People's National Assembly

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People's National Assembly
لمجلس الشعبي الوطني
Assemblée populaire nationale
Assemblée populaire nationale (Algérie) Logo.svg
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker of the Assembly
Abdelmajid Boudebouz
Structure
Seats 462 members
APN-DZ-2017 Nombre.svg
Political groups

Government (264)

  •      FLN (164)
  •      RND (100)

Opposition (114)

  •      MPS (33)
  •      TAJ (19)
  •      Ehnnada - FJD (15)
  •      FF (14)
  •      FFS (14)
  •      MPA (13)
  •      PT (11)
  •      RCD (9)

Crossbench (88)

Elections
Direct election
Last election
4 May 2017
Last election
2022
Meeting place
Assemblée populaire nationale (Algérie).jpg
Algiers
Website
www.apn.dz
Seal of Algeria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria

The People's National Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani), abbreviated APN, is the lower house of the Algerian Parliament. It is composed of 462 members directly elected by the population. Of the 462 seats, 8 are reserved for Algerians living abroad.[1] Members of the People's National Assembly are directly elected through proportional representation in multiple-member districts and serve terms lasting five years at a time. The last election for this body was held on 17 May 2017.[1] This body and of the Algerian Parliament is seen as nonrepresentative of the Algerian people's interest because of the presidency, which controls the majority of governmental power.[2] The minimum age required for election into the APN is 28.[3]

There are 48 districts, called wilayat, in Algeria and 4 overseas constituencies which send representatives to this body.[2] There is one seat for every 80,000 inhabitants and an additional seat for additional citizens in a wilaya numbering above 40,000.[3] The current speaker of the APN is Mohamed Al-Arabi Ould Khalifa, a member of the plurality party National Liberation Front.[4] Women compose 3.4% of APN members.[3] The minimum age to vote in Algeria is 18. Voting is not compulsory.[5]

History[edit]

The first election for the People's National Assembly was held on 20 September 1962. In 1963, the President of the Republic of Algeria, Ahmed Ben Bella, halted the activities of the APN and set up a Revolution Council lasting from 1965 to 1976.[5] The APN was reestablished in 1976 with the passage of Algeria's new constitution, at the time only a unicameral legislature.[6] Up until 1991, the ruling party was the National Liberation Front (FLN), and in fact, the 1976 Algerian constitution considered the FLN as the preferred Algerian political party.[6] The first APN election with multiple parties was held in December 1991. After a predicted Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) victory, a fundamentalist opposition party, the Algerian People's National Armed Forces canceled the elections.[3][7] A substitute legislative body, the National Consultative Council, was established in April 1992 and lasted until May 1994, when the National Transitional Council ruled for until the next elections, held on 5 June 1997.[3] In 1996, the legislature split into two chambers forming the Algerian Parliament with the ratification of a new constitution.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Algeria". cia.gov. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "People's National Assembly Elections in Algeria" (PDF). cartercenter.org. May 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Algeria, Elections and Parliament". Medea Institute. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Kedadra, Atef (3 June 2012). "Controversial Candidate Elected To Head Algerian Parliament". Al-Monitor. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Algeria, State Institutions". Medea Institute. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Algeria - Government". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Algeria". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 21 January 2016. Archived from the original on 24 January 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]