In Vietnam the abbreviation NSND (Nghệ sĩ Nhân dân) is used. This is Vietnam's top artistic award for a living artist - second only to the often posthumous Ho Chi Minh Prize. The youngest ever recipient was the Russian trained opera soprano Le Dung in 1993. The lesser award of Meritorious Artist is abbreviated NSƯT.
^Famous Vietnamese opera singer dies 30 January, 2001 "Vietnam's best known opera singer, Le Dung, has died of a stroke at the age of forty-five. She had just returned from a three-week-long European tour when she was taken ill on Friday. Le Dung had won prizes for her work in France, Hungary and North Korea. In 1993, she became the youngest person ever to be awarded Vietnam's top artistic accolade."