Pentaerythritol tetraacrylate

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Pentaerythritol tetraacrylate
Preferred IUPAC name
2,2-Bis{[(prop-2-enoyl)oxy]methyl}propane-1,3-diyl di(prop-2-enoate)
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.023.313 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 225-644-1
  • InChI=1S/C17H20O8/c1-5-13(18)22-9-17(10-23-14(19)6-2,11-24-15(20)7-3)12-25-16(21)8-4/h5-8H,1-4,9-12H2
Molar mass 352.339 g·mol−1
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
H315, H317, H319
P261, P264, P272, P280, P302+P352, P305+P351+P338, P321, P332+P313, P333+P313, P337+P313, P362, P363, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Pentaerythritol tetraacrylate (PETA or sometimes PETTA,PETRA) is an organic compound. It is a tetrafunctional acrylate ester used as a monomer in the manufacture of polymers.[1] As it is a polymerizable acrylate monomer it is nearly always supplied with a polymerisation inhibitor such as MEHQ (monomethyl ether hydroquinone) added.


PETA is part of a family of acrylates used in epoxy resin chemistry and ultraviolet cure of coatings. Similar monomers used are 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate and TMPTA trimethylol propane triacrylate. It is a derivative of pentaerythritol[2] One of the key uses of the material is in polymeric synthesis where it can form micelles and block copolymers.[3][4] The molecule's acrylate group functionality enables the molecule to do the Michael reaction with amines. It is therefore sometimes used in epoxy chemistry enabling a large reduction in cure time.[5] As the molecule has 4 functional acrylate groups it confers high cross-link density. Ethoxylation maybe used to produce ethoxylated versions which find use in electron beam curing.[6] The material also has pharmaceutical uses[7]

See also[edit]

External Websites[edit]


  1. ^ "Pentaerythritol tetraacrylate". Archived from the original on 2021-02-08. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  2. ^ Marrian, S. F. (1948-08-01). "The Chemical Reactions of Pentaerythritol and its Derivatives". Chemical Reviews. 43 (1): 149–202. doi:10.1021/cr60134a004. ISSN 0009-2665. PMID 18876970. Archived from the original on 2021-02-08. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  3. ^ petrov, P (2008). "Wormlike morphology formation and stabilization of Pluronic P123 micelles by solubilization of pentaerythritol tetraacrylate". The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 112(30) (30): 8879–8883. doi:10.1021/jp8008767. PMID 18598071.
  4. ^ Petrov, Petar; Bozukov, Metodi; Burkhardt, Markus; Muthukrishnan, Sharmila; Müller, Axel H. E.; Tsvetanov, Christo B. (2006-05-31). "Stabilization of polymeric micelles with a mixed poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) shell by formation of poly(pentaerythritol tetraacrylate) nanonetworks within the micelles". Journal of Materials Chemistry. 16 (22): 2192–2199. doi:10.1039/B517028A. ISSN 1364-5501. Archived from the original on 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  5. ^ "Epoxy Polyacrylate Resins". Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  6. ^ Chowdhury, Rajesh (2007). "Electron-beam-induced crosslinking of natural rubber/acrylonitrile–butadiene rubber latex blends in the presence of ethoxylated pentaerythritol tetraacrylate used as a crosslinking promoter". Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 103 (2): 1206–1214. doi:10.1002/app.25383. ISSN 1097-4628. Archived from the original on 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  7. ^ Wong, Rachel Shet Hui; Ashton, Mark; Dodou, Kalliopi (2016-10-01). "Analysis of residual crosslinking agent content in UV cross-linked poly(ethylene oxide) hydrogels for dermatological application by gas chromatography". Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis. 6 (5): 307–312. doi:10.1016/j.jpha.2016.04.004. ISSN 2095-1779. PMC 5762621. PMID 29403997.