Pentre Berw

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pentre-Berw
Pentre-Berw is located in Anglesey
Pentre-Berw
Pentre-Berw
Location within Anglesey
OS grid referenceSH47SE44
• Cardiff129 mi (208 km)
• London211 mi (340 km)
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGaerwen
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Anglesey
53°13′31″N 4°17′17″W / 53.2252°N 4.2881°W / 53.2252; -4.2881Coordinates: 53°13′31″N 4°17′17″W / 53.2252°N 4.2881°W / 53.2252; -4.2881

Pentre Berw (About this soundWelsh pronunciation) is a small village located on the island of Anglesey in north Wales. It lies about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the county town of Llangefni.

Description[edit]

The A5 and the A55 runs through the village as does the disused Anglesey Central Railway. Indeed, the village's most famous hotel The Holland Arms even had a station named after it. The village is located at the top of a gentle slope on the eastern edge of the Cors Ddyga - named after the 6th century Saint Tegai. A panoramic view of both the marshes Cors Ddyga on the Eastern side and Cors Malltraeth on the Western side of the Afon Cefni or Afon Fawr can be seen from the high ridge called Poncia Berw and Creigiau Coed on either side of the A55 and A5. This ridge running from Cardigan Bay across Anglesey to the North Sea is called the Berw Fault. [1]

Plas Berw, Anglesey. Engraving from Archaelogia Cambrensis, 1868, p96

Berw and Esceifiog were termed as medieval townships.[2] Coal was mined at Cors Ddyga. Bell pits were sunk during the Tudor dynasty. From 1700 onwards to 1803 the mining process evolved to deep pits 109 yards deep using large horse winding machines to raise the coal. In 1815 the first steam engine was used to draw the basket and pump out the water by the 'The Anglesey Coal Company Ltd.' working the Berw coal. By 1840 the pits were 200 yards deep. Water was extracted by large powerful engines. The Berw stack and colliery buildings are the sole remains of the industrious Coal mines of Anglesey. By 1997 the stack, smithy, store-house, office and cottage of the Berw Colliery was in a ruinous state facing demolition on health and safety reasons. On the eleventh hour Donald Glyn Pritchard secretary of the Pentre Berw Conservation Society sent an SOS- 'Save Our Stack'   plea to the Anglesey Antiquarian Society which resulted in CADW within a fortnight sending two inspectors to Pentre Berw to inspect the site. D.G.Pritchard local representative of the AAS testified to the importance of listing the colliery. The site was listed by CADW and the buildings were reinforced and anchored by, RSPB(Cymru), Cadw and Rural Wales Council. The remains of the old Plas Berw was reinforced by the owners and CADW and the old church - Llanfihangel Pentre Berw was also restored and anchored by a grant from CADW.(Cadw report 2012) The colliery lies in RSPB Cors Ddyga which was opened to the public on 18 July 2017.

Plas Berw, a country house which dates back from the early 17th century, is near the village.[3] It also has formal gardens and a deer park. The grounds cover some 8.5 acres (34,000 m2) and it is a Grade II listed building.[4][5] Llanfihangel Ysceifiog (St Michael's church), although ruined, is a good example of a traditional Welsh church. It is situated just north of the village.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greenly 'Geology of Anglesey'
  2. ^ 'Medieval Anglesey' Prof. Anthony Carr
  3. ^ J W...., “Berw and the Hollands”, Archaelogia Cambrensis, 1868, pp97-130
  4. ^ A short description of the house from The Independent, February 15th 2003[dead link]
  5. ^ Cadw. "Plas Berw with courtyard and walls". Historic Wales. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  6. ^ A short essay with pictures about the church at anglesey.info

External links[edit]