Pentecostalism in Kerala

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Kerala Pentecostalism is one of the powerful spiritual Christian movement that originated, developed and spread in Kerala. Pentecostalism was established in Kerala at the start of the 20th century.


Indigenous Pentecostalism in India first emerged from the Syrian Christian community in the state of Kerala. Christianity in Kerala claims its origin in AD 52[citation needed] when the Apostle Thomas arrived and preached the gospel to Jews and the native high caste Brahmins.[citation needed] In addition, there were evidences of migrations of Christians from Syria in the fourth century and the eighth century to Kerala.

The Pentecostal message from the West arrived in Kerala in 1909 through the visit of George Berg. This American missionary of German descent arrived in Bangalore in 1909 and preached in a convention in Kerala. The first Pentecostal congregation was formed through the efforts of Berg in Kerala only in 1911; this was among first generation Christians. Berg was the first missionary to reach out to the natives who[clarification needed] did not speak English.[1]

In 1913 Pastor Robert F. Cook also came to India as a missionary. He came to Kerala and began his ministry there in 1914. By 1923, Cook had established 36 churches in Kerala, known collectively as the South India Church of God (Full Gospel) in India . Pastor K. E. Abraham, who was associated with Pastor Cook until 1930, was baptized in the Holy Spirit in 1923, an event considered as the foundation for the establishment of the India Pentecostal Church of God. In 1930, Pastor K.E Abraham who believed that local Keralite churches must be independent from foreign organizations for effective evangelization within India, split from Pastor Cook and formed the South India Pentecostal Church of God. He later changed the name of the church to India Pentecostal Church of God.

In addition to the work begun by Abraham, Pentecostalism grew rapidly in Kerala through the ministries of the Ceylon Pentecostal Mission (CPM), the Church of God (Cleveland), and the Assemblies of God.[2]


There are hundreds of other independent Non Denominational congregations throughout Kerala. Its strength varying from 20 to 50000 members. These independent groups are formed mainly due to personal missionary visions received by individuals for End time harvest.[3] Some of the biggest congregations are:[4]

Ministry Name Senior Pastor Location
Joshua Generation Ministries Pr. Rajesh Mathew Ernakulam
Heavenly Feast Pr. Mathew Kuruvilla & Pr.Thomas Abraham Kottayam
Torch of Truth Pr. Suresh Babu Thiruvananthapuram
Prarthanasangamam Pr. KP Jose Vengoor Dubai
Karisma Fire Ministries Pr. John Tensingh Thiruvananthapuram
Give Jesus to the World Pr. John Tharu Anchal
Jesus Voice Ministry Pr. Ani George Pathanamthitta
Grace Fellowship Pr. Tijo Thomas Adoor
The Master Ministries Trust Pr. Damien Antony Ernakulam
Divine Ministry of India Pr. Samachan Punalur
Glory Mission Pr. Finny Stephen Maramon
Faith City Church Pr. P R Baby Ernakulam
LoCo Ministries Pr. Anu Jacob Thiruvananthapuram
El-Shaddai Ministry Pr. Tinu George Kottarakara
Jesus Lives Church Pr. Benz P Mammen Mavelikkara
Grace Community Global Pr. Sajith Joseph Changanassery
Immanuel Pentecostal Assembly Pr. Daniel Libny Thiruvananthapuram
Praying Kerala - Kottayam
Immanuel Gospel Mission (Prayer Mount) Pr. V. Dixon Thiruvananthapuram
Freedom Media Ministires Pr. Biju Philip Thiruvananthapuram
The Covenant People Pr. Jose Anathanam Kanjirapally
Lovefeast Church Pr.Jefferrey Abraham Ernakulam
Christian Fellowship Church Pr. Raju Ebenezer Kottayam
Petra Fellowship Pr. Robert Noronha Ernakulam

Not Wearing Ornaments[edit]

