Pentlow

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Pentlow
St. Georges Pentlow, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 1120054.jpg
St Gregory and St George's church
Pentlow is located in Essex
Pentlow
Pentlow
Location within Essex
Population227 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceTL813454
Civil parish
  • Pentlow
District
Shire county
  • Essex
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSudbury
Postcode districtCO10
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Essex
52°04′23″N 0°38′53″E / 52.073°N 0.648°E / 52.073; 0.648Coordinates: 52°04′23″N 0°38′53″E / 52.073°N 0.648°E / 52.073; 0.648

Pentlow is a village and civil parish in the Braintree district, in the county of Essex, England. The population of the civil parish in the 2011 Census was recorded at 227.[1] It is just south of the river River Stour, and nearby settlements include the villages of Foxearth and Cavendish and the hamlet of Pentlow Street.

History[edit]

Pentlow was recorded in the Domesday Book as Pentelawa,[2] the name has a Norman origin. The most notable landmark in the area, St Gregory and St George's church, was built by Norman settlers and dates back as early as the 12th century.[3] Considering the age of the Church, the condition of the Norman carvings are magnificent. Pentlow's inhabitants throughout history have mainly been agriculturally employed.

The Village[edit]

Buildings and architecture[edit]

Pentlow houses one of six round-towered churches in Essex. Located near the border to Cavendish, the parish church is dedicated to St Gregory and St George and is a Grade I listed building.[4] Materials used for the church are mostly flint and pebble with a limestone and clutch cover. With various building work occurring in the past, the building dates back to as early as the 12th century.[5] The parish church In 1870–72 the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Pentlow thus:

19th Century Map of Pentlow, Essex

The property is divided among a few. An octagonal tower was erected, in 1859, by the Rev. E. Bull, to the memory of his father; is a finestructure, in the Tudor style; and commands an extensive panoramic view. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £550.[6]

Including St Gregory and St George's church, Pentlow has 36 officially designated building of historical or architectural importance, protecting them from demolition or major alteration.[7]

Services[edit]

Due to its rural location, Pentlow's range of services are narrow. Within a 4 mile radius there are more than 15 Pubs\Hotels to stay in or visit. Transport links to Pentlow are infrequent as would be expected, however it is not so isolated. Sudbury railway station is only 4 miles from Pentlow, making a commute to London an easy option for residents. Wattisham Airfield is the closest airport, which is only 14 miles from Pentlow. Health and care services can be found only 4 miles from Pentlow.[8]

Health and Care[edit]

Data from the Neighbourhood Statistics Geography of Pentlow suggest that 86% of the residents are in very good - good health. This is above the average score in both categories for England.[9]

Occupational structure[edit]

The occupational structure of Pentlow in 1881 shows distinct patterns in employment. A large section of Pentlow's inhabitants worked within the agricultural industry making up 36% of the population. Within this segment, it is also the second largest profession of Pentlow was the clothing industry, especially the manufacturing of straw hats.

Occupational structure Pentlow 1881

There is also a correlation between gender and occupation. 1881 Pentlow fits the traditional model of a 19th century family. The majority of labour jobs were occupied by males, for example 98% of jobs in agriculture were held by males.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 20112". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  2. ^ http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?Edoc_Id=7568390&queryType=1&resultcount=1
  3. ^ Watson, Rachel. "Pentlow, Church of St Gregory and St George | Open Doors, Sacred Doorways". www.explorestourvalley.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  4. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-408058-church-of-st-gregory-and-st-george-pentl
  5. ^ Watson, Rachel. "Pentlow, Church of St Gregory and St George | Open Doors, Sacred Doorways". www.explorestourvalley.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
  6. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co.
  7. ^ Stuff, Good. "Listed Buildings in Pentlow, Braintree, Essex". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
  8. ^ "Pentlow, Essex - Hotels, Transport and Local Information". www.scoutlocal.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  9. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
The Pinkuah Arms, Pentlow
Total Population of Pentlow 1811–2011

External links[edit]

Media related to Pentlow at Wikimedia Commons