Pentrefoelas

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Pentrefoelas
Pentrefoelas, The Foelas Arms - geograph.org.uk - 55301.jpg
The Foelas Arms
Pentrefoelas is located in Conwy
Pentrefoelas
Pentrefoelas
 Pentrefoelas shown within Conwy
Population 356 (2011)
OS grid reference SH8751
Community Pentrefoelas
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BETWS-Y-COED
Postcode district LL24
Dialling code 01690
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Clwyd West
Welsh Assembly Clwyd West
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy

Coordinates: 53°02′56″N 3°40′48″W / 53.049°N 3.680°W / 53.049; -3.680

Pentrefoelas is a village and community in Conwy County Borough, Wales. The village lies on the A5 road between Betws-y-coed to the west and Cerrigydrudion to the east. The Afon Merddwr river, a tributary of the River Conwy, flows through it. The community had a population of 356 at the time of the 2011 census,[1] 70% were able to speak Welsh.[2] It has an area of 53.86 km2 and covers a large region around the village including part of Mynydd Hiraethog, Llyn Alwen and part of Alwen Reservoir.[3]

The name of the village comes from pentre (Welsh for "village") and a nearby hill, Foel Las ("green bare-topped hill").[4] The hill is the site of a motte built around 1164 in the time of Owain Gwynedd. Old Voelas House (or Plas Foel Las), mansion of the Wynne family, was built at the foot of the hill in 1545. It was demolished in 1819 and a new site was established two kilometres to the west. The current Voelas Hall was built in 1961 and was designed by the architect Clough Williams-Ellis.[3][5]

Other buildings around the village include:

  • Plas Iolyn, home to Rhys Fawr ap Maredudd, his son Robert ap Rhys (the chaplain to Cardinal Wolsey), his grandson the 16th-century MP Elis Prys (known as Dr Coch and notorious for his oppression of the district) and his great-grandson, the poet Tomos Prys. It is now a farmhouse.[6][7]
  • Gilar, built in the 16th century for the poet Rhys Wyn ap Cadwaladr (fl. c. 1600), perhaps by his father Cadwaladr ap Maurice after receiving a substantial grant of land from Henry VIII in 1545-6, which included the land later occupied by Plas Iolyn and Old Voelas House.[8][9][3][10]
  • The village had a chapelry of Ysbyty Ifan built in 1766 and known as Voelas Chapel. The Parish Church was built on the same site in 1857-9.[11][12]
  • The Pentrefoelas watermill (Melin Voelas) for grinding flour dates from 1815 and was restored by Clwyd County Council as part of a heritage scheme. The ironwork for the external overshot waterwheel was originally cast by the Llanrwst Foundry probably sometime in the 19th century[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Pentrefoelas (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Area: Pentrefoelas (Parish): Welsh Language Skills, 2011 (KS207WA)". Office for National Statistics. 
  3. ^ a b c Davies, John; Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines & Peredur I. Lynch (2008) The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff.
  4. ^ Owen, Hywel Wyn & Richard Morgan (2007) Dictionary of the Place-names of Wales, Gomer Press, Llandysul, Ceredigion.
  5. ^ "Voelas, Pentrefoelas". British Listed Buildings. 
  6. ^ "Plas Iolyn, Pentrefoelas". British Listed Buildings. 
  7. ^ Yorke, Philip (1887). The Royal Tribes of Wales. London: Isaac Foulkes. p. 200. 
  8. ^ "RHYS WYN ap CADWALADR". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. The National Library of Wales. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  9. ^ "Gilar, Pentrefoelas". British Listed Buildings. 
  10. ^ Yorke, Philip; Fiske, Willard. The Royal Tribes of Wales. p. 200. 
  11. ^ Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust. Pentrefoelas Church. Accessed 13 March 2012.
  12. ^ "Parish Church, Pentrefoelas". British Listed Buildings. 
  13. ^ "Melin Voelas, Pentrefoelas". British Listed Buildings. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pentrefoelas at Wikimedia Commons