People's Democracy Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
People’s Democracy Party
Turkish: Halkın Demokrasi Partisi, HADEP
LeaderMurat Bozlak
FoundedMay 1994 (1994-05)
BannedMarch 13, 2003 (2003-03-13)
Preceded byDemocracy Party
Succeeded byDemocratic People's Party
IdeologySocial democracy
Green politics
Kurdish nationalism
Political positionCentre-left

People’s Democracy Party (Turkish: Halkın Demokrasi Partisi, HADEP) was a Kurdish nationalist[1][2] political party in Turkey. It was founded in May 1994 by lawyer Murat Bozlak. The party distinguished itself from the PKK.

At the party congress in June 1996 masked men dropped the Turkish flag and raised the PKK flag. As a result of this, all HADEP members were arrested.[3] The party survived the 1999 closure case but was banned by the Constitutional Court on 13 March 2003 on the grounds that it allegedly supported the PKK.[4]

It was succeeded by the Democratic People's Party (DEHAP).[5]

In 2010, the party's dissolution was unanimously found by European Court of Human Rights to be contrary to Article 11 (freedom of association) of the European Convention on Human Rights.[6]


  1. ^ Christoph Marcinkowski, The Islamic World and the West: Managing Religious and Cultural Identities in the Age of Globalisation, LIT Verlag Münster, 2009, ISBN 978-3-643-80001-5, p. 168.
  2. ^ Lenore G. Martin, New Frontiers in Middle East Security, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, ISBN 978-0-312-23992-3, p. 140.
  3. ^ Güney 2002, p. 125.
  4. ^ Moghadam 2007, p. 86.
  5. ^ McDowall 2003, p. 463.
  6. ^ Judgment in case 28003/03


  • Güney, Aylin (2002). "The People's Democracy Party". Turkish Studies. 3 (1): 122–137.
  • Moghadam, Valentine M. (2007). From Patriarchy to Empowerment: Women's Participation, Movements, and Rights in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-8156-3111-1.
  • McDowall, David. (2003) A Modern History of the Kurds (London: I.B. Tauris, 2003), p. 463. ISBN 978-1850434160