In Kerala many Traditional Pentecostal denominations do not wear ornaments depending upon the denomination they are part of. Many traditional Mainstream churches even to this day do not allow ornament wearing believers to partake in holy communion as well as water baptism. When the Pentecostal fathers came to the Christian faith, many of them came from influential and high caste families who threatened to strip them of their inheritance and wealth for stepping out of their religious systems to embrace a new faith. The cultural situation of the time when the early church came to faith and received the gift of Holy Spirit could have influenced a lot of practices around renouncing ornaments even though many forefathers were inspired to give up ornaments and lead a simple life. Social status at that time was determined by the amount of Gold and Silver ornaments one wore. In marriages, a part of dowry was given as gold ornaments. The weight of gold ornaments would determine the status of the family in the society at that time. Those who were rich used to wear a lot of gold ornaments. Those who were poor, used to wear ornaments made of glass, plastic or stone beads. In marriage and other occasions gold and silver ornaments were given as gifts. The church fathers also noticed that the income background distinction inside the church was hindering fellowship between the non-ornament wearing lower income believers and the ornament wearing higher income believers. Hence, in an effort to remove the barrier within the church and also to make it easy for new believers from both high and low income backgrounds, the church fathers came up with the system of giving up their ornaments/ jewelry when a person got saved and baptized. The intention was to unite the body of Christ, remove discrimination and act as a sign for outsiders of their consecration.[5] Most of the Independent churches in Kerala do not have a practice of removing ornaments. At the turn of the century, more and more traditional churches are moving away from the practice of mandating compulsory removal of ornaments and classifying it as a personal choice of believers. And some people also don't grow mustache and beard.

Pentecostal Institutions in Kerala[edit]

List of some main institutions are :-

  • MT Zion Bible Seminary,Mulakuzha
  • Faith Theological Seminary
  • Bethel Bible College
  • Sharon Bible College
  • India Bible College & Seminary
  • Doulos Theological College
  • Calicut Theological College
  • Light for India Bible College
  • Bethesda Bible College
  • Harvest Theological College
  • Mahaniyam Bible College
  • Berachah Bible College
  • Mizpah Bible College


Media plays a leading role to spread Pentecostalism in Kerala through Television Channels, Radio Channels and Newspapers.

Pentecost TV Channels in Kerala[edit]

mpet TV

Radio/FM channels[edit]

There are large number of FM radio channels available in internet. And some FM channels also available through mobile applications.

  • Bafa Radio
  • My Worship Radio
  • Jesus Coming FM
  • Psalms Radio
  • Manna Live Bible
  • Heavenly Radio
  • Radio Holy Family
  • Swargasudha FM
  • Living Voice Online
  • Heavenly Beats Radio
  • Radio Manna
  • Malayalam Worship Radio
  • Sehion Radio
  • MGM Radio
  • Gloria Radio
  • Worldtoworld Radio
  • Bethel Rhema Radio


  • Hallelujah
  • Believers Journal
  • Sworgeeya Dwoni
  • Good News
  • Maranatha voice
  • Suvartha
  • Zion Kahalam
  • Marupacha
  • Jeeva mozhi
  • Revive

Resistance of Pentecost in Kerala[edit]

The US-based persecution watchdog International Christian Concern (ICC) has learned some attacks on Christians in Kerala, generally considered a safe-haven for Christians because of the large Christian minority there. The ICC warned that the Kerala attacks would only embolden anti-Christian extremists elsewhere to attack the even more vulnerable Christians in their states.[6]

The Vishwa Hindu Parishad along with the Arya Samaj arranged the Ghar Wapsi Program and converted a few number of Christians to Hinduism in Kerala. Because Dalit Christians had belonged to SC/ST communities before conversion to Christianity, but they are denied the government's SC/ST benefits in education and job reservation.[7] The Supreme Court ruled that a person who reconverts from Christianity to Hinduism shall be entitled to reservation benefits if his forefathers belonged to a Scheduled Caste and the community accepts him after reconversion.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "As East and West Met in God's Own Country: Encounter of Western Pentecostalism with Native Pentecostalism in Kerala". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "The Keralite Pentecostal Community: The Past and the Present". Retrieved 18 June 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ "geocities". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "ministries". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "revivenations". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "christiantoday". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "conversion". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "reconvert". Retrieved 18 June 2015.