1-Pentanol

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1-Pentanol
Skeletal formula of 1-pentanol
Ball and stick model of 1-pentanol
Names
IUPAC name
Pentan-1-ol[1]
Identifiers
71-41-0 YesY
1730975
ChEBI CHEBI:44884 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL14568 YesY
ChemSpider 6040 YesY
EC Number 200-752-1
25922
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
KEGG C16834 N
MeSH n-Pentanol
PubChem 6276
RTECS number SB9800000
UNII M9L931X26Y YesY
UN number 1105
Properties
C5H12O
Molar mass 88.15 g·mol−1
Density .811 g cm−3
Melting point −78 °C; −109 °F; 195 K
Boiling point 137 to 139 °C; 278 to 282 °F; 410 to 412 K
22 g L−1
log P 1.348
Vapor pressure 200 Pa (at 20 °C)
1.409
Thermochemistry
207.45 J K−1 mol−1
258.9 J K−1 mol−1
−351.90–−351.34 kJ mol−1
−3331.19–−3330.63 kJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word WARNING
H226, H315, H332, H335
P261
Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R20, R37, R66
S-phrases (S1/2), S46
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 49 °C (120 °F; 322 K)
300 °C (572 °F; 573 K)
Related compounds
Related compounds
Hexane

Pentylamine

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

1-Pentanol, (or n-pentanol, pentan-1-ol), is an alcohol with five carbon atoms and the molecular formula C5H11OH.[2] 1-Pentanol is a colorless liquid with an unpleasant aroma. It is the straight-chain form of amyl alcohol, one of 8 isomers with that formula.

The hydroxyl group (OH) is the active site of many reactions. The ester formed from 1-pentanol and butyric acid is pentyl butyrate, which smells like apricot. The ester formed from 1-pentanol and acetic acid is amyl acetate (also called pentyl acetate), which smells like banana.

Pentanol can be used as a solvent for coating CDs and DVDs. Pentanol has all the properties necessary to replace gasoline as an internal combustion fuel.

Pentanol can be prepared by fractional distillation of fusel oil. To reduce the use of fossil fuels, research is underway to develop cost-effective methods of producing (chemically identical) bio-pentanol with fermentation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "n-pentanol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  2. ^ CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 65Th Ed.