People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force

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People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force
People's Liberation Army Navy Jack and Ensign
Flag of the People's Liberation Army Navy
Country People's Republic of China
Allegiance Communist Party of China[1]
BranchPeople's Liberation Army Navy
TypeNaval aviation
Size26,000 personnel
710+ aircraft
Aircraft flown
BomberXian H-6, Xian JH-7
FighterChengdu J-7, Shenyang J-11, Shenyang J-15, Sukhoi Su-30MKK, Xian JH-7
Attack helicopterKamov Ka-27
Cargo helicopterMil Mi-8, Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon
Utility helicopterChanghe Z-18, Harbin Z-9
InterceptorShenyang J-8
PatrolHarbin SH-5, Shaanxi Y-8, Ilyushin Il-28
TrainerGuizhou JL-9, Hongdu JL-8, Nanchang CJ-6, Shenyang J-5, Shenyang J-6
TransportShijiazhuang Y-5, Xian Y-7, Yakovlev Yak-42

The People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF; Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军航空兵) is the naval aviation branch of the People's Liberation Army Navy.


Historically, the PLANAF's main role has been to provide the navy's warships with air defense coverage. Part of the coastal defense doctrine was to have naval aircraft protecting the ships, hence the reason why many PLA ships of the 1960s–70s lacked long range anti-aircraft missiles or artillery. During the Sino-Vietnamese War, the PLANAF carried out many successful bombing and airstrike missions against Vietnamese territories, such as in the Spratly Islands. The 1960s saw a series of air combat sorties flown against Taiwanese intruders. PLANAF pilots have been credited with many major victories over the Taiwanese in these small incidents[citation needed]. Historical aircraft operated by the PLANAF include the J-5, the J-6, and H-5. These aircraft have been retired by the late 1990s.

Today, the PLANAF has a strength of around 26,000 personnel and 690+ aircraft. It operates similar aircraft to the People's Liberation Army Air Force, including fighters, bombers, strike aircraft, tankers, reconnaissance, electronic warfare, maritime patrol, seaplane, transport, training and helicopter types. The PLANAF has traditionally received older aircraft than the PLAAF and has taken less ambitious steps towards mass modernization. Advancements in new technologies, weaponry and aircraft acquisition were made after 2000. The modern day PLANAF is capable of performing a number of roles, and is quite numerically and technologically adept in anti-ship and air defense operations.[citation needed]


Primary Mission

Secondary Mission


Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon France Rotorcraft Transport 15 [2]
Changhe Z-8 China Rotorcraft Transport/attack 27+ 27+ [3]
Changhe Z-18 China Rotorcraft Attack 5 [3]
Chengdu J-7 China Jet Fighter 30 [3]
Chengdu J-10 China Jet Multi-role 24 24 [2]
Eurocopter AS565 Panther France Rotorcraft Patrol 6 [3]
Guizhou JL-9 China Jet Trainer 12+ 12+ [2]
Harbin SH-5 China Propeller Patrol 3 [2]
Harbin Z-9 China Rotorcraft Utility 25 [2]
Hongdu JL-8 China Jet Trainer 12 [2]
Ilyushin Il-28 USSR Jet Patrol 7 [2]
Kamov Ka-28 Russia Rotorcraft Attack 19 [2]
Kamov Ka-31 Russia Rotorcraft Patrol 9 [2]
KJ-200 China Propeller Patrol 3 [3]
Mil Mi-8 USSR Rotorcraft Transport 8 [2]
Nanchang CJ-6 China Propeller Trainer 38 [2]
Nanchang Q-5 China Jet Attack 30 [3]
Shaanxi Y-8 China Propeller Transport/patrol 30 [3]
Shenyang J-5 China Jet Trainer 5 [2]
Shenyang J-6 China Jet Trainer 14 [2]
Shenyang J-8 China Jet Fighter 47 [3]
Shenyang J-11 China Jet Multi-role 72 72 [4]
Shenyang J-15 China Jet Multi-role 2013 50+ 50+ [5]
Shijiazhuang Y-5 China Propeller Transport/utility 50 [2]
Sukhoi Su-30MKK Russia Jet Multi-role/trainer 24 24 [2]
Xian H-6 China Jet Bomber/transport 33 [2]
Xian JH-7 China Jet Multi-role 124 [2]
Xian Y-7 China Propeller Transport/trainer 39 [3][2]
Yakovlev Yak-42 Russia Jet Transport 2 2 [2]


