People's Committee to Protect Ukraine
|Founded||May 10, 2010|
The People's Committee to Protect Ukraine (Ukrainian: Народний комітет захисту України) is a political movement in Ukraine formed May 2010. The committee intended to hold a mass protest campaign in Ukraine against the policies of President Viktor Yanukovych, who ultimately fled amid violence in 2014.
On May 10, 2010 nine political parties and several non-governmental organizations signed a document on the creation of the committee:
- Ukrainian Social-Democratic Party
- European Party of Ukraine
- All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"
- People's Movement of Ukraine (Rukh)
- Motherland Defenders Party
- Reforms and Order Party
- People's Self-Defence Party
- All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom"
- Ukrainian Party
The parties Ukrainian Republican Party Assembly, Our Ukraine, Ukrainian Platform, Ukraine Cathedral and All-Ukrainian Public Organization Civil Position intended to make a decision about joining the committee.
One of the initiators of the committee is writer Dmytro Pavlychko. Present at the opening signing of the committee were among others: Yulia Tymoshenko, Borys Tarasyuk and Levko Lukyanenko. Although they were invited, and also in opposition to President Viktor Yanukovych, former President Viktor Yushchenko and former presidential candidate Arseniy Yatsenyuk were not present and have not commented about the committee.
After the first rally of the movement (near the Verkhovna Rada building on May 11, 2010) opposition supporters complained of being hassled by the police in an attempt to limit the number of participants in the rally. According to the police buses were only stopped because companies didn't have permits to travel in convoys or if buses were in bad technical shape. Ukrainian Minister of Internal Affairs Anatolii Mohyliov stated on May 13, 2010 “The law allows rallies but bans street barricades and loud shouts”.
On 8 August 2011 All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland", Rukh, European Party of Ukraine, People's Self-Defense, Reforms and Order Party, Motherland Defenders Party, Civil Position and Front for Change formed the Dictatorship Resistance Committee "to better coordinate our efforts".
The organisation sees as its main tasks:
- Protection of the territorial integrity of the state
- Protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens
- the cessation of "anti-Ukrainian humanitarian policies
- Rejection of any attempts to establish foreign monitoring over strategic enterprises and sectors of Ukrainian industry
- Preservation of the Euro-Atlantic choice of Ukraine
- Move forward towards civilized European values
Declaration of the People's Committee to Protect Ukraine
On the May 10, 2010 the committee released the following opening statement:
On the May 10, 2010, we, representatives of political parties and civil organizations have created People's Committee to Protect Ukraine.
Taking into account the danger of losing the statehood and democratic freedoms by Ukrainian population in results of actions of Yanukovych's regime we announce the consolidation of all forces to coordinate the actions in order to protect Ukraine.
In the conditions of widely spread attacks of the Yanukovych's regime onto the live-important national interest of Ukraine the first task of the Committee is to organize all-Ukrainian opposition movement to:
- protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine;
- protect the main freedom of speech|freedoms and political rights;
- stop anti-Ukrainian policy in Ukraine and protect Ukrainian identity;
- stop any efforts to impose the foreign control over strategically important factories and sections of Ukrainian industry;
- hold the Euro-Atlantic choice of Ukraine and keep orientation onto European values.
Our actions will be carried out in accordance with the rights and freedoms defined by the Constitution of Ukraine, will be open for equal rights partnership to protect Ukraine.
In early May 2010, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov called the ideas of the committee "hysterical and hopeless". Meanwhile, one of the members of Party of Regions Valeriy Konovalyuk stated that "the committee is unlikely to receive support from the population".
- Ukrainian political forces create people's committee to protect Ukraine, Kyiv Post (May 10, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Контакти, People's Committee to Protect Ukraine official website
- (Ukrainian) Опозиція створила Комітет захисту України, BBC Ukrainian (May 10, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Комітет захисту України кличе людей під Раду для "демонстрації", Ukrayinska Pravda (May 10, 2010)
- Police move to dampen protest turnout, Kyiv Post (May 11, 2010)
- National committee for protection of Ukraine starts to work Radio Liberty, (May 17, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Комітет захисту України закликає прийти завтра на мітинг до ВР, UNIAN (May 10, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Народний комітет порятунку: добре чи погано?, BBC Ukrainian (May 6, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Ющенко і Яценюк проігнорували Комітет захисту України, Ukrayinska Pravda (May 10, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Яценюк, Гриценко, Кириленко і "Наша Україна" поки осторонь Комітету захисту, Ukrayinska Pravda (May 10, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Міліція каже, що не зупиняла автобуси опозиції, Ukrayinska Pravda (May 10, 2010)
- Interior Minister: rallies permitted, loud shouts banned, UNIAN (May 13, 2010)
- Dictatorship Resistance Committee to coordinate opposition parties in parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (10 August 2011)
- Ukrainian opposition to create Dictatorship Resistance Committee after Tymoshenko's arrest, Kyiv Post (8 August 2011)
- Ukraine opposition alliance urges mass-scale public action against government, Kyiv Post (11 October 2011)
- Official site (Ukrainian)