People's Assembly of Syria
People’s Assembly of the Syrian Arab Republic
مجلس الشعب الجمهورية العربية السورية
since 28 September 2017
Length of term
|19 July 2020|
|Parliament Building, Damascus, Syria|
The People's Assembly (Arabic: مَجْلِسُ الشَّعْبِ, Majlis al-Sha'ab) is Syria's legislative authority. It has 250 members elected for a four-year term in 15 multi-seat constituencies. There are two main political fronts; the National Progressive Front and Popular Front for Change and Liberation. The 2012 elections, held on 7 May, resulted in a new parliament that, for the first time in four decades, is based on a multi-party system. In 1938, Fares Al-Khoury became the first Christian to be elected Speaker. In 2016 Hadiya Khalaf Abbas, Ph.D., representing Deir Ezzor since 2003, became the first woman elected to be the Speaker. In 2017, Hammouda Sabbagh became the first Orthodox Christian to have held the post.
The assembly meets at least three times a year and in special occasions called by the council's president or the president of the country.
The last elections were held on the 19 July 2020. Several lists were allowed to run across the country but any real opposition is absent. Millions of Syrians living abroad, after fleeing a war that has killed more than 380,000 people, are not eligible to vote.
|National Progressive Front (al-jabha al-waTaniyyah at-taqaddumiyyah)||183||183|
|Popular Front for Change and Liberation||0||0|
|Source: Election results|
Names of legislature
The name of the legislature in Syria has changed, as follows, as has the composition and functions:
- Under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (1917–1920)
- Syrian National Congress (1919–1920)
- Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920)
- Syrian National Congress (1920)
- State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1922–1930)
- Constituent Council (1923–1925)
- Constituent Assembly (1924–1930)
- Syrian Republic (1930–58)
- Council of Representatives (1932–1933)
- Chamber of Deputies (1932–1946)
- House of Representatives (1947–1949)
- Constituent Assembly (1949–1951)
- Chamber of Deputies (1953–1958)
- United Arab Republic (1958–1961)
- Chamber of Deputies (1958–1960)
- Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)
- Chamber of Deputies (1961–1963)
- National Revolutionary Council (1965–1966)
- People's Assembly (1971–present)
- "Assad says Syria 'able' to get out of crisis". Al Jazeera. 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas Elected as First Woman Speaker of Syrian People’s Assembly
- Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas elected as first woman speaker of People’s Assembly
- [sana.sy/en/?p=79434 Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas elected as the first woman Speaker of the People’s Assembly]
- Syrian Parliament Elects First Woman Speaker Since 1919
- انتخاب مسيحي أرثوذكسي رئيسًا لمجلس الشعب السوري (in Arabic)
- Phillips, Douglas A.; Gritzner, Charles F. (2010). Syria. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438132389.
- "Syrians vote in parliamentary election as inflation hits war-damaged economy". France 24. 19 July 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
- People's Assembly of Syria official government website
- Syria's Legislative System profiles of people and institutions provided by the Arab Decision project
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to People's Council of Syria.|