of the pentacarbon dioxide molecule
IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 92.05 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Pentacarbon dioxide, officially penta-1,2,3,4-tetraene-1,5-dione, is an oxide of carbon (an oxocarbon) with formula C5O2 or O=C=C=C=C=C=O.

The compound was described in 1988 by G. Maier and others, who obtained it by pyrolysis of 1,3,5-cyclohexanetrione (phloroglucin, the tautomeric form of phloroglucinol).[1] It has also been obtained by flash vapor pyrolysis of 2,4,6-tris(diazo)cyclohexane-1,3,5-trione (C6N6O3).[2]:p.97 It is stable at room temperature in solution.[1] The pure compound is stable up to −96 °C, at which point it polymerizes.[2]


  1. ^ a b Maier, G.; Reisenauer, H. P.; Schäfer, U.; Balli, H. (1988). "C5O2 (1,2,3,4-Pentatetraene-1,5-dione), a New Oxide of Carbon". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 27 (4): 566–568. doi:10.1002/anie.198805661. 
  2. ^ a b Eastwood, F. W. (1997). "Gas Phase Pyrolytic Methods for the Preparation of Carbon-Hydrogen and Carbon-Hydrogen-Oxygen Compounds". In Vallée, Y. Gas Phase Reactions in Organic Synthesis. CRC Press. ISBN 90-5699-081-0. 

See also[edit]