Penthu

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Penthu
Chief of Physicians
Dynasty18th Dynasty
PharaohAkhenaten
BurialAmarna Tomb 5
p
n
TwA51
Penthu
in hieroglyphs

The Egyptian noble Penthu was the sealbearer of the King of Lower Egypt, the sole companion, the attendant of the Lord of the Two Lands, the favorite of the good god, king's scribe, the king's subordinate, First servant of the Aten in the mansion of the Aten in Akhetaten, Chief of physicians, and chamberlain.[1] These titles alone show how powerful he would have been in Eighteenth Dynasty Egypt.

He was originally Chief Physician to Akhenaten, but may have survived the upheavals of the end of the Amarna period, and served under Ay, after being Vizier under Tutankhamun.[2] The identification of Penthu the Physician with Pentu the Vizier is not certain however.[3] He had a tomb constructed at Amarna, Amarna Tomb 5,[1] although his remains have never been identified, and he was probably never buried there.

An inscription discovered in 2012 in the Dayr Abū Ḥinnis limestone quarry dated to Year 16, 3rd month of Akhet, day 15 of the reign of Akhenaten[4] records that quarrying was being undertaken for building work on the Small Aten Temple under the authority of the king's scribe Penthu.[5] The Penthu mentioned in the inscription is presumably the same Penthu who was the owner of Amarna Tomb 5. Due his position as a chief priest within the Aten priesthood, it is unlikely to be a coincidence that he would have been placed in charge of quarrying stone for this temple.[6]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b N. de G. Davies, The rock tombs of El-Amarna, Parts III and IV, 1905 (Reprinted 2004), The Egypt Exploration Society, ISBN 0-85698-160-5
  2. ^ J. Cerny: Hieratic Inscriptions from the Tomb of Tut'ankhamun, Oxford 1965, S. 4 no. 26
  3. ^ Aiden Dodson, Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation, American University in Cairo Press (2009), page 79
  4. ^ Van der Perre, Athena (2012). Seyfried, Friederike (ed.). In the Light of Amarna : 100 Years of the Nefertiti discovery. Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. p. 197. ISBN 978-3-86568-848-4.
  5. ^ Van der Perre, Athena (18 August 2014). "The Year 16 graffito of Akhenaten in Dayr Abū Ḥinnis. A Contribution to the Study of the Later Years of Nefertiti". Journal of Egyptian History. 7 (1): 73. doi:10.1163/18741665-12340014.
  6. ^ Van der Perre, Athena (18 August 2014). "The Year 16 graffito of Akhenaten in Dayr Abū Ḥinnis. A Contribution to the Study of the Later Years of Nefertiti". Journal of Egyptian History. 7 (1): 76-77. doi:10.1163/18741665-12340014.

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