People's Square is a large public square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, China. It is south of Nanjing Road (West) and north of Huaihai Road (East). People's Square is the site of Shanghai's municipal government headquarters building and is used as the standard reference point for measurement of distance in the Shanghai municipality.
The Shanghai Racecourse in 1912.
A 1933 map of Shanghai, including the racetrack on left in green.
Prior to 1949 and the establishment of the People's Republic of China, what is now People's Square was a course for horse racing owned by the Shanghai Race Club. After gambling and horse racing were banned by the new Communist government, a part of the race course became People's Square, which included a large avenue and spectator stands for use during parades.