Its future is unclear. However, it is certain that as the navy receives more attention, the PLANAF will receive newer aircraft and much more funding, as its significant role in projecting power over the sea is becoming evermore realized. A new transport helicopter, the Z-15, may enter naval service by 2015 as a dedicated medium-sized multi-role shipborne helicopter.[citation needed] This would replace the Z-9C and complement the Ka-28 Helix. In early 2006, an article reported a deal between China and Russia, which sees the PLANAF's acquisition of 40 Ka-29 assault transports, 20+ Ka-31 airborne early warning (AEW) helicopters (mounted with search radar) and up to 20 Be-200 jet amphibians.[citation needed] If the purchase goes ahead, that would represent a major step forward for the PLANAF in terms of capabilities. The Ka-29 may form the first dedicated transport for the marine corps, the Ka-31's powerful radar can serve in over-the-horizon target acquisitions and early warning for Chinese surface ships, and the Be-200 jet amphibian would replace the SH-5 in maritime patrol duties and ASW.[citation needed]

In addition, the PLANAF would undergo significant change once China's first aircraft carrier is fully operational. Near the end of October 2006, Russia’s Kommersant newspaper revealed that Russian state-run weapon exporter Rosoboronexport was completing negotiations with China to deliver up to 48 Sukhoi Su-33 (NATO codename: Flanker-D) carrier-capable fighter aircraft in a purchase deal reportedly worth $2.5 billion.[citation needed] The Su-33 is a variant of Sukhoi’s Su-27 Flanker with canards, foldings wings, an arrester hook, a reinforced structure, and other modifications that help it deal with carrier operations and landings.[citation needed]

As of 2011, SAC is developing its own naval jet, called Shenyang J-15, which first flew in 2009. The Shenyang J-31 may be a future carrier based stealth fighter in the same role as the F-35C.[citation needed]

On June 4, 2009, UPI reported that Eastern European sources had reported that preparations had been completed to construct an aircraft carrier at Changxing Island Shipyard.[6] China has also started constructing its own Naval Aviation Testing and Training Complex (NITKA) near Xingcheng.

The 67,500 ton ex-Soviet aircraft carrier Varyag (Admiral Kuznetsov class), which was only 70% completed and floating in Ukraine, was purchased and underwent a long refit. Varyag was stripped of any military equipment as well as her propulsion before she was put up for sale. News reports stated that she was being refitted to be returned to operational status.[7] Sea trials of the carrier started in late 2011, and it was commissioned on September 25, 2012, as the Liaoning.

In 2013, PLAN Air Force officer Hue Xsai announced that a second larger and more capable Type 001A aircraft carrier would be domestically produced.[8]

In July 2018, Lieutenant General Zhang Honghe of the PLAAF stated that China is developing a new carrier-based aircraft that will replace the J-15 due to four crashes and numerous technical problems. One problem with the aircraft is that it is the heaviest carrier-borne fighter in current operation with an empty weight of 17,500 kg compared to the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet's 14,600 kg (though it is less than the F-14 Tomcat's weight of 19,800 kg). Weight problems are compounded when operating off Liaoning, as its STOBAR launch and recovery method further limits payload capacity.[9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The PLA Oath" (PDF). February 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2015. I am a member of the People's Liberation Army. I promise that I will follow the leadership of the Communist Party of China...
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s International Institute for Strategic Studies: The Military Balance 2014, p.235
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Flightglobal - World Air Forces 2015 (PDF),
  4. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies: The Military Balance 2016, p.244
  5. ^ Chinese companies are racing to build the best stealth fighters for China's next-generation aircraft carriers Retrieved Date: 09/05/2020
  6. ^ "China ready to build its first aircraft carrier". 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
  7. ^ Jon Rosamond, 'China completes joint exercise with UK aircraft carrier,' Jane's Navy International, November 2007, p.6
  8. ^ Gayathri, Amrutha (24 April 2013). "China To Build Second, Larger Aircraft Carrier To Bolster Military Hardware, Says State Media". IB Times. IBT Media Inc. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  9. ^ Chan, Minnie (July 5, 2018). "China is working on a new fighter jet for aircraft carriers to replace its J-15s". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on July 6, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  10. ^ Beijing keen to develop J-15 successor - report Archived 2019-01-22 at the Wayback Machine. Flight International. 5 July 2018.

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