People's Republic

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For the Marxist–Leninist form of government / ideological concept, see People's democracy (Marxism–Leninism).
People's Republics:

"People's Republic" is a title used by certain republican states. Initially associated with populism (people's movements: Völkisch movement, Narodnik, others), it eventually became associated with countries adhering to communism, after the creation of the Soviet Union, such as China. However, the term is not unique to communist states. Many countries adopted the title given its rather generic nature, like Bangladesh, which was founded as a liberal parliamentary republic after a popular war of independence.

Marxist–Leninist People's Republics[edit]

The motivation for using this term lies in the claim that Marxist–Leninists govern in accordance with the interests of the vast majority of the people, and, as such, a Marxist–Leninist republic is a people's republic. Many of these countries also called themselves socialist states in their constitutions; Albania, for instance, used both terms, "socialist" and "people's", in its official name from 1976 to 1991. In the West, countries governed by Marxist–Leninists are referred to as "Communist states", though they never actually used this name for themselves. In the 1990s, many of the People's Republics of Eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, and Bulgaria) and Mongolia dropped the term and became known simply as "Republics" as they adopted liberal democratic systems of government — the term "People's Republic" being associated with the former Communist governments.

The current nominally Communist or socialist states that include the words People's Republic in their full names:

Historical examples include:

Other titles commonly used by Marxist–Leninist states are Democratic Republic (e.g. the German Democratic Republic or the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia between 1943 and 1946), and Socialist Republic (e.g. the Socialist Republic of Vietnam).

Non-Marxist–Leninist People's Republics[edit]



The following separatist movements have declared People's Republics, but have not received diplomatic recognition from the international community:


Other uses[edit]

The term People's Republic is sometimes used by critics and satirists to describe areas perceived to be dominated by left-wing politics. Some examples are "The People's Republic of New Jersey",[1] the "People’s Republic of California",[2] the "People's Republic of Dublin South-Central",[3] the "People's Republic of South Yorkshire", "The People's Republic of Boulder",[4] and the "People's Republic of Madison".[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Welcome to the People's Republic of New Jersey, Alan Caruba, 28 June 2004,
  2. ^ Roger Hedgecock (14 October 2011). "Dispatch From the People's Republic of California". Human Events. Townhall Media. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
    Michael Levi (4 December 2012). "The People's Republic of California". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Polarisation in the People's Republic of Madison (sic) The Economist. June 5, 2012. Accessed April 19, 2014