|Faces||10 trapezoids, 2 pentagons|
|Dual polyhedron||elongated pentagonal dipyramid|
The pentagonal bifrustum is the dual polyhedron of a Johnson solid, the elongated pentagonal bipyramid. A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that have regular faces but are not uniform (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.
This polyhedron can be constructed by taking a pentagonal bipyramid and truncating the polar axis vertices. In Conway's notation for polyhedra, it can be represented as the polyhedron "t5dP5", meaning the truncation of the degree-five vertices of the dual of a pentagonal prism.
Alternatively, it can be constructed by gluing together two end-to-end pentagonal frustums, or (if coplanar faces are allowed) by gluing together two pentagonal prisms on their pentagonal faces.
- Johnson, Norman W. (1966), "Convex polyhedra with regular faces", Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 18: 169–200, doi:10.4153/cjm-1966-021-8, MR 0185507, Zbl 0132.14603.
- Conway Notation for Polyhedra, George W. Hart, accessed 2014-12-20.
- Hofmeister, Herbert, "Fivefold twinning in nanosized particles and nanocrystalline thin films – ubiquitous metastable structures" (PDF), Materials Science Forum, 312–314: 325–332, doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.312-314.325.