People's Square

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People's Square
People Square seen from Urban Planning Exhibition Center.JPG
The southwest corner of People's Square seen from the Urban Planning Museum
Traditional Chinese 人民廣場
Simplified Chinese 人民广场
The fountain

People's Square is a large public square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, China.[1] It is south of Nanjing Road (West) and north of Huaihai Road (East). People's Square is the site of Shanghai's municipal government headquarters building and is used as the standard reference point for measurement of distance in the Shanghai municipality.[citation needed]

The Shanghai Racecourse in 1912.
A 1933 map of Shanghai, including the racetrack on left in green.


Prior to 1949 and the establishment of the People's Republic of China, what is now People's Square was a course for horse racing owned by the Shanghai Race Club. After gambling and horse racing were banned by the new Communist government, a part of the race course became People's Square, which included a large avenue and spectator stands for use during parades.

In the 1990s, major changes were made to the square.[citation needed] The Shanghai Municipal Government was moved here from the former HSBC Building on the Bund, also the Shanghai Museum was moved here from its previous site in a former office building. More recent additions include the Shanghai Grand Theatre and the Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall.

Other parts of the race course still remain. The clubhouse buildings became the Shanghai Art Museum, while part of the race track became People's Park, a public park to the north of People's Square.


Well-known landmarks and tourist attractions in and around the square include:

The Shanghai Museum is in a prominent central position in the square, with large fountains immediately to the north.


The Shanghai Metro's People's Square Subway Station is an interchange among the subway's Line 1, Line 2, and Line 8. Several bus stops also ring the north and south sides of the square.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pitts, Christopher (April 2013). "The Bund & People's Square". Pocket Shanghai (3rd ed.). Lonely Planet. pp. 22–43. ISBN 978-1-74179-963-7. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°13′46″N 121°28′28″E / 31.229564°N 121.47438°E / 31.229564; 121.47438